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Immobilisation of a vehicle

Verified 26 janvier 2022 - Legal and Administrative Information Directorate (Prime Minister)

The police stopped your vehicle and you wonder how to get it back? This page shows you the rules for the immobilisation of the vehicle.

The offences The following may cause your vehicle to stop:

  • Traffic violation resulting in confiscation vehicle: alcohol, speeding, driving without a licence...
  • Offence involving vehicle impound
  • Non-compliance with traffic rules: safety distance in a tunnel, traffic barrier ...
  • Non-compliance with technical inspection rules
  • Non-compliance of licence plates
  • Non-compliance of vehicle condition: Abnormally noisy or polluting, or hazardous to users.
  • Non-compliance of vehicle equipment: front windscreen or side windows not sufficiently transparent (unless there is a medical reason), absence or deterioration of speed recording equipment.
  • Refusal to comply

When law enforcement decides to stop your vehicle, you must keep it on or near while respecting the parking rules.

Law enforcement gives you a asset sheet or temporary movement report in exchange for the vehicle registration certificate (carte grise).

If you are absent or refuse to move your vehicle, it can be stopped by mechanical means.

The immobilisation of a vehicle may be prior to impound.

You have to prove the offence causing the vehicle to stop stopped.

You should contact the authority indicated on the detention form.

If the offence committed concerns the non-compliance of licence plates, you register vehicle.

Ask law enforcement for a copy of the carte grise to make the process.

Impeding the immobilisation of your vehicle is punishable by up to 3 months in prison and a fine of up to €3,750.

You lose too 6 points on your driver's licence.

You may also additional penalties following:

  • Suspension of the licence for a period of up to 3 years (possible accommodation outside the professional activity)
  • Penalty work of general interest
  • Penalty fine days