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What is the framework for the rents to be respected in tense areas?

Verified 01 November 2022 - Directorate for Legal and Administrative Information (Prime Minister)

The rent framework sets a limit on the rent fixed by the owner of a rented dwelling with a residential lease (including mobility lease). It shall apply in municipalities located in stretched area.

You can check if your municipality is in a tense zone using this simulator:

Check that a housing is in a tense area

It exists 2 types of rent guidelines ::

  • the rules that apply in most municipalities of stretched areas
  • specific rules (in particular rent supplement, the lower and higher reference rents applicable to Paris, Lille, Hellemmes, Lomme Common plain, Lyon and Villeurbanne Is TogetherMontpellier (since 1to July 2022) and Bordeaux (since 15 July 2022). Failure to comply with these rules may result in a fine of up to €5 000 (or €15,000 in the case of a legal person).

Tense Area

Some of the accommodation units are not affected by the rent guidelines, as they are subject to other rules. It's about units subject to the 1948 act or agreed by Anah (excluding intermediate rent agreements), social housing (HLM), tourist furniture and sub-leases.

When the accommodation is rented for the 1re The landlord freely fixes the amount of the rent.

The owner review rent 1 time per year, provided that this is provided for in the lease.

Warning  

  • In mainland France, where the lease has been signed since August 24, 2022 and concerns accommodation classified F or G (classification indicated on the DPE: titleContent), it is forbidden to revise the rent.
  • In Guadeloupe, Martinique, French Guiana, La Réunion and Mayotte, when the lease is signed after the 1to July 2024 and concerns accommodation classified F or G (classification indicated on the DPE: titleContent), it is forbidden to revise the rent.

When the rent is undervalued relative to the market price, the landlord may increase the rent at the renewal of the lease, under certain conditions. But it has to do it within certain rules.

Warning  

a mobility lease cannot be renewed.

The amount of rent applied to the last tenant must be shown in the lease.

The landlord can increase this rent in only some cases.

The date of signing of the lease is decisive:

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Lease signed since August 24, 2022

Rent not revised in the last 12 months

If no revision has occurred in the past 12 months, the landlord may increase the rent of the annual variation of IRL published on the date of signature of the new lease.

Warning  

  • In mainland France, where the lease concerns accommodation classified F or G (class indicated on the DPE: titleContent), it is forbidden to revise the rent.
  • In Guadeloupe, Martinique, French Guiana, La Réunion and Mayotte, the landlord freely fixes the amount of the rent, regardless of the class of accommodation indicated on the DPE: titleContent. This rule is valid until 1to July 2024.

Work carried out since the departure of the former tenant
Work not less than 50% of the last year of rent

The new rent can be increased when the landlord has financed improvement work (excluding energy-saving work that resulted in a rent increase for reduction of charges) or work that was standards of decency

This work shall:

  • Have been carried out since the departure of the last tenant, in the common or private areas
  • And be at least 50% of the last year of rent (excluding charges)

If these conditions are met, the annual rent charged with the previous tenant may be increased by 15% of the amount of the work TTC: titleContent.

Warning  

  • In mainland France, where the lease concerns accommodation classified F or G (class indicated on the DPE: titleContent), it is forbidden to increase the rent.
  • In Guadeloupe, Martinique, French Guiana, La Réunion and Mayotte, the landlord can increase the rent, regardless of the class of accommodation indicated on the DPE: titleContent. This rule is valid until 1to July 2024.

Work not less than the last year of rent

The new rent is freely fixed when the following 2 conditions are met:

  • Of improvement work have been done for less than 6 months
  • The amount of such work shall be at least equal to the last year of rent

Warning  

  • In mainland France, where the lease concerns accommodation classified F or G (class indicated on the DPE: titleContent), it is forbidden to increase the rent.
  • In Guadeloupe, Martinique, French Guiana, La Réunion and Mayotte, the landlord can increase the rent, regardless of the class of accommodation indicated on the DPE: titleContent. This rule is valid until 1to July 2024.

Old undervalued rent

When the rent applied to the former tenant is clearly undervalued, the landlord can increase the rent.

FYI  

It is possible to estimate the undervaluation of rent based on rents usually found for comparable housing in the same geographic area.

But the increase in rent must not exceed 50% of the difference between the following 2 sums:

  • Amount of rent determined by reference to rents in the neighbourhood for comparable housing
  • Last rent applied to the previous tenant, possibly revised on the IRL if this has not been done in the last 12 months

Warning  

  • In mainland France, where the lease concerns accommodation classified F or G (class indicated on the DPE: titleContent), it is forbidden to increase the obviously undervalued rent.
  • In Guadeloupe, Martinique, French Guiana, La Réunion and Mayotte, the landlord can increase rent that is clearly undervalued, regardless of the class of accommodation indicated on the DPE: titleContent. This rule is valid until 1to July 2024.

Lease signed before August 24, 2022

Rent not revised in the last 12 months

If no revision has occurred in the past 12 months, the landlord may increase the rent of the annual variation of IRL published on the date of signature of the new lease.

Work carried out since the departure of the former tenant
Work not less than 50% of the last year of rent

The new rent may be increased when the following 2 conditions are met:

  • The owner financed improvement work (excluding energy-saving work that resulted in a rent increase for reduction of charges) or work that was standards of decency
  • When the housing is located in the metropolis, its primary energy consumption is less than 331 kWh per m2 and per year. An energy performance diagnosis less than 4 years old must attest to this.

This work shall:

  • have been carried out since the departure of the last tenant, in the common or private areas
  • be at least 50% of the last year of rent (excluding charges)

If these conditions are met, the annual rent charged with the previous tenant may be increased by 15% of the amount of the work TTC: titleContent.

Work not less than the last year of rent

The new rent is freely fixed when the following 3 conditions are met:

  • Of improvement work have been done for less than 6 months
  • The amount of such work shall be at least equal to the last year of rent
  • When the housing is located in the metropolis, its primary energy consumption is less than 331 kWh per m2 and per year. An energy performance diagnosis less than 4 years old must attest to this.
Old undervalued rent

It is possible to increase the rent applied to the former tenant when the following 2 conditions are met:

  • This rent is undervalued. It is possible to estimate the undervaluation of rent based on rents usually found for comparable housing in the same geographic area.
  • When the housing is located in the metropolis, its primary energy consumption is less than 331 kWh per m2 and per year. An energy performance diagnosis less than 4 years old must attest to this.

When these 2 conditions are met, the rent can be increased. However, the increase in rent must not exceed 50% of the difference between the following 2 sums:

  • Amount of rent determined by reference to rents in the neighbourhood for comparable housing
  • Last rent applied to the previous tenant, possibly revised on the IRL if this has not been done in the last 12 months

The rule to apply depends on the date the lease was signed:

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Lease signed since August 24, 2022

In mainland France, the landlord freely fixes the rent of a dwelling classified A, B, C, D or E. But the rent of a dwelling classified F or G must not be higher than the last rent applied to the previous tenant.

FYI  

In addition, the landlord freely fixes the amount of the rent, regardless of the class of the dwelling. This rule is valid until 1to July 2024.

Lease signed before August 24, 2022

The landlord freely fixes the rent.

Paris

In Paris, the rent of a dwelling whose lease is signed or renewed since 1to July 2019 is framed by reference rents.

These amounts vary according to the type of rental (empty or furnished), the number of rooms and the time of construction of the dwelling.

Some of the accommodation units are not affected by the rent guidelines, as they are subject to other rules. It's about units subject to the 1948 act or agreed by Anah (excluding intermediate rent agreements), social housing (HLM), tourist furniture and sub-leases.

Basic Rent

The basic rent (amount of rent excluding charges and excluding rent supplement) shall not exceed reference rent increased effective on the date of signature of the lease.

FYI  

you can find out the reference rent increased using this simulator.

If basic rent exceeds reference rent increased, the tenant can request a rent reduction from the landlord (rent reduction action).

The tenant can send this proposal to the owner:

  • Either by registered letter with acknowledgement
  • Either by act of the Commissioner of Justice (formerly act of the judicial officer)
  • Either hand-delivered against receipt or outflow

The proposal shall contain the following elements:

FYI  

The lease must indicate:

  • The basic rent (amount of rent excluding charges and excluding rent supplement),
  • The reference rent and reference rent increased effective on the date of signature of the lease and corresponding to the category of the accommodation (location, number of rooms...).

If this is not the case, the tenant has 1 month from the effective date of the lease to send to the owner by registered mail with acknowledgement of receipt a notice to do it.

The landlord has 1 month to respond from the date of receipt of the tenant's proposal.

In the absence of a reply or in the event of the owner's refusal within this time limit, the tenant may enter the protection litigation judge the court on which the house depends, to get a reduction of the rent, if necessary.

Rent supplement

Terms

The landlord may apply a rent supplement if the following 2 conditions are met:

  • The accommodation has special characteristics (location, comfort)
  • The basic rent (excluding expenses) is equal to reference rent increased

Warning  

For a lease signed since August 18, 2022, rent supplement is not allowed if the housing has at least 1 of these characteristics: sanitary on the landing, signs of humidity on some walls, DPE: titleContent Class F or G, windows letting the air through (without ventilation grid), vis-à-vis less than 10 m, infiltration or flooding coming from the outside, problems of water evacuation during the last 3 months, degraded electrical installation, poor exposure of the main room.

If a rent supplement applies, the rent is equal to the sum of the basic rent and the rent supplement.

The amount of the rent supplement and the housing characteristics that justify it must be indicated in the lease.

Protest

The tenant may contest the rent supplement by first seizing the departmental conciliation board within 3 months from the date of signature of the lease. It is up to the landlord to prove that the rent supplement is justified.

If the Conciliation Commission reaches an agreement, the amount of the rent shall be that fixed by the conciliation document issued by the Commission. This new amount applies from the effective date of the lease.

But if the disagreement persists, the tenant has 3 months from the receipt of the opinion of the commission to ask, protection litigation judge of the court on which the dwelling depends, to cancel or reduce the rent supplement. The amount of rent fixed by the judge's decision shall apply from the date of entry into force of the lease.

FYI  

in case mobility lease, prior recourse to the conciliation board is not possible. However, it is possible to appeal to judicial conciliator.

Warning  

a mobility lease cannot be renewed.

As the lease renewal approaches:

  • When the basic rent (excluding charges and excluding rent supplement) is less than reference rent reduced, the owner may share in rent revaluation,
  • When the basic rent is higher than reference rent increased, the tenant may rent reduction action.

Please note

it is possible to know the reference rents.

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Share in rent revaluation

What are the conditions?
  • The new rent (excluding charges and excluding rent supplement) must not be greater than reference rent reduced in effect at the time the landlord informs the tenant. It is possible to know the reference rents.
  • Where the renewal takes place from 24 August 2022, the accommodation shall be classified as A, B, C, D or E (as indicated on the DPE: titleContent). From this date, the rent of a housing classified F or G cannot be increased.
How do I inform the tenant?

The landlord must inform the tenant of the new rent, at least 6 months before the end of the lease.

The owner must send him a notification ::

  • Either by registered letter with acknowledgement
  • Either by act of the Commissioner of Justice (formerly act of the judicial officer)
  • Either by hand-in-hand against receipt or outflow

This notification must contain the following:

FYI  

when the owner commits rent revaluation share, he cannot give his notice (leave) to the tenant for the lease term.

How to challenge?

Tenant may challenge the share for rent revaluation.

To do this, he must provide the landlord with 6 rental references of comparable housing, located:

  • Or in the same group of buildings
  • In any other group of buildings with similar characteristics and located in the same geographical area

Please note

these rent references are available on the the observatoire des rents en agglomération parisienne.

In case of disagreement or in the absence of a response from the tenant or the owner to the request for a revaluation of the rent, either must enter, 4 months before the end of the lease, the Departmental Conciliation Commission (CDC).

If the disagreement persists despite the action of the CDC, the protection litigation judge can be entered before the end of the lease.

Warning  

if the judge is not seized before the end of the lease, the lease is renewed under the previous terms of the rent. However, if the old rent has not been revised in the previous 12 months, the landlord may revise to fix the new rent.

How do I apply the new rent?

When a new rent is decided by the tenant and landlord or by the judge, it applies gradually from the renewal of the lease.

The rent increase is spread out:

  • For a 3-year lease, 1/3 per year (or 1/6 per year if the rent increase is greater than 10%)
  • For a 6-year lease, 1/6 per year

Example :

For a lease is 3 years, the last monthly rent (excluding charges and excluding rent supplement) applied to the tenant before the renewal of the lease is €600 and the new rent is €650 ::

  • The increase to be applied is €50 monthly
  • This increase is less than 10% of the rent, because 600 X 10% = €60, then its application will be 1/3 per year.
  • Monthly rent will be increased on the 1re year €16.67 per month €50 x 1/3 = €16.67 ), then 2e year €33.33 per month €50 x 2/3 = €33.33), and 3e year €50 per month.

However, the proposed increase shall not exceed the greater of the following 2 limits:

  • 50% the difference between the rent corresponding to the rents charged in the neighbourhood for comparable housing and the last rent applied to the tenant before the renewal of the lease (possibly revised if this had not been done within the last 12 months)
  • An increase in the annual rent equal to 15% the actual cost of work done since the last renewal of the lease (improvement work or upgrading work), where the amount of such work is at least equal to the amount of the last year of rent.

Action on rent reduction

If the basic rent (excluding charges and excluding rent supplement) included in the lease is greater than the reference rent plus, the tenant can ask the landlord for a reduction in the basic rent.

The following 2 conditions must be met:

  • The tenant applies at least 5 months before the lease term
  • The increased reference rent taken into consideration is that in force on the date of application

Please note

it is possible to know the reference rents.

The tenant must address his written request to the owner:

  • Either by registered letter with acknowledgement
  • Either by deed of the Commissioner of Justice
  • Either by hand-in-hand against receipt or outflow

The application must contain the following:

If the landlord refuses, or does not respond to the tenant, the tenant must enter the Departmental Conciliation Commission (CDC) no later than 4 months before the lease expires.

If no agreement is reached in spite of the action taken by the CDC, the tenant may seize the protection litigation judge before the lease expires.

Warning  

if the tenant does not refer the matter to the judge within that time, the lease shall be renewed under the previous conditions of the rent. If the old rent has not been revised in the previous 12 months, the landlord may revise.

Basic Rent

Basic rent (excluding charges and excluding rent supplement) of a dwelling which has been returned to the market after less than 18 months of inoccupation may be increased only in certain cases:

But the new basic rent must not exceed reference rent increased effective on the date of signature of the lease.

