Selecting a language will automatically trigger the translation of the page content.

A1, A2, B1, B2, C1, C2: what do these language levels correspond to?

Verified 03 août 2020 - Directorate for Legal and Administrative Information (Prime Minister)

The European Framework of Reference for Languages (CECRL) is a classification that allows to evaluate his level of proficiency in a foreign language.

European Framework of Reference for Languages




Basic user (introductory or discovery level)


- Understand and use familiar and everyday expressions and very simple statements that aim to meet concrete needs

- Knowing how to introduce yourself or someone

- To be able to ask questions about a person and answer the same type of questions

- Communicate in a simple way if the person speaks slowly and clearly and is cooperative

Basic user (intermediate or usual level)


- Understand isolated phrases and phrases frequently used in relation to areas of the everyday environment (e.g. simple personal and family information, purchases, work, etc.)

- To be able to communicate during simple and usual tasks requiring a simple and direct exchange of information on familiar and usual subjects

- Know how to describe with simple means his training, his immediate environment and to raise topics that correspond to immediate needs

Independent user (threshold level)


- Understand the essential points of a discussion when clear and standard language is used and if it is familiar things at work, school, leisure, etc.

- Be autonomous in most situations encountered while traveling in a region where the target language is spoken

- To be able to produce a simple and coherent discourse on familiar subjects and in its fields of interest

- Know how to tell an event, an experience or a dream, describe a hope or a goal and briefly explain or explain a project or idea

Independent user (advanced or independent level)


- Understand the essential content of concrete or abstract topics in a complex text, including a technical discussion in its specialty

- Communicate spontaneously and easily with a native speaker

- To express clearly and in detail on a wide range of topics, to express an opinion on a topical subject and to explain the advantages and disadvantages of different possibilities

Experienced user (standalone)


- Understand long and demanding texts and grasp implicit meanings

- To express himself spontaneously and fluently without having to search his words too much

- Use language effectively and flexibly in social, professional or academic life

- To express oneself on complex subjects in a clear and well-structured way and to demonstrate its control of the linguistic tools of organization, articulation and cohesion of the discourse

Experienced user (master level)


- Understand without effort almost everything that is read or heard

- To be able to present facts and arguments from various written and oral sources by summarizing them in a coherent manner

- To express itself spontaneously, very fluently, precisely and to make distinct fine nuances of meaning in relation to complex subjects