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Drone: pilotage rules

Verified 21 janvier 2021 - Legal and Administrative Information Directorate (Prime Minister)

A drone is a passenger-free, remotely operated flying device. If you wish to fly a drone for pleasure or, more generally, for a low-risk flight, you must comply with the regulations on open category flights. Some drones must be registered for this type of flight. In all cases, a number of rules condition their flying. Some areas are prohibited from flying and others are restricted.

Drone purchased before 2021

A drone is an unmanned, passenger-free flying device. It is remotely piloted, that is, operated by a remote pilot.

If you want to fly a drone for fun or competition (aeromodesism), or perform a low-risk flight, you must comply with flight regulations open category.

The following devices can be used in this category:

  • Drones bought from toy rays or high-tech rays
  • Reduced Templates

The drone shall be radio-controlled or controlled by a restraining cable connected to a person or to the ground in the case of captive drones.

  Warning : From 1 January 2023, your drone must be marked with a CE (C0, C1, C2, C3, C4) in order to fly in the open category.

An information leaflet must be included with the packages of the drones on sale.

The contents of this instruction include the following 10 rules for all recreational drone operations:

  • Not flying over people
  • Meet maximum flight heights (120 metres)
  • Never lose sight of your device and not use it at night
  • Do not fly over public space in built-up areas
  • Do not fly near airfields
  • Do not fly over sensitive or protected sites: nuclear power plants, military land, nature reserves...
  • Respect the privacy of others, by not broadcasting the shots without the consent of the persons concerned, and by not making commercial use of them
  • Check the conditions of insurance for this activity
  • If in doubt, contact the Civil Aviation Directorate (DGAC).

Minimum age

You must be at least 14 years old to fly your drone.

However, you can use your drone without an age condition in one of the following cases:

  • You built your own drone and it weighs less than 250 grammes
  • You are accompanied by a 16-year-old pilot.
Driver Registration

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General case

You must register online with the DGAC.

At the end of the registration, an operator number, in the form « FRA + 13 characters », is handed over to you. You must enter this number on your drone. The number must be legible when your drone is on the ground.

Drone less than 250 grammes

You must register online with DGAC if your drone is equipped with a camera.

At the end of the registration, an operator number, in the form « FRA + 13 characters », is handed over to you. You must enter this number on your drone. The number must be legible when your drone is on the ground.

Training

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Drone less than 250 grammes

You don't have to take training. However, it is recommended to pass the "Open A1/A3" category.

The training will be implemented in 1st semester 2021 on the portal Alpha Tango:

Online training for downloading a drone in subcategory A1/A3

Between 250 and 500 grammes

You must complete an online training course for recreational remote pilots and pass an evaluation test. The test is in the form of a multiple choice questionnaire. The number of attempts is not limited.

The certificate is valid for 5 years, its renewal requires to pass the evaluation test again.

You risk a fine of €450 if you fly your drone without getting a pass certificate.

If checked, you risk a fine of €38 if you are not able to present the pass certificate immediately.

Online training for drones over 800 grammes

Civil Aviation Directorate (DGAC)

  FYI : In the 1st half of 2021, this training will be replaced on the same online platform by the "Open A1/A3" training. However, your certificate of achievement remains valid.

Between 500 grammes and 2 kilogrammes

General case

You must complete an online training course for recreational remote pilots and pass an evaluation test. The test is in the form of a multiple choice questionnaire. The number of attempts is not limited.

The certificate is valid for 5 years, its renewal requires to pass the evaluation test again.

You risk a fine of €450 if you fly your drone without getting a pass certificate.

If checked, you risk a fine of €38 if you are not able to present the pass certificate immediately.

Online training for drones over 800 grammes

Civil Aviation Directorate (DGAC)

  FYI : In the 1st half of 2021, this training will be replaced on the same online platform by the "Open A1/A3" training. However, your certificate of achievement remains valid.

Remote flight of persons

To fly up to 50 metres from the people, you must have the Commercial Pilot Certificate.

Between 2 and 25 kg

You must complete an online training course for recreational remote pilots and pass an evaluation test. The test is in the form of a multiple choice questionnaire. The number of attempts is not limited.

The certificate is valid for 5 years, its renewal requires to pass the evaluation test again.

