How do you prove that you are the heir of an estate (certificate, notoriety certificate)?
Verified 22 November 2021 - Directorate for Legal and Administrative Information (Prime Minister)
The rules vary depending on the amount of the estate.
Less than 5000 €
In the case of a succession of less than €5,000, you can prove that you are heir by a certificate signed by all the heirs.
The certificate, signed by all heirs, to justify that you are the heir of an estate.
You can do the following:
- Withdraw amounts from the deceased's bank accounts, up to €5,000, to adjust the protective measures (you must present proof to the financial institution: invoices, funeral purchase orders or tax notices)
- If the total amount of the sums held by the banking institution is less than €5,000to obtain the closure of the accounts of the deceased and the payment of the sums shown therein.
The heir who makes the application to the bank must provide the following documents:
- Signed certificate of all heirs
- Her birth certificate
- Extract of the deceased's birth certificate and full copy of his death certificate
- Marriage certificate of the deceased, if he was married at the time of death
- Extracts from birth certificates of each person entitled to them designated in the certificate
- Certificate of non-registration of provisions of last will. You can obtain this document from the central file of provisions of last will (FCDDV) or from the association for the development of the notary service (ADSN).
Who shall I contact
The heirs must indicate the following information in the certificate:
- There is no will, nor other heirs of the deceased
- There is no marriage contract
- The person presenting the document shall be authorized to collect, on behalf of the heirs, the sums appearing in the accounts of the deceased or to close them
- There are no ongoing trials or challenges regarding the identification of an heir or the composition of the estate
- The estate does not include any real estate
All heirs must sign the certificate.
You must pay for the production of the certificate of non-registration of last-will provisions. You can pay by check, or by credit card in case of online request.
The price varies depending on where you request it.
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From France (metropolis)
Polling the FCDDV costs €18.
From a Dom
Polling the FCDDV costs €16.28.
From the foreigner
Polling the FCDDV costs €15.
€5,000 or more
In the case of a succession greater than €5,000, you must ask the notary to draw up a notoriety certificate to prove that you are an heir.
The brand name action allows you to:
- Steps where you have to justify that you are well heir carte grise (e.g. to change the holder of a vehicle's
- Unfreeze sums from the deceased's bank accounts in excess of €5,000.
The public profile document shall contain the following information:
- Identity of the deceased
- Whether or not there are special provisions for inheritance (e.g. a will or a gift between spouses)
- Affiliation and degree of kinship of each heir to the deceased
- Share of each of the heirs
- Signed agreement of the heirs to collect the estate of the deceased
You must speak to a notary.
Who shall I contact
The establishment of an act costs €57.69 (€69.23 TTC).
Other charges may be added, including emoluments formalities and/or registration fees. You can ask the notary for a detailed written estimate of the amount of fees to be paid or a statement of estimates of the cost of the operation.
- Civil Code: Articles 730 to 730-5Proof of heir status (deed of notoriety)
- Monetary and Financial Code: Articles L312-1-1 to L312-1-8Proof of the status of heir by signed attestation of all heirs (Article L312-1-4 )
- Commercial Code: Articles A444-53 to A444-58Rates of notaries
- Order of 7 May 2015 on the maximum amount of the accounts of the deceased to carry out certain operations related to the succession on presentation of a certificate from all the heirs
- Circular of 19 February 2015 on the Law on the modernization and simplification of law and procedures in the fields of Justice and Home Affairs (PDF - 200.7 KB)
- Querying the file of wills