It is possible to know the reference rent increased by this simulator.

Warning  

Where the lease is signed from 24 August 2022 and concerns accommodation of Class F or G (class indicated on the DPE: titleContent), basic rent must not exceed the rent applied to the previous tenant.

Rent not revised

The amount of the new rent must not exceed the amount of the last rent applied to the previous tenant.

However, it may be increased by the annual variation of IRL published on the date of signature of the new lease, if none review has not taken place in the past 12 months.

In all cases, the new rent must not exceed reference rent increased effective on the date of signature of the lease.

Please note

you can find out the reference rents increased using this simulator.

If the new rent exceeds reference rent increased effective on the date of signing of the lease, the tenant may dispute by sending a letter with acknowledgement of receipt to the owner (recommended procedure).

If it fails, it must enter the departmental conciliation board on which the house depends. This procedure is free of charge and obligatory in order to be able to refer the matter to the judge.

If the intervention of the commission results in a failure, the tenant may refer the matter to the protection litigation judge of the court on which the dwelling depends.

Warning  

the amount of rent applied to the last tenant must be entered in the lease.

Work

Amount of work not less than 50% of last year of rent

Terms

The new rent may be higher than the last rent applied to the previous tenant, if the landlord has financed work.

This work can be 

  • of improvement work (excluding energy-saving work that resulted in a rent increase for cost reduction)
  • or work on standards of decency.

This work must 

  • have been carried out (in common or private areas) since the departure of the last tenant
  • and be at least 50% of the last year of rent (excluding charges).
What new rent to set?

If these conditions are met, the annual rent charged to the previous tenant may be increased:

  • an amount equal to 15 % of the amount of the work, including VAT,
  • within reference rent increased effective on the date of signature of the lease.

Please note

you can find out the reference rents increased using this simulator.

How to challenge?

If the new rent exceeds reference rent increased effective on the date of signing of the lease, the tenant may dispute by sending a letter with acknowledgement of receipt to the owner (recommended procedure).

If it fails, it must enter the departmental conciliation board on which the house depends. This procedure is free of charge and obligatory in order to be able to refer the matter to the judge.

If the intervention of the commission results in a failure, the tenant may refer the matter to the protection litigation judge of the court on which the dwelling depends.

Amount of work at least equal to last year of rent

What new rent to set?

The new rent may be higher than the last rent applied to the previous tenant if improvement work have been 

  • less than 6 months
  • and for an amount at least equal to the last year of rent.

But the new rent cannot exceed reference rent increased effective on the date of signature of the lease.

Please note

you can find out the reference rents increased using this simulator.

How to challenge?

If the new rent exceeds reference rent increased effective on the date of signing of the lease, the tenant may dispute by sending a letter with acknowledgement of receipt to the owner (recommended procedure).

If it fails, it must enter the departmental conciliation board on which the house depends. This procedure is free of charge and obligatory in order to be able to refer the matter to the judge.

If the intervention of the commission results in a failure, the tenant may refer the matter to the protection litigation judge of the court on which the dwelling depends.

Underpriced Rent

If the rent charged to the former tenant was undervalued, the new rent can be increased.

How do I know if the old rent is undervalued?

It is possible to estimate the undervaluation of rent based on rents usually found for comparable housing in the same geographic area.

Please note

these rent references are available on the the observatoire des rents en agglomération parisienne.

How do I set the new rent?

The following 2 rules must be followed:

1re rule, the increase in rent shall not exceed 50 % of the difference between the following amounts:

  • Amount of rent determined by reference to rents in the neighbourhood for comparable housing
  • Last rent applied to the previous tenant, possibly revised on the IRL if this has not been done in the last 12 months

2e rule, the new rent may not exceed reference rent increased effective on the date of signature of the lease.

Please note

you can find out the reference rents increased using this simulator.

How can I contest the new rent?

If the new rent exceeds reference rent increased effective on the date of signing of the lease, the tenant may dispute by sending a letter with acknowledgement of receipt to the owner (recommended procedure).

If it fails, it must enter the departmental conciliation board on which the house depends. This procedure is free of charge and obligatory in order to be able to refer the matter to the judge.

If the intervention of the commission results in a failure, the tenant may refer the matter to the protection litigation judge of the court on which the dwelling depends.

Rent supplement

Terms

The landlord may apply a rent supplement if the following 2 conditions are met:

  • The accommodation has special characteristics (location, comfort)
  • The basic rent (excluding expenses) is equal to reference rent increased

Warning  

For a lease signed since August 18, 2022, rent supplement is not allowed if the housing has at least 1 of these characteristics: sanitary on the landing, signs of humidity on some walls, DPE: titleContent Class F or G, windows letting the air through (without ventilation grid), vis-à-vis less than 10 m, infiltration or flooding coming from the outside, problems of water evacuation during the last 3 months, degraded electrical installation, poor exposure of the main room.

If a rent supplement applies, the rent is equal to the sum of the basic rent and the rent supplement.

The amount of the rent supplement and the housing characteristics that justify it must be indicated in the lease.

Protest

The tenant may contest the rent supplement by first seizing the departmental conciliation board within 3 months from the date of signature of the lease. It is up to the landlord to prove that the rent supplement is justified.

If the Conciliation Commission reaches an agreement, the amount of the rent shall be that fixed by the conciliation document issued by the Commission. This new amount applies from the effective date of the lease.

But if the disagreement persists, the tenant has 3 months from the receipt of the opinion of the commission to ask, protection litigation judge of the court on which the dwelling depends, to cancel or reduce the rent supplement. The amount of rent fixed by the judge's decision shall apply from the date of entry into force of the lease.

FYI  

in case mobility lease, prior recourse to the conciliation board is not possible. However, it is possible to appeal to judicial conciliator.

Basic Rent

The basic rent (amount of rent excluding charges and excluding rent supplement) shall not exceed reference rent increased effective on the date of signature of the lease.

Warning  

Where the lease is signed from 24 August 2022 and concerns accommodation of Class F or G (class indicated on the DPE: titleContent), basic rent must not exceed the rent applied to the previous tenant.

It is possible to know the reference rent increased by this simulator.

If basic rent exceeds reference rent increased, the tenant can request a rent reduction from the landlord (rent reduction action).

The tenant can send this proposal to the owner:

  • Either by registered letter with acknowledgement
  • Either by act of the Commissioner of Justice (formerly act of the judicial officer)
  • Either hand-delivered against receipt or outflow

The proposal shall contain the following elements:

FYI  

The lease must indicate:

  • The basic rent (amount of rent excluding charges and excluding rent supplement),
  • The reference rent and reference rent increased in force on the date of signature of the lease and which correspond to the category of the accommodation (location, number of rooms...).

If this is not the case, the tenant has 1 month from the effective date of the lease to send to the owner by registered mail with acknowledgement of receipt a notice to do it.

The landlord has 1 month to respond from the date of receipt of the tenant's proposal.

In the absence of a reply or in the event of the owner's refusal within this time limit, the tenant may enter the protection litigation judge the court on which the house depends, to get a reduction of the rent, if necessary.

Rent supplement

Terms

The landlord may apply a rent supplement if the following 2 conditions are met:

  • The accommodation has special characteristics (location, comfort)
  • The basic rent (excluding expenses) is equal to reference rent increased

Warning  

For a lease signed since August 18, 2022, rent supplement is not allowed if the housing has at least 1 of these characteristics: sanitary on the landing, signs of humidity on some walls, DPE: titleContent Class F or G, windows letting the air through (without ventilation grid), vis-à-vis less than 10 m, infiltration or flooding coming from the outside, problems of water evacuation during the last 3 months, degraded electrical installation, poor exposure of the main room.

If a rent supplement applies, the rent is equal to the sum of the basic rent and the rent supplement.

The amount of the rent supplement and the housing characteristics that justify it must be indicated in the lease.

Protest

The tenant may contest the rent supplement by first seizing the departmental conciliation board within 3 months from the date of signature of the lease. It is up to the landlord to prove that the rent supplement is justified.

If the Conciliation Commission reaches an agreement, the amount of the rent shall be that fixed by the conciliation document issued by the Commission. This new amount applies from the effective date of the lease.

But if the disagreement persists, the tenant has 3 months from the receipt of the opinion of the commission to ask, protection litigation judge of the court on which the dwelling depends, to cancel or reduce the rent supplement. The amount of rent fixed by the judge's decision shall apply from the date of entry into force of the lease.

FYI  

in case mobility lease, prior recourse to the conciliation board is not possible. However, it is possible to appeal to judicial conciliator.

Montpellier

In Montpellier, the rent of a dwelling whose lease is signed or renewed since 1to July 2022 must not exceed a maximum amount. This maximum amount depends on the type of rental (empty or furnished), the number of rooms and the time of construction of the dwelling.

Some of the accommodation units are not affected by the rent guidelines, as they are subject to other rules. It's about units subject to the 1948 act or agreed by Anah (excluding intermediate rent agreements), social housing (HLM), tourist furniture and sub-leases.

Basic Rent

Base Rent Amount

The basic rent (amount of rent excluding charges and excluding rent supplement) shall not exceed reference rent increased effective on the date of signature of the lease.

FYI  

you can find out the reference rents increased using this simulator.

If basic rent exceeds reference rent increased, the tenant can request a rent reduction from the landlord (rent reduction action).

The tenant can send this proposal to the owner:

  • Either by registered letter with acknowledgement
  • Or act of commissioner of justice (formerly act of judicial officer)
  • Either hand-delivered against receipt or outflow

The proposal shall contain the following elements:

Rent Information

The lease must indicate:

  • the basic rent (amount of rent excluding charges and excluding rent supplement),
  • the reference rent and reference rent increased in force on the date of signature of the lease and which correspond to the category of the accommodation (location, number of rooms...).

FYI  

you can find out the reference rents increased using this simulator.

If this is not the case, the tenant has 1 month from the effective date of the lease to send to the owner by registered mail with acknowledgement of receipt a notice to do it.

The landlord has 1 month to respond from the date of receipt of the tenant's proposal.

In the absence of a reply or in the event of the owner's refusal within this time limit, the tenant may enter the protection litigation judge the court on which the house depends, to get a reduction of the rent, if necessary.

Rent supplement

Terms

The landlord may apply a rent supplement if the following 2 conditions are met:

  • The accommodation has special characteristics (location, comfort)
  • The basic rent (excluding expenses) is equal to reference rent increased

Warning  

For a lease signed since August 18, 2022, rent supplement is not allowed if the housing has at least 1 of these characteristics: sanitary on the landing, signs of humidity on some walls, DPE: titleContent Class F or G, windows letting the air through (without ventilation grid), vis-à-vis less than 10 m, infiltration or flooding coming from the outside, problems of water evacuation during the last 3 months, degraded electrical installation, poor exposure of the main room.

If a rent supplement applies, the rent is equal to the sum of the basic rent and the rent supplement.

The amount of the rent supplement and the housing characteristics that justify it must be indicated in the lease.

Protest

The tenant may contest the rent supplement by first seizing the departmental conciliation board within 3 months from the date of signature of the lease. It is up to the landlord to prove that the rent supplement is justified.

If the Conciliation Commission reaches an agreement, the amount of the rent shall be that fixed by the conciliation document issued by the Commission. This new amount applies from the effective date of the lease.

But if the disagreement persists, the tenant has 3 months from the receipt of the opinion of the commission to ask, protection litigation judge of the court on which the dwelling depends, to cancel or reduce the rent supplement. The amount of rent fixed by the judge's decision shall apply from the date of entry into force of the lease.

FYI  

in case mobility lease, prior recourse to the conciliation board is not possible. However, it is possible to appeal to judicial conciliator.

Warning  

a mobility lease cannot be renewed.

As the lease renewal approaches:

  • when the basic rent (excluding charges and excluding rent supplement) is less than reference rent reduced, the owner may share in rent revaluation,
  • where the basic rent is higher than reference rent increased, the tenant may rent reduction action.

FYI  

you can find out the reference rents increased using this simulator.

Répondez aux questions successives et les réponses s’afficheront automatiquement

Share in rent revaluation

What are the conditions?
  • The new rent (excluding charges and excluding rent supplement) must not be greater than reference rent reduced in effect at the time the landlord informs the tenant. It is possible to know the reference rents.
  • Where the renewal takes place from 24 August 2022, the accommodation shall be classified as A, B, C, D or E (as indicated on the DPE: titleContent). From this date, the rent of a housing classified F or G cannot be increased.
How do I inform the tenant?

The landlord must inform the tenant of the new rent, at least 6 months before the end of the lease.

The owner must send him a notification ::

  • Either by registered letter with acknowledgement
  • Or act of commissioner of justice (formerly act of judicial officer)
  • Either by hand-in-hand against receipt or outflow

This notification must contain the following:

FYI  

when the owner commits rent revaluation share, he cannot give his notice (leave) to the tenant for the lease term.

How to challenge?

Tenant may challenge the share for rent revaluation.

To do this, he must provide the landlord with 6 rental references of comparable housing, located:

  • Or in the same group of buildings
  • In any other group of buildings with similar characteristics and located in the same geographical area

Please note

these rent references are available on the rent observatory.

In case of disagreement or in the absence of a response from the tenant or the owner to the request for a revaluation of the rent, either must enter, 4 months before the end of the lease, the Departmental Conciliation Commission (CDC).

If the disagreement persists despite the action of the CDC, the protection litigation judge can be entered before the end of the lease.

Warning  

if the judge is not seized before the end of the lease, the lease is renewed under the previous terms of the rent. However, if the old rent has not been revised in the previous 12 months, the landlord may revise to fix the new rent.

How do I apply the new rent?

When a new rent is decided by the tenant and landlord or by the judge, it applies gradually from the renewal of the lease.

The rent increase is spread out:

  • For a 3-year lease, 1/3 per year (or 1/6 per year if the rent increase is greater than 10%)
  • For a 6-year lease, 1/6 per year

Example :

For a lease is 3 years, the last monthly rent (excluding charges and excluding rent supplement) applied to the tenant before the renewal of the lease is €600 and the new rent is €650 ::

  • The increase to be applied is €50 monthly
  • This increase is less than 10% of rent, car 600 X 10% = €60, then its application will be 1/3 per year.
  • Monthly rent will be increased on the 1re year €16.67 per month €50 x 1/3 = €16.67 ), then 2e year €33.33 per month €50 x 2/3 = €33.33), and 3e year €50 per month.