You risk a fine of €450 if you fly your drone without getting a pass certificate.

If checked, you risk a fine of €38 if you are not able to present the pass certificate immediately.

Online training for drones over 800 grammes

Civil Aviation Directorate (DGAC)

  FYI : In the 1st half of 2021, this training will be replaced on the same online platform by the "Open A1/A3" training. However, your certificate of achievement remains valid.

Responsibility

You may be liable for damage to other drones, people and property. If you do not have a specific insurance policy, check the terms of your liability policy.

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Drone equipped with electronic reporting

You must register your drone with the Civil Aviation Directorate (DGAC). You risk a fine of €750 if you fly your drone without recording it. The registration validity may vary and is indicated on the certificate obtained. She is not more than 5 years old.

The registration number must be affixed to the drone, unless it is registered and its registration is already affixed. You risk a fine of €750 if you fly your drone without the registration number.

If the drone is modified, a new registration is required. You risk a fine of €750 if you do not comply with this obligation.

If checked, you risk a fine of €38 if you are unable to present the registration certificate immediately.

Online drone registration

Civil Aviation Directorate (DGAC)

  Please note : for a minor or a protected adult (guardianship, etc.), the application for registration must be made by a legal representative.

Drone without electronic reporting

You don't have to register your drone

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Drones under 250 grammes

There are areas where drone flying is permitted, others where it is prohibited. Some areas have restrictions.

The map of restricted zones for recreational drones in metropolitan France can be found on the online geo-portal. It's an interactive map, where you can turn on the geolocation so that the map centres on your position.

Geoportal - Check Flight Restriction Areas

National Institute of Geographical and Forestry Information (IGN)

For example, drone flights are prohibited over certain sensitive or protected sites (nuclear power plants, military sites, historical monuments, prisons, nature reserves and national parks... ). It is prohibited in the vicinity of aerodromes and in areas where there is a particular air activity (example: military trafficking).

Overflight of persons is tolerated. However, you should stay away from people's gatherings.

However, flights are permitted in private areas with the permission of the owner, in authorised aeromodesism sites or in certain public areas.

You must learn about these areas before flying.

Between 250 and 500 grammes

There are areas where drone flying is permitted, others where it is prohibited. Some areas have restrictions.

The map of restricted zones for recreational drones in metropolitan France can be found on the online geo-portal. It's an interactive map, where you can turn on the geolocation so that the map centres on your position.

Geoportal - Check Flight Restriction Areas

National Institute of Geographical and Forestry Information (IGN)

For example, drone flights are prohibited over certain sensitive or protected sites (nuclear power plants, military sites, historical monuments, prisons, nature reserves and national parks... ). It is prohibited in the vicinity of aerodromes and in areas where there is a particular air activity (example: military trafficking).

You can't fly over nearby people and vehicles. You must keep a minimum safe distance from them. You have to stay away from people's gatherings.

However, flights are permitted in private areas with the permission of the owner, in authorised aeromodesism sites or in certain public areas.

You must learn about these areas before flying.

Between 500 grammes and 2 kilogrammes

There are areas where drone flying is permitted, others where it is prohibited. Some areas have restrictions.

The map of restricted zones for recreational drones in metropolitan France can be found on the online geo-portal. It's an interactive map, where you can turn on the geolocation so that the map centres on your position.

Geoportal - Check Flight Restriction Areas

National Institute of Geographical and Forestry Information (IGN)

For example, drone flights are prohibited over certain sensitive or protected sites (nuclear power plants, military sites, historical monuments, prisons, nature reserves and national parks... ). It is prohibited in the vicinity of aerodromes and in areas where there is a particular air activity (example: military trafficking).

You can't fly over nearby people and vehicles. You must keep a minimum safe distance from them. You can fly up to 50 metres away from the people provided you have the professional pilot certificate. Otherwise, you must keep a minimum safe distance of 150 metres with them.

However, flights are permitted in private areas with the permission of the owner, in authorised aeromodesism sites or in certain public areas.

You must learn about these areas before flying.

Between 2 and 25 kg

There are areas where drone flying is permitted, others where it is prohibited. Some areas have restrictions.

