Medical device

Therapeutic cannabis: experimentation is prolonged

Publié le 27 mars 2023 - Mise à jour le 05 avril 2024 - Directorate for Legal and Administrative Information (Prime Minister)

Experimentation on the therapeutic use of cannabis, in a controlled setting limited to patients with serious medical conditions, began on March 26, 2021 and was scheduled to end on March 26, 2024. It is ultimately extended until a cannabis-based drug is authorized by health authorities, but cannot go beyond December 31, 2024.

Image 1
Image 1Crédits: NIKCOA -

In particular, the use of medicinal products based on this herb shall be authorized in the context of the therapeutic cannabis experiment for patients suffering from:

  • neuropathic pain refractory to accessible therapies (drug or non-drug);
  • certain forms of drug-resistant epilepsy;
  • certain reluctant symptoms in oncology associated with cancer or with an anti-cancer treatment.

On March 26, 2021, a first patient was included in the device; and on March 26, 2024, the experiment was scheduled to end. Finally, it is extended until a cannabis-based drug is authorized by health authorities and then marketed; but in any case, the experiment must be completed by December 31, 2024.

However, no new patients can enter the experiment since March 27, 2024. This extension ensures continuity of treatment for patients already included in the device and is therefore the only one who can benefit from prescriptions and dispensing of cannabis-based medicines. Currently, such treatments are subject to a use authorization, issued by the National Agency for the Safety of Medicines, for a temporary period. The purchase of these cannabis-based medicines is reimbursed by the Health Insurance until the end of the experiment, i.e. until 31 December 2024 at the latest.

In particular, patients are informed of:

  • special precautions for the use of these medicinal products;
  • adverse reactions;
  • and contraindications.