However, the proposed increase shall not exceed the greater of the following 2 limits:

  • 50% the difference between the rent corresponding to the rents charged in the neighbourhood for comparable housing and the last rent applied to the tenant before the renewal of the lease (possibly revised if this had not been done within the last 12 months)
  • An increase in the annual rent equal to 15% the actual cost of work done since the last renewal of the lease (improvement work or upgrading work), where the amount of such work is at least equal to the amount of the last year of rent.

Action on rent reduction

If the basic rent (excluding charges and excluding rent supplement) included in the lease is greater than the reference rent plus, the tenant can ask the landlord for a reduction in the basic rent.

The following 2 conditions must be met:

  • The tenant applies at least 5 months before the lease term
  • The increased reference rent taken into consideration is that in force on the date of application

FYI  

you can find out the reference rents increased using this simulator.

The tenant must address his written request to the owner:

  • Either by registered letter with acknowledgement
  • Or act of commissioner of justice
  • Either by hand-in-hand against receipt or outflow

The application must contain the following:

If the landlord refuses, or does not respond to the tenant, the tenant must enter the Departmental Conciliation Commission (CDC) no later than 4 months before the lease expires.

If no agreement is reached in spite of the action taken by the CDC, the tenant may seize the protection litigation judge before the lease expires.

Warning  

if the tenant does not refer the matter to the judge within that time, the lease shall be renewed under the previous conditions of the rent. If the old rent has not been revised in the previous 12 months, the landlord may revise.

Basic Rent

Basic rent (excluding charges and excluding rent supplement) of a dwelling which has been returned to the market after less than 18 months of inoccupation may be increased only in certain cases:

But the new basic rent must not exceed reference rent increased effective on the date of signature of the lease.

It is possible to know the reference rent increased by this simulator.

Warning  

Where the lease is signed from 24 August 2022 and concerns accommodation of Class F or G (class indicated on the DPE: titleContent), basic rent must not exceed the rent applied to the previous tenant.

Rent not revised

The amount of the new rent must not exceed the amount of the last rent applied to the previous tenant.

However, it may be increased by the annual variation of IRL published on the date of signature of the new lease, if none review has not taken place in the past 12 months.

In all cases, the new rent must not exceed reference rent increased effective on the date of signature of the lease.

FYI  

you can find out the reference rents increased using this simulator.

If the new rent exceeds reference rent increased effective on the date of signing of the lease, the tenant may dispute by sending a letter with acknowledgement of receipt to the owner (recommended procedure).

If it fails, it must enter the departmental conciliation board on which the house depends. This procedure is free of charge and obligatory in order to be able to refer the matter to the judge.

If the intervention of the commission results in a failure, the tenant may refer the matter to the protection litigation judge of the court on which the dwelling depends.

Warning  

the amount of rent applied to the last tenant must be entered in the lease.

Work

Amount of work not less than 50% of last year of rent

Terms

The new rent may be higher than the last rent applied to the previous tenant, if the landlord has financed work.

This work can be:

  • of improvement work (excluding energy-saving work that resulted in a rent increase for cost reduction)
  • or work on standards of decency.

This work shall:

  • have been carried out (in common or private areas) since the departure of the last tenant
  • and be at least equal to 50% of the last year of rent (excluding charges).
What new rent to set?

If these conditions are met, the annual rent charged to the previous tenant may be increased:

  • of an amount equal to 15% of the amount of work TTC: titleContent
  • within reference rent increased effective on the date of signature of the lease

FYI  

you can find out the reference rents increased using this simulator.

How to challenge?

If the new rent exceeds reference rent increased effective on the date of signing of the lease, the tenant may dispute by sending a letter with acknowledgement of receipt to the owner (recommended procedure).

If it fails, it must enter the departmental conciliation board on which the house depends. This procedure is free of charge and obligatory in order to be able to refer the matter to the judge.

If the intervention of the commission results in a failure, the tenant may refer the matter to the protection litigation judge of the court on which the dwelling depends.

Amount of work at least equal to last year of rent

What new rent to set?

The new rent may be higher than the last rent applied to the previous tenant if improvement work have been carried out:

  • less than 6 months
  • and for an amount at least equal to the last year of rent

But the new rent cannot exceed reference rent increased effective on the date of signature of the lease.

FYI  

you can find out the reference rents increased using this simulator.

How to challenge?

If the new rent exceeds reference rent increased effective on the date of signing of the lease, the tenant may dispute by sending a letter with acknowledgement of receipt to the owner (recommended procedure).

If it fails, it must enter the departmental conciliation board on which the house depends. This procedure is free of charge and obligatory in order to be able to refer the matter to the judge.

If the intervention of the commission results in a failure, the tenant may refer the matter to the protection litigation judge of the court on which the dwelling depends.

Underpriced Rent

If the rent charged to the former tenant was undervalued, the new rent can be increased.

How do I know if the old rent is undervalued?

It is possible to estimate the undervaluation of rent based on rents usually found for comparable housing in the same geographic area.

Please note

these rent references are available on the rent observatory.

How do I set the new rent?

The following 2 rules must be followed:

1re rule, the increase in rent must not exceed 50% the difference between:

  • Amount of rent determined by reference to rents in the neighbourhood for comparable housing
  • Last rent applied to the previous tenant, possibly revised on the IRL if this has not been done in the last 12 months

2e rule, the new rent may not exceed reference rent increased effective on the date of signature of the lease.

FYI  

you can find out the reference rents increased using this simulator.

How can I contest the new rent?

If the new rent exceeds reference rent increased effective on the date of signing of the lease, the tenant may dispute by sending a letter with acknowledgement of receipt to the owner (recommended procedure).

If it fails, it must enter the departmental conciliation board on which the house depends. This procedure is free of charge and obligatory in order to be able to refer the matter to the judge.

If the intervention of the commission results in a failure, the tenant may refer the matter to the protection litigation judge of the court on which the dwelling depends.

Rent supplement

Terms

The landlord may apply a rent supplement if the following 2 conditions are met:

  • The accommodation has special characteristics (location, comfort)
  • The basic rent (excluding expenses) is equal to reference rent increased

Warning  

For a lease signed since August 18, 2022, rent supplement is not allowed if the housing has at least 1 of these characteristics: sanitary on the landing, signs of humidity on some walls, DPE: titleContent Class F or G, windows letting the air through (without ventilation grid), vis-à-vis less than 10 m, infiltration or flooding coming from the outside, problems of water evacuation during the last 3 months, degraded electrical installation, poor exposure of the main room.

If a rent supplement applies, the rent is equal to the sum of the basic rent and the rent supplement.

The amount of the rent supplement and the housing characteristics that justify it must be indicated in the lease.

Protest

The tenant may contest the rent supplement by first seizing the departmental conciliation board within 3 months from the date of signature of the lease. It is up to the landlord to prove that the rent supplement is justified.

If the Conciliation Commission reaches an agreement, the amount of the rent shall be that fixed by the conciliation document issued by the Commission. This new amount applies from the effective date of the lease.

But if the disagreement persists, the tenant has 3 months from the receipt of the opinion of the commission to ask, protection litigation judge of the court on which the dwelling depends, to cancel or reduce the rent supplement. The amount of rent fixed by the judge's decision shall apply from the date of entry into force of the lease.

FYI  

in case mobility lease, prior recourse to the conciliation board is not possible. However, it is possible to appeal to judicial conciliator.

Basic Rent

Base Rent Amount

The basic rent (amount of rent excluding charges and excluding rent supplement) shall not exceed reference rent increased effective on the date of signature of the lease.

Warning  

Where the lease is signed from 24 August 2022 and concerns accommodation of Class F or G (class indicated on the DPE: titleContent), basic rent must not exceed the rent applied to the previous tenant.

It is possible to know the reference rent increased by this simulator.

If basic rent exceeds reference rent increased, the tenant can request a rent reduction from the landlord (rent reduction action).

The tenant can send this proposal to the owner:

  • Either by registered letter with acknowledgement
  • Or act of commissioner of justice (formerly act of judicial officer)
  • Either hand-delivered against receipt or outflow

The proposal shall contain the following elements:

Rent Information

The lease must indicate:

  • the basic rent (amount of rent excluding charges and excluding rent supplement),
  • the reference rent and reference rent increased in force on the date of signature of the lease and which correspond to the category of the accommodation (location, number of rooms...).

FYI  

you can find out the reference rents increased using this simulator.

If this is not the case, the tenant has 1 month from the effective date of the lease to send to the owner by registered mail with acknowledgement of receipt a notice to do it.

The landlord has 1 month to respond from the date of receipt of the tenant's proposal.

In the absence of a reply or in the event of the owner's refusal within this time limit, the tenant may enter the protection litigation judge the court on which the house depends, to get a reduction of the rent, if necessary.

Rent supplement

Terms

The landlord may apply a rent supplement if the following 2 conditions are met:

  • The accommodation has special characteristics (location, comfort)
  • The basic rent (excluding expenses) is equal to reference rent increased

Warning  

For a lease signed since August 18, 2022, rent supplement is not allowed if the housing has at least 1 of these characteristics: sanitary on the landing, signs of humidity on some walls, DPE: titleContent Class F or G, windows letting the air through (without ventilation grid), vis-à-vis less than 10 m, infiltration or flooding coming from the outside, problems of water evacuation during the last 3 months, degraded electrical installation, poor exposure of the main room.

If a rent supplement applies, the rent is equal to the sum of the basic rent and the rent supplement.

The amount of the rent supplement and the housing characteristics that justify it must be indicated in the lease.

Protest

The tenant may contest the rent supplement by first seizing the departmental conciliation board within 3 months from the date of signature of the lease. It is up to the landlord to prove that the rent supplement is justified.

If the Conciliation Commission reaches an agreement, the amount of the rent shall be that fixed by the conciliation document issued by the Commission. This new amount applies from the effective date of the lease.

But if the disagreement persists, the tenant has 3 months from the receipt of the opinion of the commission to ask, protection litigation judge of the court on which the dwelling depends, to cancel or reduce the rent supplement. The amount of rent fixed by the judge's decision shall apply from the date of entry into force of the lease.

FYI  

in case mobility lease, prior recourse to the conciliation board is not possible. However, it is possible to appeal to judicial conciliator.

Bordeaux

In Bordeaux, the rent of a dwelling whose lease is signed or renewed since 15 July 2022 must not exceed a maximum amount. This maximum amount depends on the type of rental (empty or furnished), the number of rooms and the time of construction of the dwelling.

Some of the accommodation units are not affected by the rent guidelines, as they are subject to other rules. It's about units subject to the 1948 act or agreed by Anah (excluding intermediate rent agreements), social housing (HLM), tourist furniture and sub-leases.

Basic Rent

Base Rent Amount

The basic rent (amount of rent excluding charges and excluding rent supplement) shall not exceed reference rent increased effective on the date of signature of the lease.

FYI  

you can find out the reference rents increased using this simulator.

If basic rent exceeds reference rent increased, the tenant can request a rent reduction from the landlord (rent reduction action).

The tenant can send this proposal to the owner:

  • Either by registered letter with acknowledgement
  • Or act of commissioner of justice (formerly act of judicial officer)
  • Either hand-delivered against receipt or outflow

The proposal shall contain the following elements:

Rent Information

The lease must indicate:

  • the basic rent (amount of rent excluding charges and excluding rent supplement),
  • the reference rent and reference rent increased in force on the date of signature of the lease and which correspond to the category of the accommodation (location, number of rooms...).

FYI  

you can find out the reference rents increased using this simulator.

If this is not the case, the tenant has 1 month from the effective date of the lease to send to the owner by registered mail with acknowledgement of receipt a notice to do it.

The landlord has 1 month to respond from the date of receipt of the tenant's proposal.

In the absence of a reply or in the event of the owner's refusal within this time limit, the tenant may enter the protection litigation judge the court on which the house depends, to get a reduction of the rent, if necessary.

Rent supplement

Terms

The landlord may apply a rent supplement if the following 2 conditions are met:

  • The accommodation has special characteristics (location, comfort)
  • The basic rent (excluding expenses) is equal to reference rent increased

Warning  

For a lease signed since August 18, 2022, rent supplement is not allowed if the housing has at least 1 of these characteristics: sanitary on the landing, signs of humidity on some walls, DPE: titleContent Class F or G, windows letting the air through (without ventilation grid), vis-à-vis less than 10 m, infiltration or flooding coming from the outside, problems of water evacuation during the last 3 months, degraded electrical installation, poor exposure of the main room.

If a rent supplement applies, the rent is equal to the sum of the basic rent and the rent supplement.

The amount of the rent supplement and the housing characteristics that justify it must be indicated in the lease.

Protest

The tenant may contest the rent supplement by first seizing the departmental conciliation board within 3 months from the date of signature of the lease. It is up to the landlord to prove that the rent supplement is justified.

If the Conciliation Commission reaches an agreement, the amount of the rent shall be that fixed by the conciliation document issued by the Commission. This new amount applies from the effective date of the lease.

But if the disagreement persists, the tenant has 3 months from the receipt of the opinion of the commission to ask, protection litigation judge of the court on which the dwelling depends, to cancel or reduce the rent supplement. The amount of rent fixed by the judge's decision shall apply from the date of entry into force of the lease.

FYI  

in case mobility lease, prior recourse to the conciliation board is not possible. However, it is possible to appeal to judicial conciliator.

Warning  

a mobility lease cannot be renewed.

As the lease renewal approaches:

  • when the basic rent (excluding charges and excluding rent supplement) is less than reference rent reduced, the owner may share in rent revaluation,
  • where the basic rent is higher than reference rent increased, the tenant may rent reduction action.

FYI  

you can find out reference rents increased using this simulator.

Répondez aux questions successives et les réponses s’afficheront automatiquement

Share in rent revaluation

What are the conditions?
  • The new rent (excluding charges and excluding rent supplement) must not be greater than reference rent reduced in effect at the time the landlord informs the tenant. It is possible to know the reference rents.
  • Where the renewal takes place from 24 August 2022, the accommodation shall be classified as A, B, C, D or E (as indicated on the DPE: titleContent). From this date, the rent of a housing classified F or G cannot be increased.
How to inform the tenant. ?

The landlord must inform the tenant of the new rent, at least 6 months before the end of the lease.

The owner must send him a notification ::

  • Either by registered letter with acknowledgement
  • Or act of commissioner of justice (formerly act of judicial officer)
  • Either by hand-in-hand against receipt or outflow

This notification must contain the following:

FYI  

when the owner commits rent revaluation share, he cannot give his notice (leave) to the tenant for the lease term.

How to challenge?

Tenant may challenge the share for rent revaluation.

