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Mandatory equipment in the car: safety vest, triangle...

Verified 02 November 2022 - Directorate for Legal and Administrative Information (Prime Minister)

Yellow vest, triangle, windows, tyres, licence plates... What does the highway code say about the mandatory equipment of a car (VP) ? Can you get a fine if an accessory is missing or in poor condition? This page shows you the rules you need to know about mandatory equipment.

Mandatory equipment in the car and penalties for absence

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Mandatory car accessories and penalties for absence

Safety vest and warning triangle. The vest and/or triangle shall be used when the vehicle immobilisation constitutes a danger to traffic. Failure to comply with this obligation is punishable by a fine of up to €750.

Tyres. Driving with tyres in poor condition is prohibited. If checked, you risk a fine of up to €750.

Lighting. Every vehicle shall be equipped with functioning lights. Failure to comply with this obligation is punishable by a fine of up to € 450.

Front windows. The windscreen and front side windows (driver and passenger side) shall be sufficiently transparent from both the inside and the outside. Failure to comply with this obligation is punishable by a 3-point withdrawal from the licence and a fine of up to €750.

You must have a car safety vest (yellow vest) and hazard warning triangle.

  • The safety vest must fluorescent, have markingEC: titleContent and stowed at hand.
  • The triangle must have marking E 27 R and stored in your car.

When to wear the safety vest?

In case emergency stop, you wear the vest before getting out of your car on or around the road.

When and where to put the warning triangle?

You must use triangle when the immobilisation of your car constitutes danger to traffic.

For example, close to road intersections, bends, coastal tops, level crossings, in case of poor visibility.

You must place the triangle 30 metres or more from your car to signal it to other drivers, and turn on your hazard lights.

Please note

you are not required to set up triangle if you believe that it can putting your life at risk.

What fine for violating the law?

Don't wear the yellow vest and not reporting your car on the road when it is a danger to traffic is fined up to €750.

In general, this is a flat-rate fine of €135.

During a road check by the police (police, gendarmerie), you must be able to present the yellow vest and the triangle. Failure to do so is punishable by a fine of up to €38.

Your car must be equipped with traffic lights, crossing, position front and back fog back, flashing, lamps stop, a distress signal and a fire rear registration plate.

The lights shall be in good working order.

Failure to comply with this obligation is punishable by fines up to €450.

In general, this is a flat-rate fine of €68.

The fixed asset of your car can be ordered.

Please note

if bulb is failing, you replace it immediately. It is therefore recommended to have spare bulbs in your car.

It recommended to have in your car spare wheel and hardware to settle it.

Roll with tyres in poor condition is forbidden.

If checked, you risk a fine of up to €750.

In general, this is a flat-rate fine of €135. The immobilisation of your car can be ordered.

Between 1 November and 31 Marchin some of the towns in the mountains, it is mandatory to equip your vehicle with winter tyres or hold channels or snow socks.

The windows of your car must be in transparent substance and sufficiently resistant.

The windscreen windows and front side windows (driver and passenger side) must:

  • Have a sufficient transparency, both from the inside and the outside
  • Not not cause deformation or change of colours of the outside environment
  • Forward 70% or more of the light

You must not change the characteristics of the windows except for medical reasons.

Travelling with a car that does not comply with these obligations is sanctioned by fine up to €750.

In general, this is a flat-rate fine of €135.

Three points are withdrawn your driver's licence.

The fixed asset of your car can be ordered.

Please note

the windscreen shall be equipped with at least one windshield wiper in working order and ice washer.

You must not hold, carry or use radar warning devices .

Failure to comply with this prohibition is punishable by fine up to €1,500.

You lose automatically 6 points on your driving licence.

The radar warning is seized. If it is placed, adapted or applied to your car, your car is seized.

You may also additional penalties following:

  • Suspension of driving licence for a period of up to 3 years (accommodation possible outside the professional activity)
  • Confiscation of your car when the radar warning device is placed, adapted or applied to your car

Your car must be equipped with an audible warning device (horn) approved.