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Are you entitled to unemployment in France after a stay in Europe?

Verified 17 février 2021 - Legal and Administrative Information Directorate (Prime Minister)

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You receive unemployment benefits from another European country

If you receive unemployment benefits in another country European (EEA + Switzerland + Monaco + Andorra), you can continue to benefit from it in France.

Before you leave for France, you must meet the following 2 conditions:

  • Be registered for at least 4 weeks as an unemployed person with the employment service of the country in which you lost your job (exceptions are possible),
  • Requesting a U2 portable document (maintenance of unemployment benefits) with the organisation paying your unemployment benefits.

With this document, you will be able to register as a job applicant with the Pôle emploi agency on which your home in France depends.

You have to within 7 days that follow the date of your termination as a jobseeker in the country you leave.

Your allowances can be maintained in France for 3 months (extension possible to 6 months maximum), within the limits of the rights open to you in the European country concerned.

To do this, you must meet the following 2 conditions:

  • Be completely unemployed (not partial or intermittent),
  • Be entitled to unemployment benefits in the country where you lost your job.

  Warning : in order to retain your unemployment benefit rights in France, you must renew your rights, before they expire. You must apply to the national employment service in the country where you lost your job. Ask before you leave for France.

Upon arrival in France, you must register as a job applicant.

You should contact the Pôle emploi office where your home is located.

You can enjoy the same rights as European citizens:

  • Access to employment
  • Employment services
  • Financial assistance to help you find work
Who shall I contact

You're in a different situation

If you return to work in France and lose it later, you will be able to collect unemployment benefit in France and you will be able to claim your periods of unemployment insurance already acquired in another country European (EEA + Switzerland)

(except in special cases, for example: if you are a posted worker or are active in several European countries).

Before you leave for France, get it portable document U1 to the organisation paying your unemployment benefits. This form summarises periods of insurance or employment in another State European (EEA + Switzerland). It allows these periods to be taken into account when calculating your unemployment benefit in France.

After losing your job in France, you will have to register as a job applicant with Pôle emploi. You will then be able to request the totalisation of your earned unemployment rights in the European country or countries where you have worked. If you do not have the U1 form, the Pôle emploi agency on which your home depends can request it. Check with your agency.

When calculating your potential entitlement to unemployment compensation in France, your Pôle emploi agency takes into account the periods of employment completed in the 2 States.

For the calculation of your unemployment benefit, Pôle emploi takes into account your only earnings received in France. Remuneration received in another European country is therefore not taken into account when calculating the amount of the allowance.

Example :

you come to France after working 5 years in Italy. You resume a business in France and then you are dismissed. Even if this recovery was short-lived, you will be able to perceive unemployment.in France. Your rights will be calculated on your completed insurance periods in Italy and France. However, the amount of the unemployment benefit will be calculated on your wages only collected in France.

Who shall I contact

  FYI : if you frontier worker, you are not affected by these rules. You benefit from special provisions.

If you are a national of a non-European country, you can look for a job in France for 3 months.

  Warning : to settle and work in France beyond this period, you must apply for a residence permit from the prefecture of your place of residence in France.