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Is a medical certificate required for sports?

Verified 31 December 2020 - Directorate for Legal and Administrative Information (Prime Minister), Ministry for Sports

The obligation to provide a medical certificate depends on how you practise this sport: in a club affiliated to a sports federation or not, alone or in a school setting.

In sports, commercial or associative structure

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Not affiliated with a sports federation

Your club may ask you to provide a medical certificate stating that there is no contraindication to the practice of the sport or discipline concerned.

This is not a legal obligation, but a condition linked to the club's rules. The frequency of presentation of the certificate is provided for by the internal rules of this structure.

Affiliated with a sports federation

You are major
You want your licence

You must provide a medical certificate stating that there is no contraindication to the practice of the sport or discipline concerned. The medical certificate must be less than 1 year old on the day of application for the licence.

You want to renew your licence

To know whether or not to provide a medical certificate, you must first complete a health questionnaire:

Whether a medical certificate is required to obtain a sports licence

You are a minor

The obligation to provide a medical certificate depends on the discipline practised.

Sports disciplines with special constraints

These are:

  • Mountaineering
  • Underwater diving
  • Speleology
  • Sports, practised in competition, for which the fight can end by K-O (English boxing, kick boxing, savate, ...)
  • Sports involving the use of firearms or compressed air (shooting, ball-trap, biathlon)
  • Sports, performed in competition, involving the use of vehicles, with the exception of radio-guided car models (sport-car, karting and motorcycling)
  • Competitive aeronautical sports, with the exception of aeromodesism (aerobatic flying, gliding, free flying, ...)
  • Parachuting
  • Rugby union, rugby league and rugby league

In this case, you must provide a medical certificate dated less than 1 year from the date of application for the licence. The certificate must attest to the absence of any contraindication to the practice of the sport concerned.

Other sports

You must complete a health questionnaire with the help of your parents.

Based on your questionnaire responses, you will be required to provide one of the following documents to obtain your licence:

  • Questionnaire information certificate
  • Medical certificate attesting the absence of contraindication to the practice of the sport concerned

Alone (by yourself)

If you wish to participate in a sports competition, the registration procedure varies depending on the organiser: sports federation or other organisations (town hall, association).

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Competition of a sports federation

Open to unlicenced athletes
You are major

You must provide a medical certificate of absence of contraindication to the practice of the sport or discipline concerned. The medical certificate must be less than 1 year old on the day of the competition.

You are a minor

You must complete a health questionnaire with the help of your parents.

Depending on your questionnaire responses, you will be required to provide one of the following documents to participate in the competition:

  • Questionnaire information certificate
  • Medical certificate attesting the absence of contraindication to the practice of the sport concerned
Reserved for licenced athlete

Competition of other organisers (town hall, association)

If you wish to participate in a competition organised by a town hall or an association, the organisers may ask you to provide a medical certificate.

School

A school cannot require a medical certificate to attend mandatory EPS courses.

On the other hand, the student may apply for a medical certificate of incompetence (in whole or in part) for any student who wishes to be exempted from EPS courses.

General case

To obtain or renew a licence from a school sports federation (UNSS, UGSEL, USEP), you do not have to present a medical certificate.

Sports with special constraints

Some sports have special safety requirements:

  • Mountaineering
  • Underwater diving
  • Speleology
  • Sports, practised in competition, for which the fight can end by K-O (English boxing, kick boxing, savate, ...)
  • Sports involving the use of firearms or compressed air (shooting, ball-trap, biathlon)
  • Sports, performed in competition, involving the use of vehicles, with the exception of radio-guided car models (sport-car, karting and motorcycling)
  • Competitive aeronautical sports, with the exception of aeromodesism (aerobatic flying, gliding, free flying, ...)
  • Parachuting
  • Rugby union, rugby league and rugby league

To obtain or renew a licence from a school sports federation (UNSS, UGSEL, USEP) to practise one of these sports, you must present a medical certificate. The document must certify that there is no contraindication to the practice of the sport or discipline concerned. It must also be less than 1 year old on the day of application for the licence.

To obtain this certificate, you must perform a specific medical examination. For more information, contact your GP.