The map of restricted zones for recreational drones in metropolitan France can be found on the online geo-portal. It's an interactive map, where you can turn on the geolocation so that the map centres on your position.

Geoportal - Check Flight Restriction Areas

National Institute of Geographical and Forestry Information (IGN)

For example, drone flights are prohibited over certain sensitive or protected sites (nuclear power plants, military sites, historical monuments, prisons, nature reserves and national parks... ). It is prohibited in the vicinity of aerodromes and in areas where there is a particular air activity (example: military trafficking).

You have to fly away from people and vehicles. You must keep a minimum safe distance of 150 metres with them.

However, flights are permitted in private areas with the permission of the owner, in authorised aeromodesism sites or in certain public areas.

You must learn about these areas before flying.

The maximum flight height is 120 metres. It is lower in the vicinity of aerodromes and in some military aviation training areas. During their activation times, it is limited to less than 50 metres.

Before flying, check the maximum height allowed at the desired location. You can perform these checks on the Dedicated Portal Online.

Geoportal - Check Flight Restriction Areas

National Institute of Geographical and Forestry Information (IGN)

In case of violation of security rules and overflight bans, you risk 1 to 6 months imprisonment and €15 000 to €75,000 fine and have your drone confiscated.

Visibility

The drone must be visible to the naked eye and remain within the field of view of the pilot. Disposal flights (FPV) and the use of follow-on drones are possible provided that a second person is present.

The pilot cannot be in a vehicle while on the road.

In case of violation of security rules and overflight bans, you risk 1 to 6 months imprisonment and €15 000 to €75,000 fine and have your drone confiscated.

Electronic reporting

The electronic reporting device periodically transmits the identity of your drone while it is in flight. Some drones must be equipped with it.

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General case

Your drone can fly without issuing an electronic report.

Drone over 800 grammes

Your drone must issue an electronic alert.

You risk a fine of €750 if you do not comply with this obligation.

People around the drone should be informed if the drone is equipped with a camera or sensors that can record data about them.

You cannot record images that identify or identify people (faces, licence plates...) without their permission.

Any dissemination of images must be authorised by the persons concerned or the owner in the case of a private space (house, garden, etc.). You cannot use images taken for commercial or business purposes.

In the event of a violation of privacy, by capturing, recording or broadcasting images or words of persons without their consent, you are liable to 1 year imprisonment and €45,000 fine.

Drones are prohibited at night, even when equipped with lighting devices. Except in certain aerodrome association sites.

In case of violation of security rules and overflight bans, you risk 1 to 6 months imprisonment and €15 000 to €75,000 fine and have your drone confiscated.

Drone purchased after 2021

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Drone CE (C0, C1, C2, C3, C4)

A drone is an unmanned, passenger-free flying device. It is remotely piloted, that is, operated by a remote pilot.

A drone marked CE allows flights in open category that's low risk. You can use it if you want to fly a drone for leisure or competition (aeromodesism.

These are:

  • Class C0 drone (less than 250 grammes)
  • Class C1 drone (between 250 and 900 grammes and equipped with direct remote identification)
  • Class C2 drone (between 900 grammes and 4 kilogrammes and equipped with direct remote identification and low speed mode)
  • Class C3 drone (between 4 and 25 kg and equipped with direct remote identification)
  • Class C4 drone (between 4 and 25 kg and equipped with direct remote identification)

The drone shall be radio-controlled or controlled by a restraining cable connected to a person or to the ground in the case of captive drones.

Former drone category

A drone is an unmanned, passenger-free flying device. It is remotely piloted, that is, operated by a remote pilot.

If you want to fly a drone for fun or competition (aeromodesism), or perform a low-risk flight, you must comply with flight regulations open category.

The following devices can be used in this category:

  • Drones bought from toy rays or high-tech rays
  • Reduced Templates

The drone shall be radio-controlled or controlled by a restraining cable connected to a person or to the ground in the case of captive drones.

  Warning : From 1 January 2023, your drone must be marked with a CE (C0, C1, C2, C3, C4) in order to fly in the open category.

An information leaflet must be included with the packages of the drones on sale.

