How to use a French civil status document in Europe?
Verified 21 October 2022 - Directorate of Legal and Administrative Information (Prime Minister), Ministry of Justice
To use a French civil status document within the European Union, you do not need to request authentication of the act: you do not need to obtain certification from the European country where you reside.
However, the civil status certificate must be drawn up in the language of the country.
To help you obtain a translation of your document, at no additional cost, and to avoid the need for a certified translator, forms of type multilingual have been set up by the European Commission.
These forms are intended for authorized national authorities only. For a birth certificate, you will have to contact the city hall that issued the certificate.
Therefore, when you apply, this form, once filled in by the City Hall, must be attached to your French civil status document.
you can consult the e-justice site for additional information related to the languages of use of each EU country.
For other documents or if the document is destined for another (non-EU) country, the procedure varies according to their agreement: need for legalization, apostilles.
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- Regulation (EU) 2016/1911 on the simplification of the conditions for the submission of certain public documents in the European Union
- Decree No. 2007-1205 of 10 August 2007 on the powers of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Ambassadors to legalize acts
- Circular of 23 July 2014 on civil status (PDF - 249.4 KB)
- Legalization or Apostille of a French Document for a Foreign AuthorityService-Public.fr
- Website of the International Civil Registration Commission (ICCS)International Civil Status Commission (ICCS)
- Multilingual formsEuropean Commission