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Social housing or private housing: what differences for the tenant?

Verified 05 juillet 2021 - Legal and Administrative Information Directorate (Prime Minister)

The differences between social and private housing are mainly the criteria for becoming a tenant, the amount of rent and the duration of the lease.

Main differences between social and private housing

Lease steps

Social housing

Private accommodation

Housing lease

Good mobility

Vacant rented accommodation

Furnished rented accommodation

Furnished rented accommodation

Access conditions

The applicant's income must be less than maximum amount.

Some applicants are considered as priorities.

No criteria.

The landlord freely chooses the tenant.

But he should not commit discrimination.

No criteria.

The landlord freely chooses the tenant.

But he should not commit discrimination.

The tenant must be in one of the following situations:

- Vocational training

- Higher education

- Learning contract

- Stage

- Voluntary service

- Professional Migration

- Temporary mission in the context of professional activity

Request for accommodation

One application unique.

A folder per unit.

Of fee can be shared between the landlord and the tenant when the landlord uses a real estate agent.

A folder per unit.

Of fee can be shared between the landlord and the tenant when the landlord uses a real estate agent.

One file per dwelling.

Of fee can be shared between the landlord and the tenant when the landlord uses a real estate agent.

Recourse in the event of failure to obtain the desired accommodation

The applicant may right to housing.

None, unless it is possible to prove that there has been discrimination.

None, unless it is possible to prove that there has been discrimination.

None, unless it is possible to prove that there has been discrimination.

Rent fixing

The amount rent is regulated.

Depending on the municipality where the accommodation is located, the rent is free or framed.

Depending on the municipality where the accommodation is located, the rent is free or framed.

Depending on the municipality where the accommodation is located, the rent is free or framed.

Rent Review

The rent review is possible annually based on the rent reference index (LRI).

If a clause of the lease so provides, rent may be revised annually (depending on the variation ofIRL)

If a clause of the lease so provides, rent may be revised annually (depending on the variation ofIRL)

The rent cannot be revised during the lease.

Lease duration

Undetermined.

The tenant has right to remain

Minimum 3 years

- Minimum 1 year

- But, when the tenant is a student, minimum 9 months.

1 month to 10 months maximum

End Lease

By tenant

Give leave to lessor and meet 3 months (or 1 month) notice

Give leave to owner and meet 3 months or one month notice period, depending on the circumstances

Give leave to owner and meet one month notice

Give leave to owner and meet one month notice

By Owner/Lessor

At any time, when:

- the tenant's income exceeds the maximum allowed

- or the accommodation is under-occupied

- or the accommodation is unoccupied

- or the accommodation is inadequate (too large)

- or the accommodation was transferred by the tenant

- or through the fault of the tenant (unpaid, neighbourhood disorder...)

- Leasing, if the tenant is at fault (unpaid, neighbourhood disorder)

- At lease maturity, to live in the dwelling or house a relative, or sell the dwelling.

You must give the tenant a holiday and respect a minimum notice period of 6 months.

- Leasing, if the tenant is at fault (unpaid, neighbourhood disorder)

At lease maturity, to live in the dwelling, or to house a relative, or to sell the dwelling.

You must give the tenant a holiday and respect a minimum notice period of 3 months.

- In the course of the lease, in case of serious fault of the tenant (unpaid, neighbourhood disorder)

- maturity of the lease, without any steps to take.

  FYI : there are privately owned (privately owned) rented units for which the tenant must meet a resource limit: the Anah apartments.