The contents of this instruction include the following 10 rules for all recreational drone operations:

  • Not flying over people
  • Meet maximum flight heights (120 metres)
  • Never lose sight of your device and not use it at night
  • Do not fly over public space in built-up areas
  • Do not fly near airfields
  • Do not fly over sensitive or protected sites: nuclear power plants, military land, nature reserves...
  • Respect the privacy of others, by not broadcasting the shots without the consent of the persons concerned, and by not making commercial use of them
  • Check the conditions of insurance for this activity
  • If in doubt, contact the Civil Aviation Directorate (DGAC).

Minimum age

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CE marked drone

You must be at least 14 years old to fly your drone.

However, you can use your drone without an age condition in one of the following cases:

  • Your C0 drone is considered a toy (logos indicating the age of children who can play with it)
  • You are accompanied by a 16-year-old pilot.

Former drone category

You must be at least 14 years old to fly your drone.

However, you can use your drone without an age condition in one of the following cases:

  • You built your own drone and it weighs less than 250 grammes
  • You are accompanied by a 16-year-old pilot.
Driver Registration

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General case

You must register online with the DGAC.

At the end of the registration, an operator number, in the form « FRA + 13 characters », is handed over to you. You must enter this number on your drone. The number must be legible when your drone is on the ground.

Drone less than 250 grammes

You must register online with DGAC if your drone is equipped with a camera.

At the end of the registration, an operator number, in the form « FRA + 13 characters », is handed over to you. You must enter this number on your drone. The number must be legible when your drone is on the ground.

Training

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CE marked drone

Class C0 Drone

You don't have to take training. However, it is recommended to pass the "Open A1/A3" category.

The training will be implemented in 1st semester 2021 on the portal Alpha Tango:

Online training for downloading a drone in subcategory A1/A3

Class C1, C3, C4 drone

You must complete an online training course entitled "Open A1/A3" and pass an evaluation test. This is a review of 40 questions. You must get 75% good answers. The number of attempts is not limited.

The certificate is valid for 5 years, its renewal requires to pass the evaluation test again.

You risk a fine of €450 if you fly your drone without getting a pass certificate.

If checked, you risk a fine of €38 if you are not able to present the pass certificate immediately.

The training will be implemented in 1st semester 2021 on the portal Alpha Tango:

Online training for downloading a drone in subcategory A1/A3

Class C2 Drone

General case:

You must complete an online training course entitled "Open A1/A3" and pass an evaluation test. This is a review of 40 questions. You must get 75% good answers. The number of attempts is not limited.

The certificate is valid for 5 years, its renewal requires to pass the evaluation test again.

You risk a fine of €450 if you fly your drone without getting a pass certificate.

If checked, you risk a fine of €38 if you are not able to present the pass certificate immediately.

The training will be implemented in 1st semester 2021 on the portal Alpha Tango:

Online training for downloading a drone in subcategory A1/A3

Remote flight of persons:

To fly up to 30 metres from the persons, you must, in addition to the "Open A1/A3" training, obtain the Remote Pilot Proficiency Certificate. This involves practical self-training and passing a complementary exam in a CAB examination centre.

The Remote Pilot Proficiency Certificate is valid for 5 years.

You risk a fine of €450 if you fly your drone without getting the patent.

If checked, you risk a fine of €38 if you are unable to present the patent immediately.

Former drone category

Drone less than 250 grammes

You don't have to take training. However, it is recommended to pass the "Open A1/A3" category.

The training will be implemented in 1st semester 2021 on the portal Alpha Tango:

Online training for downloading a drone in subcategory A1/A3

Between 250 and 500 grammes

You must complete an online training course for recreational remote pilots and pass an evaluation test. The test is in the form of a multiple choice questionnaire. The number of attempts is not limited.

The certificate is valid for 5 years, its renewal requires to pass the evaluation test again.

You risk a fine of €450 if you fly your drone without getting a pass certificate.

If checked, you risk a fine of €38 if you are not able to present the pass certificate immediately.

Online training for drones over 800 grammes

Civil Aviation Directorate (DGAC)

  FYI : during the 1st half of 2021, this training will be replaced by the "Open A1/A3" training. However, your certificate of achievement remains valid.

Between 500 grammes and 2 kilogrammes

General case:

You must complete an online training course for recreational remote pilots and pass an evaluation test. The test is in the form of a multiple choice questionnaire. The number of attempts is not limited.