To do this, he must provide the landlord with 6 rental references of comparable housing, located:

  • Or in the same group of buildings
  • In any other group of buildings with similar characteristics and located in the same geographical area

Please note

these rent references are available on the rent observatory.

In case of disagreement or in the absence of a response from the tenant or the owner to the request for a revaluation of the rent, either must enter, 4 months before the end of the lease, the Departmental Conciliation Commission (CDC).

If the disagreement persists despite the action of the CDC, the protection litigation judge can be entered before the end of the lease.

Warning  

if the judge is not seized before the end of the lease, the lease is renewed under the previous terms of the rent. However, if the old rent has not been revised in the previous 12 months, the landlord may revise to fix the new rent.

How do I apply the new rent?

When a new rent is decided by the tenant and landlord or by the judge, it applies gradually from the renewal of the lease.

The rent increase is spread out:

  • For a 3-year lease, 1/3 per year (or 1/6 per year if the rent increase is greater than 10%)
  • For a 6-year lease, 1/6 per year

Example :

For a lease is 3 years, the last monthly rent (excluding charges and excluding rent supplement) applied to the tenant before the renewal of the lease is €600 and the new rent is €650 ::

  • The increase to be applied is €50 monthly
  • This increase is less than 10% of rent, car 600 X 10% = €60, then its application will be 1/3 per year.
  • Monthly rent will be increased on the 1re year €16.67 per month €50 x 1/3 = €16.67 ), then 2e year €33.33 per month €50 x 2/3 = €33.33), and 3e year €50 per month.

However, the proposed increase shall not exceed the greater of the following 2 limits:

  • 50% the difference between the rent corresponding to the rents charged in the neighbourhood for comparable housing and the last rent applied to the tenant before the renewal of the lease (possibly revised if this had not been done within the last 12 months)
  • An increase in the annual rent equal to 15% the actual cost of work done since the last renewal of the lease (improvement work or upgrading work), where the amount of such work is at least equal to the amount of the last year of rent.

Action on rent reduction

If the basic rent (excluding charges and excluding rent supplement) included in the lease is greater than the reference rent plus, the tenant can ask the landlord for a reduction in the basic rent.

The following 2 conditions must be met:

  • The tenant applies at least 5 months before the lease term
  • The reference rent increased taken into consideration is that in force on the date of application

FYI  

you can find out reference rents increased by this simulator.

The tenant must address his written request to the owner:

  • Either by registered letter with acknowledgement
  • Or act of commissioner of justice
  • Either by hand-in-hand against receipt or outflow

The application must contain the following:

If the landlord refuses, or does not respond to the tenant, the tenant must enter the Departmental Conciliation Commission (CDC) no later than 4 months before the lease expires.

If no agreement is reached in spite of the action taken by the CDC, the tenant may seize the protection litigation judge before the lease expires.

Warning  

if the tenant does not refer the matter to the judge within that time, the lease shall be renewed under the previous conditions of the rent. If the old rent has not been revised in the previous 12 months, the landlord may revise.

Basic Rent

Basic rent (excluding charges and excluding rent supplement) of a dwelling which has been returned to the market after less than 18 months of inoccupation may be increased only in certain cases:

But the new basic rent must not exceed reference rent increased effective on the date of signature of the lease.

It is possible to know the reference rent increased by this simulator.

Warning  

Where the lease is signed from 24 August 2022 and concerns accommodation of Class F or G (class indicated on the DPE: titleContent), basic rent must not exceed the rent applied to the previous tenant.

Répondez aux questions successives et les réponses s’afficheront automatiquement

Rent not revised

The amount of the new rent must not exceed the amount of the last rent applied to the previous tenant.

However, it may be increased by the annual variation of IRL published on the date of signature of the new lease, if none review has not taken place in the past 12 months.

In all cases, the new rent must not exceed reference rent increased effective on the date of signature of the lease.

FYI  

you can find out the reference rents increased using this simulator.

If the new rent exceeds reference rent increased effective on the date of signing of the lease, the tenant may dispute by sending a letter with acknowledgement of receipt to the owner (recommended procedure).

If it fails, it must enter the departmental conciliation board on which the house depends. This procedure is free of charge and obligatory in order to be able to refer the matter to the judge.

If the intervention of the commission results in a failure, the tenant may refer the matter to the protection litigation judge of the court on which the dwelling depends.

Warning  

the amount of rent applied to the last tenant must be entered in the lease.

Work

Amount of work not less than 50% of last year of rent
Terms

The new rent may be higher than the last rent applied to the previous tenant, if the landlord has financed work.

This work can be:

  • of improvement work (excluding energy-saving work that resulted in a rent increase for cost reduction)
  • or work on standards of decency.

This work shall:

  • have been carried out (in common or private areas) since the departure of the last tenant
  • and be at least equal to 50% of the last year of rent (excluding charges).
What new rent to set?

If these conditions are met, the annual rent charged to the previous tenant may be increased:

  • of an amount equal to 15% of the amount of work TTC: titleContent
  • within reference rent increased effective on the date of signature of the lease

FYI  

you can find out the reference rents increased using this simulator.

How to challenge?

If the new rent exceeds reference rent increased effective on the date of signing of the lease, the tenant may dispute by sending a letter with acknowledgement of receipt to the owner (recommended procedure).

If it fails, it must enter the departmental conciliation board on which the house depends. This procedure is free of charge and obligatory in order to be able to refer the matter to the judge.

If the intervention of the commission results in a failure, the tenant may refer the matter to the protection litigation judge of the court on which the dwelling depends.

Amount of work at least equal to last year of rent
What new rent to set?

The new rent may be higher than the last rent applied to the previous tenant if improvement work have been carried out:

  • less than 6 months
  • and for an amount at least equal to the last year of rent

But the new rent cannot exceed reference rent increased effective on the date of signature of the lease.

FYI  

you can find out the reference rents increased using this simulator.

How to challenge?

If the new rent exceeds reference rent increased effective on the date of signing of the lease, the tenant may dispute by sending a letter with acknowledgement of receipt to the owner (recommended procedure).

If it fails, it must enter the departmental conciliation board on which the house depends. This procedure is free of charge and obligatory in order to be able to refer the matter to the judge.

If the intervention of the commission results in a failure, the tenant may refer the matter to the protection litigation judge of the court on which the dwelling depends.

Underpriced Rent

If the rent charged to the former tenant was undervalued, the new rent can be increased.

How do I know if the old rent is undervalued?

It is possible to estimate the undervaluation of rent based on rents usually found for comparable housing in the same geographic area.

Please note

these rent references are available on the rent observatory.

How do I set the new rent?

The following 2 rules must be followed:

1re rule, the increase in rent must not exceed 50% the difference between:

  • Amount of rent determined by reference to rents in the neighbourhood for comparable housing
  • Last rent applied to the previous tenant, possibly revised on the IRL if this has not been done in the last 12 months

2e rule, the new rent may not exceed reference rent increased effective on the date of signature of the lease.

FYI  

you can find out the reference rents increased using this simulator.

How can I contest the new rent?

If the new rent exceeds reference rent increased effective on the date of signing of the lease, the tenant may dispute by sending a letter with acknowledgement of receipt to the owner (recommended procedure).

If it fails, it must enter the departmental conciliation board on which the house depends. This procedure is free of charge and obligatory in order to be able to refer the matter to the judge.

If the intervention of the commission results in a failure, the tenant may refer the matter to the protection litigation judge of the court on which the dwelling depends.

Rent supplement

Terms

The landlord may apply a rent supplement if the following 2 conditions are met:

  • The accommodation has special characteristics (location, comfort)
  • The basic rent (excluding expenses) is equal to reference rent increased

Warning  

For a lease signed since August 18, 2022, rent supplement is not allowed if the housing has at least 1 of these characteristics: sanitary on the landing, signs of humidity on some walls, DPE: titleContent Class F or G, windows letting the air through (without ventilation grid), vis-à-vis less than 10 m, infiltration or flooding coming from the outside, problems of water evacuation during the last 3 months, degraded electrical installation, poor exposure of the main room.

If a rent supplement applies, the rent is equal to the sum of the basic rent and the rent supplement.

The amount of the rent supplement and the housing characteristics that justify it must be indicated in the lease.

Protest

The tenant may contest the rent supplement by first seizing the departmental conciliation board within 3 months from the date of signature of the lease. It is up to the landlord to prove that the rent supplement is justified.

If the Conciliation Commission reaches an agreement, the amount of the rent shall be that fixed by the conciliation document issued by the Commission. This new amount applies from the effective date of the lease.

But if the disagreement persists, the tenant has 3 months from the receipt of the opinion of the commission to ask, protection litigation judge of the court on which the dwelling depends, to cancel or reduce the rent supplement. The amount of rent fixed by the judge's decision shall apply from the date of entry into force of the lease.

FYI  

in case mobility lease, prior recourse to the conciliation board is not possible. However, it is possible to appeal to judicial conciliator.

Basic Rent

Base Rent Amount

The basic rent (amount of rent excluding charges and excluding rent supplement) shall not exceed reference rent increased effective on the date of signature of the lease.

Warning  

Where the lease is signed from 24 August 2022 and concerns accommodation of Class F or G (class indicated on the DPE: titleContent), basic rent must not exceed the rent applied to the previous tenant.

It is possible to know the reference rent increased by this simulator.

If basic rent exceeds reference rent increased, the tenant can request a rent reduction from the landlord (rent reduction action).

The tenant can send this proposal to the owner:

  • Either by registered letter with acknowledgement
  • Or act of commissioner of justice (formerly act of judicial officer)
  • Either hand-delivered against receipt or outflow

The proposal shall contain the following elements:

Rent Information

The lease must indicate:

  • the basic rent (amount of rent excluding charges and excluding rent supplement),
  • the reference rent and reference rent increased in force on the date of signature of the lease and which correspond to the category of the accommodation (location, number of rooms...).

FYI  

you can find out the reference rents increased using this simulator.

If this is not the case, the tenant has 1 month from the effective date of the lease to send to the owner by registered mail with acknowledgement of receipt a notice to do it.

The landlord has 1 month to respond from the date of receipt of the tenant's proposal.

In the absence of a reply or in the event of the owner's refusal within this time limit, the tenant may enter the protection litigation judge the court on which the house depends, to get a reduction of the rent, if necessary.

Rent supplement

Terms

The landlord may apply a rent supplement if the following 2 conditions are met:

  • The accommodation has special characteristics (location, comfort)
  • The basic rent (excluding expenses) is equal to reference rent increased

Warning  

For a lease signed since August 18, 2022, rent supplement is not allowed if the housing has at least 1 of these characteristics: sanitary on the landing, signs of humidity on some walls, DPE: titleContent Class F or G, windows letting the air through (without ventilation grid), vis-à-vis less than 10 m, infiltration or flooding coming from the outside, problems of water evacuation during the last 3 months, degraded electrical installation, poor exposure of the main room.

If a rent supplement applies, the rent is equal to the sum of the basic rent and the rent supplement.

The amount of the rent supplement and the housing characteristics that justify it must be indicated in the lease.

Protest

The tenant may contest the rent supplement by first seizing the departmental conciliation board within 3 months from the date of signature of the lease. It is up to the landlord to prove that the rent supplement is justified.

If the Conciliation Commission reaches an agreement, the amount of the rent shall be that fixed by the conciliation document issued by the Commission. This new amount applies from the effective date of the lease.

But if the disagreement persists, the tenant has 3 months from the receipt of the opinion of the commission to ask, protection litigation judge of the court on which the dwelling depends, to cancel or reduce the rent supplement. The amount of rent fixed by the judge's decision shall apply from the date of entry into force of the lease.

FYI  

in case mobility lease, prior recourse to the conciliation board is not possible. However, it is possible to appeal to judicial conciliator.

Is Together

On the territory East Together, the rent of a dwelling whose lease is signed or renewed since 1to December 2021 must not exceed a maximum amount. This maximum amount depends on the type of rental (empty or furnished), the number of rooms and the time of construction of the dwelling.

Some of the accommodation units are not affected by the rent guidelines, as they are subject to other rules. It's about units subject to the 1948 act or agreed by Anah (excluding intermediate rent agreements), social housing (HLM), tourist furniture and sub-leases.

Basic Rent

Base Rent Amount

The basic rent (amount of rent excluding charges and excluding rent supplement) shall not exceed reference rent increased effective on the date of signature of the lease.

FYI  

it is possible to know the reference rents.

If basic rent exceeds reference rent increased, the tenant can request a rent reduction from the landlord (rent reduction action).

The tenant can send this proposal to the owner:

  • Either by registered letter with acknowledgement
  • Or act of commissioner of justice (formerly act of judicial officer)
  • Either hand-delivered against receipt or outflow

The proposal shall contain the following elements:

Rent Information

The lease must indicate:

  • the basic rent (amount of rent excluding charges and excluding rent supplement),
  • the reference rent and reference rent increased in force on the date of signature of the lease and which correspond to the category of the accommodation (location, number of rooms...).

FYI  

it is possible to know the reference rents.

If this is not the case, the tenant has 1 month from the effective date of the lease to send to the owner by registered mail with acknowledgement of receipt a notice to do it.

The landlord has 1 month to respond from the date of receipt of the tenant's proposal.

In the absence of a reply or in the event of the owner's refusal within this time limit, the tenant may enter the protection litigation judge the court on which the house depends, to get a reduction of the rent, if necessary.

Basic Rent

Base Rent Amount

The basic rent (amount of rent excluding charges and excluding rent supplement) shall not exceed reference rent increased effective on the date of signature of the lease.

Warning  

Where the lease is signed from 24 August 2022 and concerns accommodation of Class F or G (class indicated on the DPE: titleContent), basic rent must not exceed the rent applied to the previous tenant.

It is possible to know the reference rent increased by this simulator.

If basic rent exceeds reference rent increased, the tenant can request a rent reduction from the landlord (rent reduction action).

The tenant can send this proposal to the owner:

  • Either by registered letter with acknowledgement
  • Or act of commissioner of justice (formerly act of judicial officer)
  • Either hand-delivered against receipt or outflow

The proposal shall contain the following elements:

Rent Information

The lease must indicate:

  • the basic rent (amount of rent excluding charges and excluding rent supplement),
  • the reference rent and reference rent increased in force on the date of signature of the lease and which correspond to the category of the accommodation (location, number of rooms...).

FYI  

it is possible to know the reference rents.

If this is not the case, the tenant has 1 month from the effective date of the lease to send to the owner by registered mail with acknowledgement of receipt a notice to do it.

The landlord has 1 month to respond from the date of receipt of the tenant's proposal.

