Dispute with the administration: interim relief-suspension
Verified 01 January 2021 - Directorate of Legal and Administrative Information (Prime Minister), Ministry of Justice
Interim relief is an urgent procedure. You can use it to ask the judge to prevent the immediate execution of an administrative decision that you find illegal. The urgent judgment shall be provisional, pending a decision on the merits of the case. The application for interim relief must be addressed to the Administrative Court. You don't have to have a lawyer. The judge decides between a few days and a month.
The application for interim relief allows the execution of a decision taken by the administration to be suspended, which is unfavorable to you.
- Prohibition of a show or demonstration
- Administrative closure of an establishment
- Order to leave the territory for a foreigner
The decision on interim relief-suspension shall be taken by the judge hearing the interim relief. Its effect ceases when the judge has ruled on the merits.
To be able to use the interim order, you must meet the following 3 conditions:
- To have previously filed a request set aside or vary the decision for which you are seeking suspension
- Justify the urgency of suspending the execution of the decision (e.g. an expulsion decision)
- Demonstrate that there are substantial grounds for believing that the decision is unlawful
the urgency is assessed differently according to the situation.
The request shall bear the indication "interim" and specify the following:
- Purpose of the application (e.g. suspension of a building permit decision)
- Statement of Facts
- Arguments showing the illegality of the administrative decision and the urgency of your request
You must attach the following documents to your request:
- Copy of your application for annulment of the decision
- Copy of the decision concerned
The assistance of a lawyer is not mandatory. However, it may be useful to seek advice from a public law lawyer.
Who shall I contact
Répondez aux questions successives et les réponses s’afficheront automatiquement
You can submit your request via the online service Remedy citizens.
Citizens' teleappeal (appeal to the administrative court)
If you wish to file the appeal via the Citizens' Remedies online service, please consult the brochure explaining the procedure to be followed and the documents to be provided.
You must submit the following electronically:
- Query: Identification in the Telemedicine application is equivalent to identification in the query and signature
- Signature of the other applicants, if you file the application on behalf of several persons
- Warrant entered in the Telemedicine application, if you make the request on behalf of a third party
- Attachment files: One file per attachment, with a label that includes a serial number
- Attachment Inventory, with a title that clearly and explicitly describes the contents of each attachment, unless you are using the Automatic Remedy online service Inventory
On the spot
The request may be deposited with the graft of the court concerned. On the envelope, you must specify "Application for interim measures".
The request may be sent to the court registry by post preferably with RAR: titleContent. On the envelope, you must specify "Application for interim measures".
if you are represented by a lawyer, he must use the application Remedy to forward your request.
The request shall be dealt with expeditiously.
The judge may dismiss the application directly by a ordinance rendered without a hearing in the following 2 cases:
- The request is not urgent
- The application is inadmissible or unfounded
In other cases, the judge communicates the request to the administration and to all persons concerned so that they can defend themselves. It shall fix the date and time of the hearing as soon as possible and inform the parties thereof. You can be summoned by any means, including by telephone. The parties may present their arguments at the hearing.
The judge hearing the application for interim measures shall give a decision within 48 hours to 1 month after the hearing. This period may be exceeded if the case so requires.
The order for interim relief is notified without delay. It shall also be notified to the other parties to the case.
The remedies and time limits for appeal shall be set out in the letter of notification of the decision of the judge hearing the application for interim measures.
The call is not possible. However, you can form a appeal on a point of law before the Council of State in the 15 days. The Conseil d’État must take a decision as soon as possible.
Before the Council of State, it is mandatory to have a lawyer.
Who shall I contact
the administration can also appeal to the court of cassation.
- Code of Administrative Justice: Articles L511-1 to L511-2Judge hearing applications for interim measures
- Code of Administrative Justice: Articles L521-1 to L521-4Conditions
- Code of Administrative Justice: Articles L522-1 to L522-3Procedure (nature, course, etc.)
- Code of Administrative Justice: Article L523-1Remedies
- Code of Administrative Justice: Articles R414-6 to R414-11Referral via the Telemedicine application
- Code of Administrative Justice: Articles R522-1 to R522-14Procedure
- Code of Administrative Justice: Articles R523-1 to R523-3Remedies (cassation, time limits, etc.)
- Decree of 9 October 2020 on the use of teleprocedures before the Council of State, the administrative courts of appeal and the administrative courts and other provisions
- Disputes with the administration: administrative appeal, defender of rightsService-Public.fr
- Obligations of the administration vis-à-vis usersService-Public.fr
- Dispute with the administration: application for interim reliefService-Public.fr
- Interim measures of protectionService-Public.fr
- Dispute with the administration: summary recordService-Public.fr
- Dispute with the administration: interim proceedings (or interim proceedings)Service-Public.fr
- Dispute with the administration: interim provisionService-Public.fr
- Conduct of a trial before the Administrative CourtService-Public.fr
- Appeal to the Council of StateService-Public.fr
- Citizens' TelemedicineCouncil of State
- Telemedicine - Telemedicine proceedings before administrative courtsCouncil of State
- In what situations is the use of a lawyer mandatory?Council of State