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Smoke Detector (Daaf): fire safety in accommodation 

Verified 12 août 2021 - Legal and Administrative Information Directorate (Prime Minister)

The autonomous smoke alarm detector (Daaf), commonly called smoke detector, is a device that detects smoke and emits a sound loud enough to wake a sleeping person. The Daaf must be settled in all accommodation units. The occupier (tenant or owner) must declare to its insurer that the accommodation is equipped with a Daaf.

The autonomous smoke alarm (Daaf) is a device that detects smoke and emits a sound loud enough to wake a sleeping person.

  Please note : there are specially adapted Daafs for deaf people working with a light or vibrating signal.

The Daaf must be settled in all accommodation units.

Daaf must include CE marking with reference to NF EN 14604 .

  Warning : Daaf using ionisation is prohibited because it is radioactive.

Who should settle the detector?

The owner-occupier or lessor is responsible for providing and settling the FAAD.

  FYI : in new housing, the Daaf must be provided and settled by the developer.

Where to settle it?

The Daaf should preferably be settled in traffic or clearance (landing, corridor) serving the rooms.

When the accommodation does not have any traffic or clearance (in the case of a studio), the Daaf should be settled as far away from the kitchen and the bathroom as possible.

The Daaf shall be firmly fixed to the ceiling.

In multi-storey accommodation, it is recommended to settle 1 Daaf per floor. In large accommodation units, it is also recommended to settle several Daaf units.

  Warning : it is forbidden to settle Daaf in common areas a building.

It depends on whether the house is rented or occupied by its owner.

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In case of rental

At the beginning of the lease

On the state of entry, the tenant must check that the Daaf is present in the dwelling and that it is in working order.

Leasing

The tenant must ensure the proper functioning of the Daaf by checking the batteries. He must replace the Daaf at his own expense if it is defective.

This obligation does not apply to a tenant who occupies one of the following forms of accommodation:

  • Seasonal accommodation
  • Residence-autonomy
  • Social hotel residence
  • Function Housing
  • Furnished rental

In these 5 cases, the obligation to verify the proper functioning of the Daaf (or its replacement) must be made by the owner.

If the owner occupies his house

He must ensure that the Daaf works by checking the batteries. It must replace the Daaf if it is defective.

The occupant (the tenant or the owner) must report to his insurer with which he has subscribed Fire and explosion insurance the accommodation is equipped with a Daaf.

A reporting template is available:

Smoke Detector - Insurer Reporting Template

Directorate of Legal and Administrative Information (Dila) - Prime Minister

No penalties are provided for failure to install Daaf.

And the insurance company cannot refuse to compensate the occupier in case of fire or explosion.