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Young person aged 15 to 18 in business: prohibited work and regulated work

Verified 30 June 2020 - Directorate for Legal and Administrative Information (Prime Minister)

A young person under the age of 18 may not carry out work that poses a risk to his health or safety. However, for the purposes of his training, he may be employed in certain regulated work. Skilled or qualified youth, in training or not, may also perform some of these tasks.

A young person between 15 and 18 years of age, employed or in vocational training, may not perform work exposing him to acts or representations of a pornographic or violent nature.

A young person between the ages of 15 and 18, employed or in vocational training, cannot perform work that poses a risk to his health.

However, the young person in vocational training may perform some of these tasks if his employer or head of establishment makes a declaration of exemption to the labor inspectorate.

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Dangerous chemicals

A youth may not perform work involving the preparation, use, handling or exposure to chemical agents (e.g. benzene, methanol, acetone). This prohibition also applies to exposure to asbestos dust from level 1 to 3.

However, if the employer or head of establishment makes a declaration of exemption to the Labor Inspectorate, the young person undergoing vocational training may perform some of the work. This derogation also concerns exposure to level 1 asbestos dust.

This is called work regulated..

Such declaration may be addressed by letter RAR: titleContent.. It is valid for 3 years and can be renewed every 3 years.

Such regulated work, which is normally prohibited, is less dangerous and may be subject to derogations for the purposes of the young person's vocational training. They are aimed in particular at young people who are in one of the following situations:

  • Learning
  • In a professionalization contract
  • In CAP: titleContent, professional or technological baccalaureate, technician's certificate
  • In an establishment or a service of help by work

Biological agents

A 15-18 year old, employed or in vocational training, cannot perform work exposing him to certain dangerous biological agents (e.g., carcinogenic biological agents). The areas concerned include hospitals, agricultural and food processing sectors.

Mechanical vibrations

A young person between 15 and 18 years of age, employed or in vocational training, cannot perform work exposing him to a level of vibration:

  • 2,5 per meter/second² per day for hand and arm vibrations,
  • 0.5 per meter/second² per day for vibrations transmitted to the whole body.

These include, for example, the use of picker hammers or construction equipment.

Radiation

A young person between the ages of 15 and 18, employed or in vocational training, cannot perform work that exposes him to certain radiation.

These are:

  • ionizing radiation classified in category A (e.g. 6 millisievert per year) or B (e.g. more than 1 millisievert per year),
  • artificial optical radiation,
  • electromagnetic fields.

However, it is possible to derogate from this prohibition for category B radiation.

Hyperbaric medium

A young person cannot perform work in hyperbaric medium Classes I, II and III.

However, if the employer or head of establishment makes a declaration of exemption to the labor inspectorate, the young person in training may carry out work in these classes.

This is called work regulated..

Such declaration may be addressed by letter RAR: titleContent.. It is valid for 3 years and can be renewed every 3 years.

Such regulated work, which is normally prohibited, is less dangerous and may be subject to derogations for the purposes of the young person's vocational training. They are aimed in particular at young people who are in one of the following situations:

  • Learning
  • In a professionalization contract
  • In CAP: titleContent, professional or technological baccalaureate, technician's certificate
  • In an establishment or a service of help by work

Extreme temperatures

A young person may not perform work that exposes him to an extreme temperature that may be harmful to health (e.g. outdoor work on construction sites).

Please note

if the young person has the diploma or professional designation corresponding to the activity he or she is engaged in, he or she may perform the regulated work of his or her profession, after obtaining medical advice.

A young person between the ages of 15 and 18, employed or in vocational training, cannot perform work that poses a risk to his safety.

However, a young person undergoing vocational training may perform some of these tasks if his employer or head of establishment makes a declaration of exemption to the labor inspectorate.

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Collapse and burial

A young person cannot carry out demolition, trenching, with risks of collapse and burial (shielding, excavation, galleries, shoring).

Pressure apparatus

Young people are prohibited from carrying out work involving handling, monitoring, control and intervention on pressure vessels (e.g. compressors).

However, if the employer or head of establishment makes a declaration of exemption to the labor inspectorate, the young person vocational training can perform these operations.

This is called work regulated..

Such declaration may be addressed by letter RAR: titleContent.. It is valid for 3 years and can be renewed every 3 years.

Such regulated work, which is normally prohibited, is less dangerous and may be subject to derogations for the purposes of the young person's vocational training. They are aimed in particular at young people who are in one of the following situations:

  • Learning
  • In a professionalization contract
  • In CAP: titleContent, professional or technological baccalaureate, technician's certificate
  • In an establishment or a service of help by work

Confined environment

A young person cannot carry out operations in a confined environment (wells, gas pipes, etc.) or requiring the inspection, maintenance of the interior of tanks, tanks, tanks and tanks.

However, if the employer or head of establishment makes a declaration of exemption to the labor inspectorate, the young person vocational training can perform these operations.

This is called work regulated..

Such declaration may be addressed by letter RAR: titleContent.. It is valid for 3 years and can be renewed every 3 years.

