Selecting a language will automatically trigger the translation of the page content.

I have been in contact with a person sick with Covid-19: what should I do?

Publié le 05 janvier 2022 - Legal and Administrative Information Directorate (Prime Minister)

Crédits : © Paolese - AdobeStock

Woman at the window

You met a person tested positive in Covid-19? You have been identified as « contact » by Health Insurance or have you been informed of this situation by the TousAntiCovid application? Since July 27, 2021, the definition of contact persons has evolved and now takes into account vaccination and immune status. Only high-risk contacts are required to meet quarantine requirements. Testing, isolation, working... Find instructions to follow with Service-Public.fr.

A contact person is a person who has been in contact with a positive person at Covid-19 without effective protection. There are now 3 types:

  1. One high risk contact person is a person who has not received a complete vaccination plan or is less than 7 days old (Pfizer, Moderna, AstraZeneca vaccines), less than 4 weeks old (Johnson & Johnson vaccine) or who has severe immunodepression and:
    • having had direct contact with the positive (or probably positive) person at Covid-19, face-to-face, within 2 m, regardless of duration (example: conversation, meals, physical contact);
    • having given or received positive (or probably positive) acts of hygiene or personal care at Covid-19;
    • having shared an interior space (office or meeting room, personal vehicle, restaurant room...) for at least 15 consecutive or cumulative minutes over 24 hours with the positive person (or probably positive) or having remained face-to-face with her during several episodes of coughing or sneezing.
  2. One moderate risk contact person is a person who has not received a complete vaccination plan for at least 7 days (Pfizer, Moderna, AstraZeneca vaccines) or at least 4 weeks (Johnson & Johnson vaccine) and has been in any of the above contact situations.
  3. One contact person negligible risk is a person with a history of Covid-19 infection confirmed by a screening test less than 2 months old and who has been in a different contact situation than those described above.

Are you already vaccinated against Covid-19?

If your vaccination plan is complete and you are not immunocompromised, you do not have to isolate yourself. But you have to follow certain sanitary rules to break the Covid-19 transmission chains:

  • immediately perform a screening test (RT-PCR or TAG). You do not need a prescription to perform a nasal sampling test and it is supported to 100% through Health Insurance;
  • inform people you have been in contact with 48 hours after your last at-risk contact with Covid-19 and recommend that they limit their social and family contacts;
  • respect barrier gestures for 1 week after the last contact with the patient, including:
    • limiting social interactions, particularly in institutions receiving members of the public where masking is not possible;
    • avoid contact with people at risk of serious illness even if vaccinated;
    • wear a Category 1 mask in public space;
    • if you live with the patient: wear a mask at home.
  • if 1to test is positive, you should isolate yourself immediately and monitor your health. You will be contacted by Health Insurance.
  • if 1to screening test is negative, you must perform 2 self tests: 2e Day (D2) and 4e day (J4) after the last contact with the positive person. Self-tests will be given free of charge by your pharmacist after the negative antigenic test or upon presentation of the negative RT-PCR result with a certificate of honour. If one of the self-tests is positive, it must be confirmed by a RT-PCR or antigenic test. If this test is positive, you become a "positive case" and must isolate yourself immediately and monitor your health. You will then be contacted by Health Insurance.

  FYI : To alert and protect your loved ones, the person tested positive can declare a positive case in AllAntiCovid application . The healthcare professional who conducts the test presents a 6-character alphanumeric code or a QR code to scan and save in the application within one hour.

Are you not vaccinated against Covid-19 or are you immunocompromised?

If your vaccination plan is incomplete (recall not completed within the time required for the health pass), you are not vaccinated or if you are immunocompromised (see list below), you must immediately carry out a screening test, RT-PCR or antigenic (for children under 6 years, a salivary sample can be carried out if the nasopharyngeal sample is difficult or impossible):

  • if the result is positive: you become a confirmed Covid-19 case ;
  • if the result is negative: you must remain in isolation for 7 full days from the date of the last contact with the positive person.

To get out of isolation, you must perform an antigenic test or RT-PCR and have a negative result. If this test is positive, you must isolate yourself for 10 days after the date of the positive test. You will be contacted by Health Insurance.

If telework is not possible and you are not partially active, you must declare yourself on the Health Insurance or AMM website . You can benefit from a 7-day shutdown starting on the date you were informed that you were contact case.

If you have isolated yourself before this date, the shutdown can be retroactive within 2 days. If the test results are not known at the end of the initial shutdown, you can request an extension of the shutdown within 2 additional days.

If home isolation is not possible, a shelter solution may be proposed by the Isolation Support Territorial Unit (IATC). This solution is best for people who have severe immunodepression.

You should inform the people you have been in contact with from 48 h after your last exposure to the positive person at Covid-19 and recommend that they limit their social and family contacts: it is called « warning contact ».

  Please note : The complete vaccination regimen assessed as part of the health pass is a booster vaccination or a first vaccination completed less than 7 months ago. The isolation rules are the same for positive people regardless of the variant (Delta or Omicron).

Publicité

France 2021, les données clés