The certificate is valid for 5 years, its renewal requires to pass the evaluation test again.

You risk a fine of €450 if you fly your drone without getting a pass certificate.

If checked, you risk a fine of €38 if you are not able to present the pass certificate immediately.

Online training for drones over 800 grammes

Civil Aviation Directorate (DGAC)

  FYI : during the 1st half of 2021, this training will be replaced by the "Open A1/A3" training. However, your certificate of achievement remains valid.

Remote flight of persons:

To fly up to 50 metres from the people, you must have the Commercial Pilot Certificate.

Between 2 and 25 kg

You must complete an online training course for recreational remote pilots and pass an evaluation test. The test is in the form of a multiple choice questionnaire. The number of attempts is not limited.

The certificate is valid for 5 years, its renewal requires to pass the evaluation test again.

You risk a fine of €450 if you fly your drone without getting a pass certificate.

If checked, you risk a fine of €38 if you are not able to present the pass certificate immediately.

Online training for drones over 800 grammes

Civil Aviation Directorate (DGAC)

  FYI : during the 1st half of 2021, this training will be replaced by the "Open A1/A3" training. However, your certificate of achievement remains valid.

Responsibility

You may be liable for damage to other drones, people and property. If you do not have a specific insurance policy, check the terms of your liability policy.

Répondez aux questions successives et les réponses s’afficheront automatiquement

CE marked drone

Drone classified C1,C2,C3 or C4

You must register your drone with the Civil Aviation Directorate (DGAC). You risk a fine of €750 if you fly your drone without recording it. The registration validity may vary and is indicated on the certificate obtained. She is not more than 5 years old.

The registration number must be affixed to the drone, unless it is registered and its registration is already affixed. You risk a fine of €750 if you fly your drone without the registration number.

If the drone is modified, a new registration is required. You risk a fine of €750 if you do not comply with this obligation.

If checked, you risk a fine of €38 if you are unable to present the registration certificate immediately.

Online drone registration

Civil Aviation Directorate (DGAC)

  Please note : for a minor or a protected adult (guardianship, etc.), the application for registration must be made by a legal representative.

Class C0 Drone

You don't have to register your drone.

Former drone category

Drone equipped with electronic reporting

You must register your drone with the Civil Aviation Directorate (DGAC). You risk a fine of €750 if you fly your drone without recording it. The registration validity may vary and is indicated on the certificate obtained. She is not more than 5 years old.

The registration number must be affixed to the drone, unless it is registered and its registration is already affixed. You risk a fine of €750 if you fly your drone without the registration number.

If the drone is modified, a new registration is required. You risk a fine of €750 if you do not comply with this obligation.

If checked, you risk a fine of €38 if you are unable to present the registration certificate immediately.

Online drone registration

Civil Aviation Directorate (DGAC)

  Please note : for a minor or a protected adult (guardianship, etc.), the application for registration must be made by a legal representative.

Drone without electronic reporting

You don't have to register your drone.

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CE marked drone

Class C0 Drone

There are areas where drone flying is permitted, others where it is prohibited. Some areas have restrictions.

The map of restricted zones for recreational drones in metropolitan France can be found on the online geo-portal. It's an interactive map, where you can turn on the geolocation so that the map centres on your position.

Geoportal - Check Flight Restriction Areas

National Institute of Geographical and Forestry Information (IGN)

For example, drone flights are prohibited over certain sensitive or protected sites (nuclear power plants, military sites, historical monuments, prisons, nature reserves and national parks... ). It is prohibited in the vicinity of aerodromes and in areas where there is a particular air activity (example: military trafficking).

Overflight of persons is tolerated. However, you should stay away from people's gatherings.

However, flights are permitted in private areas with the permission of the owner, in authorised aeromodesism sites or in certain public areas.

You must learn about these areas before flying.

Class C1 Drone

There are areas where drone flying is permitted, others where it is prohibited. Some areas have restrictions.

The map of restricted zones for recreational drones in metropolitan France can be found on the online geo-portal. It's an interactive map, where you can turn on the geolocation so that the map centres on your position.

