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Unemployment benefits: how is the reference daily wage calculated?

Verified 01 octobre 2021 - Legal and Administrative Information Directorate (Prime Minister)

The daily reference salary (RLS) is used to calculate your unemployment benefits. It is based on your earnings over a period and the number of days during that period. The conditions are not the same depending on the date of calculation of the SJR, from 1to October 2021 or earlier.

From 1 October 2021

The conditions for calculating the SJR are not the same depending on your age (under 53 or 53 and over).

The reference daily wage (RLS) is determined in 2 steps.

The total gross remuneration received during the 2 years before the end of your last employment contract is taken into account.

This amount is divided by the number of calendar days (days worked + days not worked) between 1to day of the first contract and the last day of the last contract of that period.

Example :

You received a gross total of €48,000. This sum is divided by 731 calendar days. Your reference salary is: 48,000 / 731 = €65.66.

For each month, the relevant remuneration may not exceed €13,712.

The type of remuneration taken into account for the calculation of the reference daily wage

Compensation Type

Taking into account

131 month

Only for the part concerning the 121 month

Balance sheet premiums

Only for the part concerning the 121 month

Perceived Gratifications

Only for the part concerning the 121 month

Refunds for professional expenses

No

Severance or Severance Benefits

No

Conventional Break Allowances

No

Allowances for paid leave

No

End-of-Mission Allowance (Precarious Pay)

No

Advance or non-compete allowances

No

Social Security Daily Allowances

No

The reference daily wage (RLS) is determined in 2 steps.

The total gross remuneration received during the 3 years before the end of your last employment contract is taken into account.

This amount is divided by the number of calendar days (days worked + days not worked) between 1to day of the first contract and the last day of the last contract of that period.

Example :

You received a gross total of €60,000. This amount is divided by 1,096 calendar days. Your reference salary is: 60,000 / 1,096 = €54.74.

For each month, the relevant remuneration may not exceed €13,712.

The type of remuneration taken into account for the calculation of the reference daily wage

Compensation Type

Taking into account

131 month

Only for the part concerning the 121 month

Balance sheet premiums

Only for the part concerning the 121 month

Perceived Gratifications

Only for the part concerning the 121 month

Refunds for professional expenses

No

Severance or Severance Benefits

No

Conventional Break Allowances

No

Allowances for paid leave

No

End-of-Mission Allowance (Precarious Pay)

No

Advance or non-compete allowances

No

Social Security Daily Allowances

No

Before 1 October 2021

The reference daily wage (RJS), which is used to calculate your unemployment benefits, is determined on the basis of a reference annual salary.

The SJR is equal to annual reference salary (SAR) divided by the number of days worked during the calculation reference period (PRC).

This period consists of the 12 calendar months preceding the last day of work paid.

It shall be calculated on the basis of gross remuneration and on the basis of 1 day worked = 1 day compensated.

The maximum number of days worked during the reference period is 261 days.

The calculation of the SJR is as follows: SJR = reference salary / (number of days worked x 1.4).

Example :

If you worked on the 1to January 2020 to December 31, 2020, i.e. 261 days, and €25,000 gross salary, your reference daily salary is: 25,000 / (261 x 1.4) = €68.42.

For each month, the relevant remuneration may not exceed €13,712.

The type of remuneration taken into account for the calculation of the reference daily wage

Compensation Type

Taking into account

131 month

Only for the part concerning the 121 month

Balance sheet premiums

Only for the part concerning the 121 month

Perceived Gratifications

Only for the part concerning the 121 month

Refunds for professional expenses

No

Severance or Severance Benefits

No

Conventional Break Allowances

No

Allowances for paid leave

No

End-of-Mission Allowance (Precarious Pay)

No

Advance or non-compete allowances

No

Social Security Daily Allowances

No