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What seizures can a judicial officer make?

Verified 28 octobre 2021 - Directorate of Legal and Administrative Information (Prime Minister), Ministry of Justice

The judicial officer can make 2 types of seizures.

  • It may make a seizure related to the obligation to pay, which is intended to fulfil an obligation to pay an amount due.
  • It may make a seizure related to the obligation to make, which is intended to fulfil an obligation to deliver or return property.

Obligation to pay

The judicial officer may make the following seizures:

  • Input-assignment. It consists in seizing from another person the money belonging to the debtor (for example, bank account seizure).
  • Sales Entry. It results in the sale of the debtor's furniture, even if it is held by another person.
  • Vehicle Entry. It involves stopping a vehicle (car, motorcycle) where it is located.
  • Real Estate Entry. It leads to the sale of real estate (house, land), in case of debt important.
  • Preservation Entry. It temporarily prevents the debtor from selling or moving the seized property.
  • Entering intangible rights other than money, such as securities or licences (taxis)
  • Field Harvest Entry
  • Seizure of goods in a safe

Obligation to do

The judicial officer may make the following seizures:

  • apprehension furniture, whether held by the debtor or another person, or deposited in a safe
  • Claim entry, which makes all tangible personal property (furniture, books, car...) unavailable pending delivery to the creditor, if this discount is justified