In the absence of a reply or in the event of the owner's refusal within this time limit, the tenant may enter the protection litigation judge the court on which the house depends, to get a reduction of the rent, if necessary.

Rent supplement

Terms

The landlord may apply a rent supplement if the following 2 conditions are met:

  • The accommodation has special characteristics (location, comfort)
  • The basic rent (excluding expenses) is equal to reference rent increased

Warning  

For a lease signed since August 18, 2022, rent supplement is not allowed if the housing has at least 1 of these characteristics: sanitary on the landing, signs of humidity on some walls, DPE: titleContent Class F or G, windows letting the air through (without ventilation grid), vis-à-vis less than 10 m, infiltration or flooding coming from the outside, problems of water evacuation during the last 3 months, degraded electrical installation, poor exposure of the main room.

If a rent supplement applies, the rent is equal to the sum of the basic rent and the rent supplement.

The amount of the rent supplement and the housing characteristics that justify it must be indicated in the lease.

Protest

The tenant may contest the rent supplement by first seizing the departmental conciliation board within 3 months from the date of signature of the lease. It is up to the landlord to prove that the rent supplement is justified.

If the Conciliation Commission reaches an agreement, the amount of the rent shall be that fixed by the conciliation document issued by the Commission. This new amount applies from the effective date of the lease.

But if the disagreement persists, the tenant has 3 months from the receipt of the opinion of the commission to ask, protection litigation judge of the court on which the dwelling depends, to cancel or reduce the rent supplement. The amount of rent fixed by the judge's decision shall apply from the date of entry into force of the lease.

FYI  

in case mobility lease, prior recourse to the conciliation board is not possible. However, it is possible to appeal to judicial conciliator.

Warning  

a mobility lease cannot be renewed.

As the lease renewal approaches:

  • when the basic rent (excluding charges and excluding rent supplement) is less than reference rent reduced, the owner may share in rent revaluation,
  • where the basic rent is higher than reference rent increased, the tenant may rent reduction action.

Please note

it is possible to know the reference rents.

Répondez aux questions successives et les réponses s’afficheront automatiquement

Share in rent revaluation

What are the conditions?
  • The new rent (excluding charges and excluding rent supplement) must not be greater than reference rent reduced in effect at the time the landlord informs the tenant. It is possible to know the reference rents.
  • Where the renewal takes place from 24 August 2022, the accommodation shall be classified as A, B, C, D or E (as indicated on the DPE: titleContent). From this date, the rent of a housing classified F or G cannot be increased.
How do I inform the tenant?

The landlord must inform the tenant of the new rent, at least 6 months before the end of the lease.

The owner must send him a notification ::

  • Either by registered letter with acknowledgement
  • Or act of commissioner of justice (formerly act of judicial officer)
  • Either by hand-in-hand against receipt or outflow

This notification must contain the following:

FYI  

when the owner commits rent revaluation share, he cannot give his notice (leave) to the tenant for the lease term.

How to challenge?

Tenant may challenge the share for rent revaluation.

To do this, he must provide the landlord with 6 rental references of comparable housing, located:

  • Or in the same group of buildings
  • In any other group of buildings with similar characteristics and located in the same geographical area

Please note

these rent references are available on the the observatoire des rents en agglomération parisienne.

In case of disagreement or in the absence of a response from the tenant or the owner to the request for a revaluation of the rent, either must enter, 4 months before the end of the lease, the Departmental Conciliation Commission (CDC).

If the disagreement persists despite the action of the CDC, the protection litigation judge can be entered before the end of the lease.

Warning  

if the judge is not seized before the end of the lease, the lease is renewed under the previous terms of the rent. However, if the old rent has not been revised in the previous 12 months, the landlord may revise to fix the new rent.

How do I apply the new rent?

When a new rent is decided by the tenant and landlord or by the judge, it applies gradually from the renewal of the lease.

The rent increase is spread out:

  • For a 3-year lease, 1/3 per year (or 1/6 per year if the rent increase is greater than 10%)
  • For a 6-year lease, 1/6 per year

Example :

For a lease is 3 years, the last monthly rent (excluding charges and excluding rent supplement) applied to the tenant before the renewal of the lease is €600 and the new rent is €650 ::

  • The increase to be applied is €50 monthly
  • This increase is less than 10% of rent, car 600 X 10% = €60, then its application will be 1/3 per year.
  • Monthly rent will be increased on the 1re year €16.67 per month €50 x 1/3 = €16.67 ), then 2e year €33.33 per month €50 x 2/3 = €33.33), and 3e year €50 per month.

However, the proposed increase shall not exceed the greater of the following 2 limits:

  • 50% the difference between the rent corresponding to the rents charged in the neighbourhood for comparable housing and the last rent applied to the tenant before the renewal of the lease (possibly revised if this had not been done within the last 12 months)
  • An increase in the annual rent equal to 15% the actual cost of work done since the last renewal of the lease (improvement work or upgrading work), where the amount of such work is at least equal to the amount of the last year of rent.

Action on rent reduction

If the basic rent (excluding charges and excluding rent supplement) included in the lease is greater than the reference rent plus, the tenant can ask the landlord for a reduction in the basic rent.

The following 2 conditions must be met:

  • The tenant applies at least 5 months before the lease term
  • The increased reference rent taken into consideration is that in force on the date of application

Please note

it is possible to know the reference rents.

The tenant must address his written request to the owner:

  • Either by registered letter with acknowledgement
  • Or act of commissioner of justice
  • Either by hand-in-hand against receipt or outflow

The application must contain the following:

If the landlord refuses, or does not respond to the tenant, the tenant must enter the Departmental Conciliation Commission (CDC) no later than 4 months before the lease expires.

If no agreement is reached in spite of the action taken by the CDC, the tenant may seize the protection litigation judge before the lease expires.

Warning  

if the tenant does not refer the matter to the judge within that time, the lease shall be renewed under the previous conditions of the rent. If the old rent has not been revised in the previous 12 months, the landlord may revise.

Basic Rent

Basic rent (excluding charges and excluding rent supplement) of a dwelling which has been returned to the market after less than 18 months of inoccupation may be increased only in certain cases:

But the new basic rent must not exceed reference rent increased effective on the date of signature of the lease.

It is possible to know the reference rent increased by this simulator.

Warning  

Where the lease is signed from 24 August 2022 and concerns accommodation of Class F or G (class indicated on the DPE: titleContent), basic rent must not exceed the rent applied to the previous tenant.

Rent not revised

The amount of the new rent must not exceed the amount of the last rent applied to the previous tenant.

However, it may be increased by the annual variation of IRL published on the date of signature of the new lease, if none review has not taken place in the past 12 months.

In all cases, the new rent must not exceed reference rent increased effective on the date of signature of the lease.

Please note

it is possible to know the reference rents.

If the new rent exceeds reference rent increased effective on the date of signing of the lease, the tenant may dispute by sending a letter with acknowledgement of receipt to the owner (recommended procedure).

If it fails, it must enter the departmental conciliation board on which the house depends. This procedure is free of charge and obligatory in order to be able to refer the matter to the judge.

If the intervention of the commission results in a failure, the tenant may refer the matter to the protection litigation judge of the court on which the dwelling depends.

Warning  

the amount of rent applied to the last tenant must be entered in the lease.

Work

Amount of work not less than 50% of last year of rent

Terms

The new rent may be higher than the last rent applied to the previous tenant, if the landlord has financed work.

This work can be:

  • of improvement work (excluding energy-saving work that resulted in a rent increase for cost reduction)
  • or work on standards of decency.

This work shall:

  • have been carried out (in common or private areas) since the departure of the last tenant
  • and be at least equal to 50% of the last year of rent (excluding charges).
What new rent to set?

If these conditions are met, the annual rent charged to the previous tenant may be increased:

  • of an amount equal to 15% of the amount of work TTC: titleContent
  • within reference rent increased effective on the date of signature of the lease

Please note

it is possible to know the reference rents.

How to challenge?

If the new rent exceeds reference rent increased effective on the date of signing of the lease, the tenant may dispute by sending a letter with acknowledgement of receipt to the owner (recommended procedure).

If it fails, it must enter the departmental conciliation board on which the house depends. This procedure is free of charge and obligatory in order to be able to refer the matter to the judge.

If the intervention of the commission results in a failure, the tenant may refer the matter to the protection litigation judge of the court on which the dwelling depends.

Amount of work at least equal to last year of rent

What new rent to set?

The new rent may be higher than the last rent applied to the previous tenant if improvement work have been carried out:

  • less than 6 months
  • and for an amount at least equal to the last year of rent

But the new rent cannot exceed reference rent increased effective on the date of signature of the lease.

Please note

it is possible to know the reference rents.

How to challenge?

If the new rent exceeds reference rent increased effective on the date of signing of the lease, the tenant may dispute by sending a letter with acknowledgement of receipt to the owner (recommended procedure).

If it fails, it must enter the departmental conciliation board on which the house depends. This procedure is free of charge and obligatory in order to be able to refer the matter to the judge.

If the intervention of the commission results in a failure, the tenant may refer the matter to the protection litigation judge of the court on which the dwelling depends.

Underpriced Rent

If the rent charged to the former tenant was undervalued, the new rent can be increased.

How do I know if the old rent is undervalued?

It is possible to estimate the undervaluation of rent based on rents usually found for comparable housing in the same geographic area.

Please note

these rent references are available on the the observatoire des rents en agglomération parisienne.

How do I set the new rent?

The following 2 rules must be followed:

1re rule, the increase in rent must not exceed 50% the difference between:

  • Amount of rent determined by reference to rents in the neighbourhood for comparable housing
  • Last rent applied to the previous tenant, possibly revised on the IRL if this has not been done in the last 12 months

2e rule, the new rent may not exceed reference rent increased effective on the date of signature of the lease.

Please note

it is possible to know the reference rents.

How can I contest the new rent?

If the new rent exceeds reference rent increased effective on the date of signing of the lease, the tenant may dispute by sending a letter with acknowledgement of receipt to the owner (recommended procedure).

If it fails, it must enter the departmental conciliation board on which the house depends. This procedure is free of charge and obligatory in order to be able to refer the matter to the judge.

If the intervention of the commission results in a failure, the tenant may refer the matter to the protection litigation judge of the court on which the dwelling depends.

Rent supplement

Terms

The landlord may apply a rent supplement if the following 2 conditions are met:

  • The accommodation has special characteristics (location, comfort)
  • The basic rent (excluding expenses) is equal to reference rent increased

Warning  

For a lease signed since August 18, 2022, rent supplement is not allowed if the housing has at least 1 of these characteristics: sanitary on the landing, signs of humidity on some walls, DPE: titleContent Class F or G, windows letting the air through (without ventilation grid), vis-à-vis less than 10 m, infiltration or flooding coming from the outside, problems of water evacuation during the last 3 months, degraded electrical installation, poor exposure of the main room.

If a rent supplement applies, the rent is equal to the sum of the basic rent and the rent supplement.

The amount of the rent supplement and the housing characteristics that justify it must be indicated in the lease.

Protest

The tenant may contest the rent supplement by first seizing the departmental conciliation board within 3 months from the date of signature of the lease. It is up to the landlord to prove that the rent supplement is justified.

If the Conciliation Commission reaches an agreement, the amount of the rent shall be that fixed by the conciliation document issued by the Commission. This new amount applies from the effective date of the lease.

But if the disagreement persists, the tenant has 3 months from the receipt of the opinion of the commission to ask, protection litigation judge of the court on which the dwelling depends, to cancel or reduce the rent supplement. The amount of rent fixed by the judge's decision shall apply from the date of entry into force of the lease.

FYI  

in case mobility lease, prior recourse to the conciliation board is not possible. However, it is possible to appeal to judicial conciliator.

Basic Rent

Base Rent Amount

The basic rent (amount of rent excluding charges and excluding rent supplement) shall not exceed reference rent increased effective on the date of signature of the lease.

Warning  

Where the lease is signed from 24 August 2022 and concerns accommodation of Class F or G (class indicated on the DPE: titleContent), basic rent must not exceed the rent applied to the previous tenant.

It is possible to know the reference rent increased by this simulator.

If basic rent exceeds reference rent increased, the tenant can request a rent reduction from the landlord (rent reduction action).

The tenant can send this proposal to the owner:

  • Either by registered letter with acknowledgement
  • Or act of commissioner of justice (formerly act of judicial officer)
  • Either hand-delivered against receipt or outflow

The proposal shall contain the following elements:

Rent Information

The lease must indicate:

  • the basic rent (amount of rent excluding charges and excluding rent supplement),
  • the reference rent and reference rent increased in force on the date of signature of the lease and which correspond to the category of the accommodation (location, number of rooms...).

FYI  

it is possible to know the reference rents.

If this is not the case, the tenant has 1 month from the effective date of the lease to send to the owner by registered mail with acknowledgement of receipt a notice to do it.

The landlord has 1 month to respond from the date of receipt of the tenant's proposal.

In the absence of a reply or in the event of the owner's refusal within this time limit, the tenant may enter the protection litigation judge the court on which the house depends, to get a reduction of the rent, if necessary.

Rent supplement

Terms

The landlord may apply a rent supplement if the following 2 conditions are met:

  • The accommodation has special characteristics (location, comfort)
  • The basic rent (excluding expenses) is equal to reference rent increased

Warning  

For a lease signed since August 18, 2022, rent supplement is not allowed if the housing has at least 1 of these characteristics: sanitary on the landing, signs of humidity on some walls, DPE: titleContent Class F or G, windows letting the air through (without ventilation grid), vis-à-vis less than 10 m, infiltration or flooding coming from the outside, problems of water evacuation during the last 3 months, degraded electrical installation, poor exposure of the main room.

If a rent supplement applies, the rent is equal to the sum of the basic rent and the rent supplement.

The amount of the rent supplement and the housing characteristics that justify it must be indicated in the lease.

Protest

The tenant may contest the rent supplement by first seizing the departmental conciliation board within 3 months from the date of signature of the lease. It is up to the landlord to prove that the rent supplement is justified.

If the Conciliation Commission reaches an agreement, the amount of the rent shall be that fixed by the conciliation document issued by the Commission. This new amount applies from the effective date of the lease.

But if the disagreement persists, the tenant has 3 months from the receipt of the opinion of the commission to ask, protection litigation judge of the court on which the dwelling depends, to cancel or reduce the rent supplement. The amount of rent fixed by the judge's decision shall apply from the date of entry into force of the lease.

FYI  

in case mobility lease, prior recourse to the conciliation board is not possible. However, it is possible to appeal to judicial conciliator.