Geoportal - Check Flight Restriction Areas

National Institute of Geographical and Forestry Information (IGN)

For example, drone flights are prohibited over certain sensitive or protected sites (nuclear power plants, military sites, historical monuments, prisons, nature reserves and national parks... ). It is prohibited in the vicinity of aerodromes and in areas where there is a particular air activity (example: military trafficking).

You can't fly over nearby people and vehicles. You must keep a minimum safe distance from them. You have to stay away from people's gatherings.

However, flights are permitted in private areas with the permission of the owner, in authorised aeromodesism sites or in certain public areas.

You must learn about these areas before flying.

Class C2 Drone

There are areas where drone flying is permitted, others where it is prohibited. Some areas have restrictions.

The map of restricted zones for recreational drones in metropolitan France can be found on the online geo-portal. It's an interactive map, where you can turn on the geolocation so that the map centres on your position.

Geoportal - Check Flight Restriction Areas

National Institute of Geographical and Forestry Information (IGN)

For example, drone flights are prohibited over certain sensitive or protected sites (nuclear power plants, military sites, historical monuments, prisons, nature reserves and national parks... ). It is prohibited in the vicinity of aerodromes and in areas where there is a particular air activity (example: military trafficking).

You can't fly over nearby people and vehicles. You can fly up to 100 feet from the people (16 feet if the low-speed function is activated) provided you have the professional pilot certificate. Otherwise, you must maintain a minimum safe distance of 150 metres with residential, commercial, industrial and recreational areas.

However, flights are permitted in private areas with the permission of the owner, in authorised aeromodesism sites or in certain public areas.

You must learn about these areas before flying.

Class C3 or C4 drone

There are areas where drone flying is permitted, others where it is prohibited. Some areas have restrictions.

The map of restricted zones for recreational drones in metropolitan France can be found on the online geo-portal. It's an interactive map, where you can turn on the geolocation so that the map centres on your position.

Geoportal - Check Flight Restriction Areas

National Institute of Geographical and Forestry Information (IGN)

For example, drone flights are prohibited over certain sensitive or protected sites (nuclear power plants, military sites, historical monuments, prisons, nature reserves and national parks... ). It is prohibited in the vicinity of aerodromes and in areas where there is a particular air activity (example: military trafficking).

You have to fly away from people and vehicles. You must maintain a minimum safe distance of 150 metres with residential, commercial, industrial and recreational areas.

However, flights are permitted in private areas with the permission of the owner, in authorised aeromodesism sites or in certain public areas.

You must learn about these areas before flying.

Former drone category

Drones under 250 grammes

There are areas where drone flying is permitted, others where it is prohibited. Some areas have restrictions.

The map of restricted zones for recreational drones in metropolitan France can be found on the online geo-portal. It's an interactive map, where you can turn on the geolocation so that the map centres on your position.

Geoportal - Check Flight Restriction Areas

National Institute of Geographical and Forestry Information (IGN)

For example, drone flights are prohibited over certain sensitive or protected sites (nuclear power plants, military sites, historical monuments, prisons, nature reserves and national parks... ). It is prohibited in the vicinity of aerodromes and in areas where there is a particular air activity (example: military trafficking).

Overflight of persons is tolerated. However, you should stay away from people's gatherings.

However, flights are permitted in private areas with the permission of the owner, in authorised aeromodesism sites or in certain public areas.

You must learn about these areas before flying.

Between 250 and 500 grammes

There are areas where drone flying is permitted, others where it is prohibited. Some areas have restrictions.

The map of restricted zones for recreational drones in metropolitan France can be found on the online geo-portal. It's an interactive map, where you can turn on the geolocation so that the map centres on your position.

Geoportal - Check Flight Restriction Areas

National Institute of Geographical and Forestry Information (IGN)

For example, drone flights are prohibited over certain sensitive or protected sites (nuclear power plants, military sites, historical monuments, prisons, nature reserves and national parks... ). It is prohibited in the vicinity of aerodromes and in areas where there is a particular air activity (example: military trafficking).

You can't fly over nearby people and vehicles. You must keep a minimum safe distance from them. You have to stay away from people's gatherings.

However, flights are permitted in private areas with the permission of the owner, in authorised aeromodesism sites or in certain public areas.

You must learn about these areas before flying.

Between 500 grammes and 2 kilogrammes

There are areas where drone flying is permitted, others where it is prohibited. Some areas have restrictions.