Such regulated work, which is normally prohibited, is less dangerous and may be subject to derogations for the purposes of the young person's vocational training. They are aimed in particular at young people who are in one of the following situations:

  • Learning
  • In a professionalization contract
  • In CAP: titleContent, professional or technological baccalaureate, technician's certificate
  • In an establishment or a service of help by work

Work in contact with molten glass or metal

A young person may not carry out glass casting or molten metal casting.

It is also not possible to allow it to enter the premises assigned to this work in the usual manner.

However, if the employer or head of establishment makes a declaration of exemption to the labor inspectorate, the young person vocational training can perform these tasks.

This is called work regulated..

Such declaration may be addressed by letter RAR: titleContent.. It is valid for 3 years and can be renewed every 3 years.

Such regulated work, which is normally prohibited, is less dangerous and may be subject to derogations for the purposes of the young person's vocational training. They are aimed in particular at young people who are in one of the following situations:

  • Learning
  • In a professionalization contract
  • In CAP: titleContent, professional or technological baccalaureate, technician's certificate
  • In an establishment or a service of help by work

Manual Handling

After a medical fitness notice, a young worker can carry out manual handling of loads of more than 20% of his weight.

Electrical hazards

A young person between 15 and 18 years of age, employed or in vocational training, cannot perform work with electrical risks.

The young person holding an electrical work authorization may perform operations on or work near electrical installations, within the limits of the authorization.

With a declaration of exemption made by his employer or head of establishment, the young person vocational training can unattended access to a premises, location or construction site. In this case, it must be very low voltage installations.

This is called work regulated..

Such declaration may be addressed by letter RAR: titleContent.. It is valid for 3 years and can be renewed every 3 years.

Such regulated work, which is normally prohibited, is less dangerous and may be subject to derogations for the purposes of the young person's vocational training. They are aimed in particular at young people who are in one of the following situations:

  • Learning
  • In a professionalization contract
  • In CAP: titleContent, professional or technological baccalaureate, technician's certificate
  • In an establishment or a service of help by work

Working with machines

A young person between the ages of 15 and 18, employed or in vocational training, may not engage in activities requiring the use or maintenance of certain machines (e.g. sawing machines). It also cannot perform maintenance work when it cannot be performed at standstill.

He may not drive the following vehicles:

  • Motor quadricycles and agricultural or forestry tractors without roll-over protection
  • Construction machinery or lifting apparatus.

The employer or the head of establishment may request a waiver from the labor inspection to use these work equipment by the young person in vocational training..

However, the driving of construction machinery or lifting equipment requires specific training and driving authorization.

This is called work regulated..

Such declaration may be addressed by letter RAR: titleContent.. It is valid for 3 years and can be renewed every 3 years.

Such regulated work, which is normally prohibited, is less dangerous and may be subject to derogations for the purposes of the young person's vocational training. They are aimed in particular at young people who are in one of the following situations:

  • Learning
  • In a professionalization contract
  • In CAP: titleContent, professional or technological baccalaureate, technician's certificate
  • In an establishment or a service of help by work

Height work

A 15 to 18 year old, employed or in vocational training, cannot perform temporary work on height when collective protection measures do not exist against the risk of falling. This prohibition does not apply to the use of ladders, stairs and footsteps.

A young person may not carry out work in height in trees (e.g. pruning).

A young person may not be assigned to the assembly and dismantling of scaffolding.

However, with a declaration of exemption made by his employer or head of establishment to the labor inspectorate, the young person vocational training can do it.

This is called work regulated..

Such declaration may be addressed by letter RAR: titleContent.. It is valid for 3 years and can be renewed every 3 years.

Such regulated work, which is normally prohibited, is less dangerous and may be subject to derogations for the purposes of the young person's vocational training. They are aimed in particular at young people who are in one of the following situations:

  • Learning
  • In a professionalization contract
  • In CAP: titleContent, professional or technological baccalaureate, technician's certificate
  • In an establishment or a service of help by work

Contact with animals

A young person, employed or in vocational training, may not carry out slaughtering, euthanasia or rendering of animals or be in contact with dangerous or poisonous animals.

Please note

if the young person has the diploma or professional designation corresponding to the activity he or she is engaged in, he or she may perform the regulated work of his or her profession, after obtaining medical advice.

The young person under 18 may work on Sundays when the company has a derogation from this title.

It does not apply in the case of urgent work (accident prevention, troubleshooting, rescue measures) or work on cleaning industrial premises and maintenance.

In the event of derogation, the minimum rest period shall be 2 consecutive days or 36 consecutive hours if a collective agreement so provides.

It is also possible to have apprentices working on Sundays in sectors for which the particular characteristics of the activity justify it.

The sectors are:

  • Hotels
  • Restore
  • Caterers and reception organizers
  • Coffee, tobacco and drink
  • Bakery
  • Pastry
  • Butcher
  • Charcuterie
  • Cheese dairy
  • Fish
  • Stores selling natural flowers, gardening and grain stores

This work authorization for apprentices on Sunday also applies to certain establishments in other sectors. They mainly manufacture food products intended for immediate consumption or whose exclusive activity is the retail sale of food.