Lille, Hellemmes and Lomme

In Lille, Hellemmes and Lomme, the rent of a dwelling whose lease is signed or renewed since 1to March 2020 must not exceed a maximum amount fixed by prefectural decree. This maximum amount depends on the type of rental (empty or furnished), the number of rooms and the time of construction of the dwelling.

Some of the accommodation units are not affected by the rent guidelines, as they are subject to other rules. It's about units subject to the 1948 act or agreed by Anah (excluding intermediate rent agreements), social housing (HLM), tourist furniture and sub-leases.

Basic Rent

Base Rent Amount

The basic rent (amount of rent excluding charges and excluding rent supplement) shall not exceed reference rent increased effective on the date of signature of the lease.

FYI  

it is possible to know the reference rents.

If basic rent exceeds reference rent increased, the tenant can request a rent reduction from the landlord (rent reduction action).

The tenant can send this proposal to the owner:

  • Either by registered letter with acknowledgement
  • Either by act of the Commissioner of Justice (formerly act of the judicial officer)
  • Either hand-delivered against receipt or outflow

The proposal shall contain the following elements:

Rent Information

The lease must indicate:

  • the basic rent (amount of rent excluding charges and excluding rent supplement)
  • the reference rent and reference rent increased in force on the date of signature of the lease and which correspond to the category of the accommodation (location, number of rooms...)

FYI  

it is possible to know the reference rents.

If this is not the case, the tenant has 1 month from the effective date of the lease to send to the owner by registered mail with acknowledgement of receipt a notice to do it.

The landlord has 1 month to respond from the date of receipt of the tenant's proposal.

In the absence of a reply or in the event of the owner's refusal within this time limit, the tenant may enter the protection litigation judge the court on which the house depends, to get a reduction of the rent, if necessary.

Rent supplement

Terms

The landlord may apply a rent supplement if the following 2 conditions are met:

  • The accommodation has special characteristics (location, comfort)
  • The basic rent (excluding expenses) is equal to reference rent increased

Warning  

For a lease signed since August 18, 2022, rent supplement is not allowed if the housing has at least 1 of these characteristics: sanitary on the landing, signs of humidity on some walls, DPE: titleContent Class F or G, windows letting the air through (without ventilation grid), vis-à-vis less than 10 m, infiltration or flooding coming from the outside, problems of water evacuation during the last 3 months, degraded electrical installation, poor exposure of the main room.

If a rent supplement applies, the rent is equal to the sum of the basic rent and the rent supplement.

The amount of the rent supplement and the housing characteristics that justify it must be indicated in the lease.

Protest

The tenant may contest the rent supplement by first seizing the departmental conciliation board within 3 months from the date of signature of the lease. It is up to the landlord to prove that the rent supplement is justified.

If the Conciliation Commission reaches an agreement, the amount of the rent shall be that fixed by the conciliation document issued by the Commission. This new amount applies from the effective date of the lease.

But if the disagreement persists, the tenant has 3 months from the receipt of the opinion of the commission to ask, protection litigation judge of the court on which the dwelling depends, to cancel or reduce the rent supplement. The amount of rent fixed by the judge's decision shall apply from the date of entry into force of the lease.

FYI  

in case mobility lease, prior recourse to the conciliation board is not possible. However, it is possible to appeal to judicial conciliator.

Warning  

a mobility lease cannot be renewed.

As the lease renewal approaches:

  • when the basic rent (excluding charges and excluding rent supplement) is less than reference rent reduced, the owner may share in rent revaluation,
  • where the basic rent is higher than reference rent increased, the tenant may rent reduction action.

Please note

it is possible to know the reference rents.

Répondez aux questions successives et les réponses s’afficheront automatiquement

Share in rent revaluation

What are the conditions?
  • The new rent (excluding charges and excluding rent supplement) must not be greater than reference rent reduced in effect at the time the landlord informs the tenant. It is possible to know the reference rents.
  • Where the renewal takes place from 24 August 2022, the accommodation shall be classified as A, B, C, D or E (as indicated on the DPE: titleContent). From this date, the rent of a housing classified F or G cannot be increased.
How do I inform the tenant?

The landlord must inform the tenant of the new rent, at least 6 months before the end of the lease.

The owner must send him a notification ::

  • Either by registered letter with acknowledgement
  • Either by act of the Commissioner of Justice (formerly act of the judicial officer)
  • Either by hand-in-hand against receipt or outflow

This notification must contain the following:

FYI  

when the owner commits rent revaluation share, he cannot give his notice (leave) to the tenant for the lease term.

How to challenge?

Tenant may challenge the share for rent revaluation.

To do this, he must provide the landlord with 6 rental references of comparable housing, located:

  • Or in the same group of buildings
  • In any other group of buildings with similar characteristics and located in the same geographical area

Please note

these rent references are available on the rent observatory.

In case of disagreement or in the absence of a response from the tenant or the owner to the request for a revaluation of the rent, either must enter, 4 months before the end of the lease, the Departmental Conciliation Commission (CDC).

If the disagreement persists despite the action of the CDC, the protection litigation judge can be entered before the end of the lease.

Warning  

if the judge is not seized before the end of the lease, the lease is renewed under the previous terms of the rent. However, if the old rent has not been revised in the previous 12 months, the landlord may revise to fix the new rent.

How do I apply the new rent?

When a new rent is decided by the tenant and landlord or by the judge, it applies gradually from the renewal of the lease.

The rent increase is spread out:

  • For a 3-year lease, 1/3 per year (or 1/6 per year if the rent increase is greater than 10%)
  • For a 6-year lease, 1/6 per year

Example :

For a lease is 3 years, the last monthly rent (excluding charges and excluding rent supplement) applied to the tenant before the renewal of the lease is €600 and the new rent is €650 ::

  • The increase to be applied is €50 monthly
  • This increase is less than 10% of the rent, because 600 X 10% = €60, then its application will be 1/3 per year.
  • Monthly rent will be increased on the 1re year €16.67 per month €50 x 1/3 = €16.67 ), then 2e year €33.33 per month €50 x 2/3 = €33.33), and 3e year €50 per month.

However, the proposed increase shall not exceed the greater of the following 2 limits:

  • 50% the difference between the rent corresponding to the rents charged in the neighbourhood for comparable housing and the last rent applied to the tenant before the renewal of the lease (possibly revised if this had not been done within the last 12 months)
  • An increase in the annual rent equal to 15% the actual cost of work done since the last renewal of the lease (improvement work or upgrading work), where the amount of such work is at least equal to the amount of the last year of rent.

Action on rent reduction

If the basic rent (excluding charges and excluding rent supplement) included in the lease is greater than the reference rent plus, the tenant can ask the landlord for a reduction in the basic rent.

The following 2 conditions must be met:

  • The tenant applies at least 5 months before the lease term
  • The increased reference rent taken into consideration is that in force on the date of application

Please note

it is possible to know the reference rents.

The tenant must address his written request to the owner:

  • Either by registered letter with acknowledgement
  • Either by deed of the Commissioner of Justice
  • Either by hand-in-hand against receipt or outflow

The application must contain the following:

If the landlord refuses, or does not respond to the tenant, the tenant must enter the Departmental Conciliation Commission (CDC) no later than 4 months before the lease expires.

If no agreement is reached in spite of the action taken by the CDC, the tenant may seize the protection litigation judge before the lease expires.

Warning  

if the tenant does not refer the matter to the judge within that time, the lease shall be renewed under the previous conditions of the rent. If the old rent has not been revised in the previous 12 months, the landlord may revise.

Basic Rent

Basic rent (excluding charges and excluding rent supplement) of a dwelling which has been returned to the market after less than 18 months of inoccupation may be increased only in certain cases:

But the new basic rent must not exceed reference rent increased effective on the date of signature of the lease.

It is possible to know the reference rent increased by this simulator.

Warning  

Where the lease is signed from 24 August 2022 and concerns accommodation of Class F or G (class indicated on the DPE: titleContent), basic rent must not exceed the rent applied to the previous tenant.

Rent not revised

The amount of the new rent must not exceed the amount of the last rent applied to the previous tenant.

However, it may be increased by the annual variation of IRL published on the date of signature of the new lease, if none review has not taken place in the past 12 months.

In all cases, the new rent must not exceed reference rent increased effective on the date of signature of the lease.

Please note

it is possible to know the reference rents.

If the new rent exceeds reference rent increased effective on the date of signing of the lease, the tenant may dispute by sending a letter with acknowledgement of receipt to the owner (recommended procedure).

If it fails, it must enter the departmental conciliation board on which the house depends. This procedure is free of charge and obligatory in order to be able to refer the matter to the judge.

If the intervention of the commission results in a failure, the tenant may refer the matter to the protection litigation judge of the court on which the dwelling depends.

Warning  

the amount of rent applied to the last tenant must be entered in the lease.

Work

Amount of work not less than 50% of last year of rent

Terms

The new rent may be higher than the last rent applied to the previous tenant, if the landlord has financed work.

This work can be 

  • of improvement work (excluding energy-saving work that resulted in a rent increase for cost reduction)
  • or work on standards of decency.

This work must 

  • have been carried out (in common or private areas) since the departure of the last tenant
  • and be at least 50% of the last year of rent (excluding charges).
What new rent to set?

If these conditions are met, the annual rent charged to the previous tenant may be increased:

  • an amount equal to 15 % of the amount of the work, including VAT,
  • within reference rent increased effective on the date of signature of the lease.

Please note

it is possible to know the reference rents.

How to challenge?

If the new rent exceeds reference rent increased effective on the date of signing of the lease, the tenant may dispute by sending a letter with acknowledgement of receipt to the owner (recommended procedure).

If it fails, it must enter the departmental conciliation board on which the house depends. This procedure is free of charge and obligatory in order to be able to refer the matter to the judge.

If the intervention of the commission results in a failure, the tenant may refer the matter to the protection litigation judge of the court on which the dwelling depends.

Amount of work at least equal to last year of rent

What new rent to set?

The new rent may be higher than the last rent applied to the previous tenant if improvement work have been 

  • less than 6 months
  • and for an amount at least equal to the last year of rent.

But the new rent cannot exceed reference rent increased effective on the date of signature of the lease.

Please note

it is possible to know the reference rents.

How to challenge?

If the new rent exceeds reference rent increased effective on the date of signing of the lease, the tenant may dispute by sending a letter with acknowledgement of receipt to the owner (recommended procedure).

If it fails, it must enter the departmental conciliation board on which the house depends. This procedure is free of charge and obligatory in order to be able to refer the matter to the judge.

If the intervention of the commission results in a failure, the tenant may refer the matter to the protection litigation judge of the court on which the dwelling depends.

Underpriced Rent

If the rent charged to the former tenant was undervalued, the new rent can be increased.

How do I know if the old rent is undervalued?

It is possible to estimate the undervaluation of rent based on rents usually found for comparable housing in the same geographic area.

Please note

these rent references are available on the rent observatory.

How do I set the new rent?

The following 2 rules must be followed:

1re rule, the increase in rent shall not exceed 50 % of the difference between the following amounts:

  • Amount of rent determined by reference to rents in the neighbourhood for comparable housing
  • Last rent applied to the previous tenant, possibly revised on the IRL if this has not been done in the last 12 months

2e rule, the new rent may not exceed reference rent increased effective on the date of signature of the lease.

Please note

it is possible to know the reference rents.

How can I contest the new rent?

If the new rent exceeds reference rent increased effective on the date of signing of the lease, the tenant may dispute by sending a letter with acknowledgement of receipt to the owner (recommended procedure).

If it fails, it must enter the departmental conciliation board on which the house depends. This procedure is free of charge and obligatory in order to be able to refer the matter to the judge.

If the intervention of the commission results in a failure, the tenant may refer the matter to the protection litigation judge of the court on which the dwelling depends.

Rent supplement

Terms

The landlord may apply a rent supplement if the following 2 conditions are met:

  • The accommodation has special characteristics (location, comfort)
  • The basic rent (excluding expenses) is equal to reference rent increased

Warning  

For a lease signed since August 18, 2022, rent supplement is not allowed if the housing has at least 1 of these characteristics: sanitary on the landing, signs of humidity on some walls, DPE: titleContent Class F or G, windows letting the air through (without ventilation grid), vis-à-vis less than 10 m, infiltration or flooding coming from the outside, problems of water evacuation during the last 3 months, degraded electrical installation, poor exposure of the main room.

If a rent supplement applies, the rent is equal to the sum of the basic rent and the rent supplement.

The amount of the rent supplement and the housing characteristics that justify it must be indicated in the lease.

Protest

The tenant may contest the rent supplement by first seizing the departmental conciliation board within 3 months from the date of signature of the lease. It is up to the landlord to prove that the rent supplement is justified.

If the Conciliation Commission reaches an agreement, the amount of the rent shall be that fixed by the conciliation document issued by the Commission. This new amount applies from the effective date of the lease.

But if the disagreement persists, the tenant has 3 months from the receipt of the opinion of the commission to ask, protection litigation judge of the court on which the dwelling depends, to cancel or reduce the rent supplement. The amount of rent fixed by the judge's decision shall apply from the date of entry into force of the lease.

FYI  

in case mobility lease, prior recourse to the conciliation board is not possible. However, it is possible to appeal to judicial conciliator.

Basic Rent

Base Rent Amount

The basic rent (amount of rent excluding charges and excluding rent supplement) shall not exceed reference rent increased effective on the date of signature of the lease.

Warning  

Where the lease is signed from 24 August 2022 and concerns accommodation of Class F or G (class indicated on the DPE: titleContent), basic rent must not exceed the rent applied to the previous tenant.

It is possible to know the reference rent increased by this simulator.

If basic rent exceeds reference rent increased, the tenant can request a rent reduction from the landlord (rent reduction action).

The tenant can send this proposal to the owner:

  • Either by registered letter with acknowledgement
  • Either by act of the Commissioner of Justice (formerly act of the judicial officer)
  • Either hand-delivered against receipt or outflow

The proposal shall contain the following elements:

Rent Information

The lease must indicate:

  • the basic rent (amount of rent excluding charges and excluding rent supplement)
  • the reference rent and reference rent increased in force on the date of signature of the lease and which correspond to the category of the accommodation (location, number of rooms...)

FYI  

it is possible to know the reference rents.

If this is not the case, the tenant has 1 month from the effective date of the lease to send to the owner by registered mail with acknowledgement of receipt a notice to do it.

The landlord has 1 month to respond from the date of receipt of the tenant's proposal.

In the absence of a reply or in the event of the owner's refusal within this time limit, the tenant may enter the protection litigation judge the court on which the house depends, to get a reduction of the rent, if necessary.