The map of restricted zones for recreational drones in metropolitan France can be found on the online geo-portal. It's an interactive map, where you can turn on the geolocation so that the map centres on your position.

Geoportal - Check Flight Restriction Areas

National Institute of Geographical and Forestry Information (IGN)

For example, drone flights are prohibited over certain sensitive or protected sites (nuclear power plants, military sites, historical monuments, prisons, nature reserves and national parks... ). It is prohibited in the vicinity of aerodromes and in areas where there is a particular air activity (example: military trafficking).

You can't fly over nearby people and vehicles. You must keep a minimum safe distance from them. You can fly up to 50 metres away from the people provided you have the professional pilot certificate. Otherwise, you must maintain a minimum safe distance of 150 metres with residential, commercial, industrial and recreational areas.

However, flights are permitted in private areas with the permission of the owner, in authorised aeromodesism sites or in certain public areas.

You must learn about these areas before flying.

Between 2 and 25 kg

There are areas where drone flying is permitted, others where it is prohibited. Some areas have restrictions.

The map of restricted zones for recreational drones in metropolitan France can be found on the online geo-portal. It's an interactive map, where you can turn on the geolocation so that the map centres on your position.

Geoportal - Check Flight Restriction Areas

National Institute of Geographical and Forestry Information (IGN)

For example, drone flights are prohibited over certain sensitive or protected sites (nuclear power plants, military sites, historical monuments, prisons, nature reserves and national parks... ). It is prohibited in the vicinity of aerodromes and in areas where there is a particular air activity (example: military trafficking).

You have to fly away from people and vehicles. You must maintain a minimum safe distance of 150 metres with residential, commercial, industrial and recreational areas.

However, flights are permitted in private areas with the permission of the owner, in authorised aeromodesism sites or in certain public areas.

You must learn about these areas before flying.

The maximum flight height is 120 metres. It is lower in the vicinity of aerodromes and in some military aviation training areas. During their activation times, it is limited to less than 50 metres.

Before flying, check the maximum height allowed at the desired location. You can perform these checks on the Dedicated Portal Online.

Geoportal - Check Flight Restriction Areas

National Institute of Geographical and Forestry Information (IGN)

In case of violation of security rules and overflight bans, you risk 1 to 6 months imprisonment and €15 000 to €75,000 fine and have your drone confiscated.

Visibility

The drone must be visible to the naked eye and remain within the field of view of the pilot. Disposal flights (FPV) and the use of follow-on drones are possible provided that a second person is present.

The pilot cannot be in a vehicle while on the road.

In case of violation of security rules and overflight bans, you risk 1 to 6 months imprisonment and €15 000 to €75,000 fine and have your drone confiscated.

Electronic reporting

The electronic reporting device periodically transmits the identity of your drone while it is in flight. Some drones must be equipped with it.

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CE marked drone

Electronic reporting is not mandatory.

Former drone category

General case

Your drone can fly without issuing an electronic report.

Drone over 800 grammes

Your drone must issue an electronic alert. This device regularly broadcasts the identity of your drone while it is in flight.

You risk a fine of €750 if you do not comply with this obligation.

Remote identification system

This system allows you to detect and alert you to a potential violation of airspace boundaries to avoid such a violation. Some drones must be equipped with them.

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CE marked drone

Class C0 or C4 drone

The remote identification system is not required.

Class C1, C2 or C3 drone

Your computer must be equipped with a remote direct identification system.

Former drone category

The remote identification system is not required.

People around the drone should be informed if the drone is equipped with a camera or sensors that can record data about them.

You cannot record images that identify or identify people (faces, licence plates...) without their permission.

Any dissemination of images must be authorised by the persons concerned or the owner in the case of a private space (house, garden, etc.). You cannot use images taken for commercial or business purposes.

In the event of a violation of privacy, by capturing, recording or broadcasting images or words of persons without their consent, you are liable to 1 year imprisonment and €45,000 fine.

Drones are prohibited at night, even when equipped with lighting devices. Except in certain aerodrome association sites.

In case of violation of security rules and overflight bans, you risk 1 to 6 months imprisonment and €15 000 to €75,000 fine and have your drone confiscated.