Do you have to live in France to receive family benefits?

Verified 16 November 2023 - Legal and Administrative Information Directorate (Prime Minister)

Yes, in order to be entitled to family benefits (examples: family allowances, back-to-school allowance), you must be a stable resident of France.

You must be in one of the following situations:

  • Have your habitual residence in France
  • Staying in France for more than 6 months (consecutive or not) during thecalendar year payment of benefits.

Residence in France can be proven by any means.


There's no no nationality requirement. The persons of foreign nationality are entitled to family benefits under certain conditions.

However, exceptionally, you may be entitled to family benefits even in the absence of residence in France, if a Community regulation or an international convention so provides.

You can find out more from the Center for European and International Social Security Liaison (Cleiss).

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