Rent supplement

Terms

The landlord may apply a rent supplement if the following 2 conditions are met:

  • The accommodation has special characteristics (location, comfort)
  • The basic rent (excluding expenses) is equal to reference rent increased

Warning  

For a lease signed since August 18, 2022, rent supplement is not allowed if the housing has at least 1 of these characteristics: sanitary on the landing, signs of humidity on some walls, DPE: titleContent Class F or G, windows letting the air through (without ventilation grid), vis-à-vis less than 10 m, infiltration or flooding coming from the outside, problems of water evacuation during the last 3 months, degraded electrical installation, poor exposure of the main room.

If a rent supplement applies, the rent is equal to the sum of the basic rent and the rent supplement.

The amount of the rent supplement and the housing characteristics that justify it must be indicated in the lease.

Protest

The tenant may contest the rent supplement by first seizing the departmental conciliation board within 3 months from the date of signature of the lease. It is up to the landlord to prove that the rent supplement is justified.

If the Conciliation Commission reaches an agreement, the amount of the rent shall be that fixed by the conciliation document issued by the Commission. This new amount applies from the effective date of the lease.

But if the disagreement persists, the tenant has 3 months from the receipt of the opinion of the commission to ask, protection litigation judge of the court on which the dwelling depends, to cancel or reduce the rent supplement. The amount of rent fixed by the judge's decision shall apply from the date of entry into force of the lease.

FYI  

in case mobility lease, prior recourse to the conciliation board is not possible. However, it is possible to appeal to judicial conciliator.

Lyon and Villeurbanne

In Lyon and Villeurbanne, the rent of a dwelling whose lease is signed or renewed since 1to November 2021 must not exceed a maximum amount fixed by prefectural decree. This maximum amount depends on the type of rental (empty or furnished), the number of rooms and the time of construction of the dwelling.

The rent (excluding charges) can be composed of 2 elements: basic rent and rent supplement.

Basic Rent

Base Rent Amount

The basic rent (amount of rent excluding charges and excluding rent supplement) shall not exceed reference rent increased effective on the date of signature of the lease.

FYI  

it is possible to know the reference rents.

If basic rent exceeds reference rent increased, the tenant can request a rent reduction from the landlord (rent reduction action).

The tenant can send this proposal to the owner:

  • Either by registered letter with acknowledgement
  • Either by act of the Commissioner of Justice (formerly act of the judicial officer)
  • Either hand-delivered against receipt or outflow

The proposal shall contain the following elements:

Rent Information

The lease must indicate:

  • the basic rent (amount of rent excluding charges and excluding rent supplement),
  • the reference rent and reference rent increased in force on the date of signature of the lease and which correspond to the category of the accommodation (location, number of rooms...)?

FYI  

it is possible to know the reference rents.

If this is not the case, the tenant has 1 month from the effective date of the lease to send to the owner by registered mail with acknowledgement of receipt a notice to do it.

The landlord has 1 month to respond from the date of receipt of the tenant's proposal.

In the absence of a reply or in the event of the owner's refusal within this time limit, the tenant may enter the protection litigation judge the court on which the house depends, to get a reduction of the rent, if necessary.

Rent supplement

Terms

The landlord may apply a rent supplement if the following 2 conditions are met:

  • The accommodation has special characteristics (location, comfort)
  • The basic rent (excluding expenses) is equal to reference rent increased

Warning  

For a lease signed since August 18, 2022, rent supplement is not allowed if the housing has at least 1 of these characteristics: sanitary on the landing, signs of humidity on some walls, DPE: titleContent Class F or G, windows letting the air through (without ventilation grid), vis-à-vis less than 10 m, infiltration or flooding coming from the outside, problems of water evacuation during the last 3 months, degraded electrical installation, poor exposure of the main room.

If a rent supplement applies, the rent is equal to the sum of the basic rent and the rent supplement.

The amount of the rent supplement and the housing characteristics that justify it must be indicated in the lease.

Protest

The tenant may contest the rent supplement by first seizing the departmental conciliation board within 3 months from the date of signature of the lease. It is up to the landlord to prove that the rent supplement is justified.

If the Conciliation Commission reaches an agreement, the amount of the rent shall be that fixed by the conciliation document issued by the Commission. This new amount applies from the effective date of the lease.

But if the disagreement persists, the tenant has 3 months from the receipt of the opinion of the commission to ask, protection litigation judge of the court on which the dwelling depends, to cancel or reduce the rent supplement. The amount of rent fixed by the judge's decision shall apply from the date of entry into force of the lease.

FYI  

in case mobility lease, prior recourse to the conciliation board is not possible. However, it is possible to appeal to judicial conciliator.

Warning  

a mobility lease cannot be renewed.

As the lease renewal approaches:

  • when the basic rent (excluding charges and excluding rent supplement) is less than reference rent reduced, the owner may share in rent revaluation,
  • where the basic rent is higher than reference rent increased, the tenant may rent reduction action.

Please note

it is possible to know the reference rents.

Répondez aux questions successives et les réponses s’afficheront automatiquement

Share in rent revaluation

What are the conditions?
  • The new rent (excluding charges and excluding rent supplement) must not be greater than reference rent reduced in effect at the time the landlord informs the tenant. It is possible to know the reference rents.
  • Where the renewal takes place from 24 August 2022, the accommodation shall be classified as A, B, C, D or E (as indicated on the DPE: titleContent). From this date, the rent of a housing classified F or G cannot be increased.
How do I inform the tenant?

The landlord must inform the tenant of the new rent, at least 6 months before the end of the lease.

The owner must send him a notification ::

  • Either by registered letter with acknowledgement
  • Either by act of the Commissioner of Justice (formerly act of the judicial officer)
  • Either by hand-in-hand against receipt or outflow

This notification must contain the following:

FYI  

when the owner commits rent revaluation share, he cannot give his notice (leave) to the tenant for the lease term.

How to challenge?

Tenant may challenge the share for rent revaluation.

To do this, he must provide the landlord with 6 rental references of comparable housing, located:

  • Or in the same group of buildings
  • In any other group of buildings with similar characteristics and located in the same geographical area

Please note

these rent references are available on the rent observatory.

In case of disagreement or in the absence of a response from the tenant or the owner to the request for a revaluation of the rent, either must enter, 4 months before the end of the lease, the Departmental Conciliation Commission (CDC).

If the disagreement persists despite the action of the CDC, the protection litigation judge can be entered before the end of the lease.

Warning  

if the judge is not seized before the end of the lease, the lease is renewed under the previous terms of the rent. However, if the old rent has not been revised in the previous 12 months, the landlord may revise to fix the new rent.

How do I apply the new rent?

When a new rent is decided by the tenant and landlord or by the judge, it applies gradually from the renewal of the lease.

The rent increase is spread out:

  • For a 3-year lease, 1/3 per year (or 1/6 per year if the rent increase is greater than 10%)
  • For a 6-year lease, 1/6 per year

Example :

For a lease is 3 years, the last monthly rent (excluding charges and excluding rent supplement) applied to the tenant before the renewal of the lease is €600 and the new rent is €650 ::

  • The increase to be applied is €50 monthly
  • This increase is less than 10% of the rent, because 600 X 10% = €60, then its application will be 1/3 per year.
  • Monthly rent will be increased on the 1re year €16.67 per month €50 x 1/3 = €16.67 ), then 2e year €33.33 per month €50 x 2/3 = €33.33), and 3e year €50 per month.

However, the proposed increase shall not exceed the greater of the following 2 limits:

  • 50% the difference between the rent corresponding to the rents charged in the neighbourhood for comparable housing and the last rent applied to the tenant before the renewal of the lease (possibly revised if this had not been done within the last 12 months)
  • An increase in the annual rent equal to 15% the actual cost of work done since the last renewal of the lease (improvement work or upgrading work), where the amount of such work is at least equal to the amount of the last year of rent.

Action on rent reduction

If the basic rent (excluding charges and excluding rent supplement) included in the lease is greater than the reference rent plus, the tenant can ask the landlord for a reduction in the basic rent.

The following 2 conditions must be met:

  • The tenant applies at least 5 months before the lease term
  • The increased reference rent taken into consideration is that in force on the date of application

Please note

it is possible to know the reference rents.

The tenant must address his written request to the owner:

  • Either by registered letter with acknowledgement
  • Either by act of the Commissioner of Justice (formerly act of the judicial officer)
  • Either by hand-in-hand against receipt or outflow

The application must contain the following:

If the landlord refuses, or does not respond to the tenant, the tenant must enter the Departmental Conciliation Commission (CDC) no later than 4 months before the lease expires.

If no agreement is reached in spite of the action taken by the CDC, the tenant may seize the protection litigation judge before the lease expires.

Warning  

if the tenant does not refer the matter to the judge within that time, the lease shall be renewed under the previous conditions of the rent. If the old rent has not been revised in the previous 12 months, the landlord may revise.

The rent (excluding charges) can be composed of 2 elements: basic rent and rent supplement.

Basic Rent

Basic rent (excluding charges and excluding rent supplement) of a dwelling which has been returned to the market after less than 18 months of inoccupation may be increased only in certain cases:

But the new basic rent must not exceed reference rent increased effective on the date of signature of the lease.

It is possible to know the reference rent increased by this simulator.

Warning  

Where the lease is signed from 24 August 2022 and concerns accommodation of Class F or G (class indicated on the DPE: titleContent), basic rent must not exceed the rent applied to the previous tenant.

Rent not revised

The amount of the new rent must not exceed the amount of the last rent applied to the previous tenant.

However, it may be increased by the annual variation of IRL published on the date of signature of the new lease, if none review has not taken place in the past 12 months.

In all cases, the new rent must not exceed reference rent increased effective on the date of signature of the lease.

Please note

it is possible to know the reference rents.

If the new rent exceeds reference rent increased effective on the date of signing of the lease, the tenant may dispute by sending a letter with acknowledgement of receipt to the owner (recommended procedure).

If it fails, it must enter the departmental conciliation board on which the house depends. This procedure is free of charge and obligatory in order to be able to refer the matter to the judge.

If the intervention of the commission results in a failure, the tenant may refer the matter to the protection litigation judge of the court on which the dwelling depends.

Warning  

the amount of rent applied to the last tenant must be entered in the lease.

Work

Amount of work not less than 50% of last year of rent

Terms

The new rent may be higher than the last rent applied to the previous tenant, if the landlord has financed work.

This work can be:

  • of improvement work (excluding energy-saving work that resulted in a rent increase for cost reduction)
  • or work on standards of decency.

This work shall:

  • have been carried out (in common or private areas) since the departure of the last tenant
  • and be at least 50% of the last year of rent (excluding charges).
What new rent to set?

If these conditions are met, the annual rent charged to the previous tenant may be increased:

  • an amount equal to 15 % of the amount of the work, including VAT,
  • within reference rent increased effective on the date of signature of the lease.

Please note

it is possible to know the reference rents.

How to challenge?

If the new rent exceeds reference rent increased effective on the date of signing of the lease, the tenant may dispute by sending a letter with acknowledgement of receipt to the owner (recommended procedure).

If it fails, it must enter the departmental conciliation board on which the house depends. This procedure is free of charge and obligatory in order to be able to refer the matter to the judge.

If the intervention of the commission results in a failure, the tenant may refer the matter to the protection litigation judge of the court on which the dwelling depends.

Amount of work at least equal to last year of rent

What new rent to set?

The new rent may be higher than the last rent applied to the previous tenant if improvement work have been carried out:

  • less than 6 months
  • and for an amount at least equal to the last year of rent.

But the new rent cannot exceed reference rent increased effective on the date of signature of the lease.

Please note

it is possible to know the reference rents.

How to challenge?

If the new rent exceeds reference rent increased effective on the date of signing of the lease, the tenant may dispute by sending a letter with acknowledgement of receipt to the owner (recommended procedure).

If it fails, it must enter the departmental conciliation board on which the house depends. This procedure is free of charge and obligatory in order to be able to refer the matter to the judge.

If the intervention of the commission results in a failure, the tenant may refer the matter to the protection litigation judge of the court on which the dwelling depends.

Underpriced Rent

If the rent charged to the former tenant was undervalued, the new rent can be increased.

How do I know if the old rent is undervalued?

It is possible to estimate the undervaluation of rent based on rents usually found for comparable housing in the same geographic area.

Please note

these rent references are available on the rent observatory.

How do I set the new rent?

The following 2 rules must be followed:

1re rule, the increase in rent shall not exceed 50 % of the difference between the following amounts:

  • Amount of rent determined by reference to rents in the neighbourhood for comparable housing
  • Last rent applied to the previous tenant, possibly revised on the IRL if this has not been done in the last 12 months

2e rule, the new rent may not exceed reference rent increased effective on the date of signature of the lease.

Please note

it is possible to know the reference rents.

How can I contest the new rent?

If the new rent exceeds reference rent increased effective on the date of signing of the lease, the tenant may dispute by sending a letter with acknowledgement of receipt to the owner (recommended procedure).

If it fails, it must enter the departmental conciliation board on which the house depends. This procedure is free of charge and obligatory in order to be able to refer the matter to the judge.

If the intervention of the commission results in a failure, the tenant may refer the matter to the protection litigation judge of the court on which the dwelling depends.

Rent supplement

Terms

The landlord may apply a rent supplement if the following 2 conditions are met:

  • The accommodation has special characteristics (location, comfort)
  • The basic rent (excluding expenses) is equal to reference rent increased

Warning  

For a lease signed since August 18, 2022, rent supplement is not allowed if the housing has at least 1 of these characteristics: sanitary on the landing, signs of humidity on some walls, DPE: titleContent Class F or G, windows letting the air through (without ventilation grid), vis-à-vis less than 10 m, infiltration or flooding coming from the outside, problems of water evacuation during the last 3 months, degraded electrical installation, poor exposure of the main room.

If a rent supplement applies, the rent is equal to the sum of the basic rent and the rent supplement.

The amount of the rent supplement and the housing characteristics that justify it must be indicated in the lease.

Protest

The tenant may contest the rent supplement by first seizing the departmental conciliation board within 3 months from the date of signature of the lease. It is up to the landlord to prove that the rent supplement is justified.

If the Conciliation Commission reaches an agreement, the amount of the rent shall be that fixed by the conciliation document issued by the Commission. This new amount applies from the effective date of the lease.

But if the disagreement persists, the tenant has 3 months from the receipt of the opinion of the commission to ask, protection litigation judge of the court on which the dwelling depends, to cancel or reduce the rent supplement. The amount of rent fixed by the judge's decision shall apply from the date of entry into force of the lease.

FYI  

in case mobility lease, prior recourse to the conciliation board is not possible. However, it is possible to appeal to judicial conciliator.

The rent (excluding charges) can be composed of 2 elements: basic rent and rent supplement.

Basic Rent

Base Rent Amount

The basic rent (amount of rent excluding charges and excluding rent supplement) shall not exceed reference rent increased effective on the date of signature of the lease.

Warning  

Where the lease is signed from 24 August 2022 and concerns accommodation of Class F or G (class indicated on the DPE: titleContent), basic rent must not exceed the rent applied to the previous tenant.

It is possible to know the reference rent increased by this simulator.

If basic rent exceeds reference rent increased, the tenant can request a rent reduction from the landlord (rent reduction action).

The tenant can send this proposal to the owner:

  • Either by registered letter with acknowledgement
  • Either by act of the Commissioner of Justice (formerly act of the judicial officer)
  • Either hand-delivered against receipt or outflow

The proposal shall contain the following elements:

Rent Information

The lease must indicate:

  • the basic rent (amount of rent excluding charges and excluding rent supplement)
  • the reference rent and reference rent increased in force on the date of signature of the lease and which correspond to the category of the accommodation (location, number of rooms...) 

FYI  

it is possible to know the reference rents.

If this is not the case, the tenant has 1 month from the effective date of the lease to send to the owner by registered mail with acknowledgement of receipt a notice to do it.

The landlord has 1 month to respond from the date of receipt of the tenant's proposal.

In the absence of a reply or in the event of the owner's refusal within this time limit, the tenant may enter the protection litigation judge the court on which the house depends, to get a reduction of the rent, if necessary.

Rent supplement

Terms

The landlord may apply a rent supplement if the following 2 conditions are met:

  • The accommodation has special characteristics (location, comfort)
  • The basic rent (excluding expenses) is equal to reference rent increased

Warning  

For a lease signed since August 18, 2022, rent supplement is not allowed if the housing has at least 1 of these characteristics: sanitary on the landing, signs of humidity on some walls, DPE: titleContent Class F or G, windows letting the air through (without ventilation grid), vis-à-vis less than 10 m, infiltration or flooding coming from the outside, problems of water evacuation during the last 3 months, degraded electrical installation, poor exposure of the main room.

If a rent supplement applies, the rent is equal to the sum of the basic rent and the rent supplement.

The amount of the rent supplement and the housing characteristics that justify it must be indicated in the lease.

Protest

The tenant may contest the rent supplement by first seizing the departmental conciliation board within 3 months from the date of signature of the lease. It is up to the landlord to prove that the rent supplement is justified.

If the Conciliation Commission reaches an agreement, the amount of the rent shall be that fixed by the conciliation document issued by the Commission. This new amount applies from the effective date of the lease.

But if the disagreement persists, the tenant has 3 months from the receipt of the opinion of the commission to ask, protection litigation judge of the court on which the dwelling depends, to cancel or reduce the rent supplement. The amount of rent fixed by the judge's decision shall apply from the date of entry into force of the lease.

FYI  

in case mobility lease, prior recourse to the conciliation board is not possible. However, it is possible to appeal to judicial conciliator.

Common plain

In the cities of Common plain, the rent of a dwelling whose lease is signed or renewed since 1to June 2021 is framed by reference rents fixed by the prefect. These reference rents vary according to the type of rental (empty or furnished), the number of rooms and the time of construction of the dwelling.

Some of the accommodation units are not affected by the rent guidelines, as they are subject to other rules. It's about units subject to the 1948 act or agreed by Anah (excluding intermediate rent agreements), social housing (HLM), tourist furniture and sub-leases.

Basic Rent

Base Rent Amount

The basic rent (amount of rent excluding charges and excluding rent supplement) shall not exceed reference rent increased effective on the date of signature of the lease.

FYI  

it is possible to know the reference rents.

If basic rent exceeds reference rent increased, the tenant can request a rent reduction from the landlord (rent reduction action).

The tenant can send this proposal to the owner:

  • Either by registered letter with acknowledgement
  • Either by act of the Commissioner of Justice (formerly act of the judicial officer)
  • Either hand-delivered against receipt or outflow

The proposal shall contain the following elements:

Rent Information

The lease must indicate:

  • the basic rent (amount of rent excluding charges and excluding rent supplement)
  • the reference rent and reference rent increased in force on the date of signature of the lease and which correspond to the category of the accommodation (location, number of rooms...)

FYI  

it is possible to know the reference rents.

If this is not the case, the tenant has 1 month from the effective date of the lease to send to the owner by registered mail with acknowledgement of receipt a notice to do it.

The landlord has 1 month to respond from the date of receipt of the tenant's proposal.

In the absence of a reply or in the event of the owner's refusal within this time limit, the tenant may enter the protection litigation judge the court on which the house depends, to get a reduction of the rent, if necessary.

Rent supplement

Terms

The landlord may apply a rent supplement if the following 2 conditions are met:

  • The accommodation has special characteristics (location, comfort)
  • The basic rent (excluding expenses) is equal to reference rent increased

Warning  

For a lease signed since August 18, 2022, rent supplement is not allowed if the housing has at least 1 of these characteristics: sanitary on the landing, signs of humidity on some walls, DPE: titleContent Class F or G, windows letting the air through (without ventilation grid), vis-à-vis less than 10 m, infiltration or flooding coming from the outside, problems of water evacuation during the last 3 months, degraded electrical installation, poor exposure of the main room.

If a rent supplement applies, the rent is equal to the sum of the basic rent and the rent supplement.

The amount of the rent supplement and the housing characteristics that justify it must be indicated in the lease.

Protest

The tenant may contest the rent supplement by first seizing the departmental conciliation board within 3 months from the date of signature of the lease. It is up to the landlord to prove that the rent supplement is justified.

If the Conciliation Commission reaches an agreement, the amount of the rent shall be that fixed by the conciliation document issued by the Commission. This new amount applies from the effective date of the lease.

But if the disagreement persists, the tenant has 3 months from the receipt of the opinion of the commission to ask, protection litigation judge of the court on which the dwelling depends, to cancel or reduce the rent supplement. The amount of rent fixed by the judge's decision shall apply from the date of entry into force of the lease.

FYI  

in case mobility lease, prior recourse to the conciliation board is not possible. However, it is possible to appeal to judicial conciliator.

Warning  

a mobility lease cannot be renewed.

As the lease renewal approaches:

  • when the basic rent (excluding charges and excluding rent supplement) is less than reference rent reduced, the owner may share in rent revaluation.
  • where the basic rent is higher than reference rent increased, the tenant may rent reduction action.

Please note

it is possible to know the reference rents.

Répondez aux questions successives et les réponses s’afficheront automatiquement

Share in rent revaluation

What are the conditions?

The landlord must inform the tenant of the new rent at least 6 months before the end of the lease.

This new rent (excluding charges and excluding charges) rent supplement) must not be greater than reference rent reduced in effect at the time the landlord informs the tenant.

Please note

it is possible to know the reference rents.

The owner must send a notification to the tenant:

  • Either by registered letter with acknowledgement
  • Or act of commissioner of justice (formerly act of judicial officer)
  • Either by hand-in-hand against receipt or outflow

This notification must contain the following:

FYI  

when the owner commits rent revaluation share, he cannot give his notice (leave) to the tenant for the lease term.

How to challenge?

Tenant may challenge the share for rent revaluation.

To do this, he must provide the landlord with 6 rental references of comparable housing, located:

  • Or in the same group of buildings
  • In any other group of buildings with similar characteristics and located in the same geographical area

Please note

these rent references are available on the the observatoire des rents en agglomération parisienne.

In case of disagreement or in the absence of a response from the tenant or the owner to the request for a revaluation of the rent, either must enter, 4 months before the end of the lease, the Departmental Conciliation Commission (CDC).

If the disagreement persists despite the action of the CDC, the protection litigation judge can be entered before the end of the lease.

Warning  

if the judge is not seized before the end of the lease, the lease is renewed under the previous terms of the rent. However, if the old rent has not been revised in the previous 12 months, the landlord may revise to fix the new rent.

How do I apply the new rent?

When a new rent is decided by the tenant and landlord or by the judge, it applies gradually from the renewal of the lease.

The rent increase is spread out:

  • For a 3-year lease, 1/3 per year (or 1/6 per year if the rent increase is greater than 10%)
  • For a 6-year lease, 1/6 per year

Example :

For a lease is 3 years, the last monthly rent (excluding charges and excluding rent supplement) applied to the tenant before the renewal of the lease is €600 and the new rent is €650 ::

  • The increase to be applied is €50 monthly
  • This increase is less than 10% rent, car €600 x 10% = €60, then its application will be 1/3 per year.
  • Monthly rent will be increased on the 1re year €16.67 per month €50 x 1/3 = €16.67 ), then 2e year €33.33 per month €50 x 2/3 = €33.33), and 3e year €50 per month.

However, the proposed increase shall not exceed the greater of the following 2 limits:

  • 50% the difference between the rent corresponding to the rents charged in the neighbourhood for comparable housing and the last rent applied to the tenant before the renewal of the lease (possibly revised if this had not been done within the last 12 months)
  • An increase in the annual rent equal to 15% the actual cost of work done since the last renewal of the lease (improvement work or upgrading work), where the amount of such work is at least equal to the amount of the last year of rent.

Action on rent reduction

If the basic rent (excluding charges and excluding rent supplement) included in the lease is greater than the reference rent plus, the tenant can ask the landlord for a reduction in the basic rent.

The following 2 conditions must be met:

  • The tenant applies at least 5 months before the lease term
  • The increased reference rent taken into consideration is that in force on the date of application

Please note

it is possible to know the reference rents.

The tenant must address his written request to the owner:

  • Either by registered letter with acknowledgement
  • Or act of commissioner of justice
  • Either by hand-in-hand against receipt or outflow

The application must contain the following:

If the landlord refuses, or does not respond to the tenant, the tenant must enter the Departmental Conciliation Commission (CDC) no later than 4 months before the lease expires.

If no agreement is reached in spite of the action taken by the CDC, the tenant may seize the protection litigation judge before the lease expires.

Warning  

if the tenant does not refer the matter to the judge within that time, the lease shall be renewed under the previous conditions of the rent. If the old rent has not been revised in the previous 12 months, the landlord may revise.

Basic Rent

Basic rent (excluding charges and excluding rent supplement) of a dwelling which has been returned to the market after less than 18 months of inoccupation may be increased only in certain cases:

But the new basic rent must not exceed reference rent increased effective on the date of signature of the lease.

Please note

it is possible to know the reference rents.

Rent not revised

The amount of the new rent must not exceed the amount of the last rent applied to the previous tenant.

However, it may be increased by the annual variation of IRL published on the date of signature of the new lease, if none review has not taken place in the past 12 months.

In all cases, the new rent must not exceed reference rent increased effective on the date of signature of the lease.

Please note

it is possible to know the reference rents.

If the new rent exceeds reference rent increased effective on the date of signing of the lease, the tenant may dispute by sending a letter with acknowledgement of receipt to the owner (recommended procedure).

If it fails, it must enter the departmental conciliation board on which the house depends. This procedure is free of charge and obligatory in order to be able to refer the matter to the judge.

If the intervention of the commission results in a failure, the tenant may refer the matter to the protection litigation judge of the court on which the dwelling depends.

Warning  

the amount of rent applied to the last tenant must be entered in the lease.

Work

Amount of work not less than 50% of last year of rent

Terms

The new rent may be higher than the last rent applied to the previous tenant, if the landlord has financed work.

This work can be:

  • of improvement work (excluding energy-saving work that resulted in a rent increase for cost reduction)
  • or work on standards of decency

This work shall:

  • Have been completed (in the common or private areas) since the departure of the last tenant
  • And be at least 50% of the last year of rent (excluding charges)
What new rent to set?

If these conditions are met, the annual rent charged to the previous tenant may be increased:

  • of an amount equal to 15% of the amount of work TTC: titleContent
  • within reference rent increased effective on the date of signature of the lease

Please note

it is possible to know the reference rents.

How to challenge?

If the new rent exceeds reference rent increased effective on the date of signing of the lease, the tenant may dispute by sending a letter with acknowledgement of receipt to the owner (recommended procedure).

If it fails, it must enter the departmental conciliation board on which the house depends. This procedure is free of charge and obligatory in order to be able to refer the matter to the judge.

If the intervention of the commission results in a failure, the tenant may refer the matter to the protection litigation judge of the court on which the dwelling depends.

Amount of work at least equal to last year of rent

What new rent to set?

The new rent may be higher than the last rent applied to the previous tenant if improvement work have been carried out:

  • For less than 6 months
  • And for an amount at least equal to the last year of rent

But the new rent cannot exceed reference rent increased effective on the date of signature of the lease.

Please note

it is possible to know the reference rents.

How to challenge?

If the new rent exceeds reference rent increased effective on the date of signing of the lease, the tenant may dispute by sending a letter with acknowledgement of receipt to the owner (recommended procedure).

If it fails, it must enter the departmental conciliation board on which the house depends. This procedure is free of charge and obligatory in order to be able to refer the matter to the judge.

If the intervention of the commission results in a failure, the tenant may refer the matter to the protection litigation judge of the court on which the dwelling depends.

Underpriced Rent

If the rent charged to the former tenant was undervalued, the new rent can be increased.

How do I know if the old rent is undervalued?

It is possible to estimate the undervaluation of rent based on rents usually found for comparable housing in the same geographic area.

Please note

these rent references are available on the the observatoire des rents en agglomération parisienne.

How do I set the new rent?

The following 2 rules must be followed:

1re rule, the increase in rent must not exceed 50% the difference between:

  • Amount of rent determined by reference to rents in the neighbourhood for comparable housing
  • Last rent applied to the previous tenant, possibly revised on the IRL if this has not been done in the last 12 months

2e rule, the new rent cannot exceed reference rent increased effective on the date of signature of the lease.

Please note

it is possible to know the reference rents.

How can I contest the new rent?

If the new rent exceeds reference rent increased effective on the date of signing of the lease, the tenant may dispute by sending a letter with acknowledgement of receipt to the owner (recommended procedure).

If it fails, it must enter the departmental conciliation board on which the house depends. This procedure is free of charge and obligatory in order to be able to refer the matter to the judge.

If the intervention of the commission results in a failure, the tenant may refer the matter to the protection litigation judge of the court on which the dwelling depends.

Rent supplement

Terms

The landlord may apply a rent supplement if the following 2 conditions are met:

  • The accommodation has special characteristics (location, comfort)
  • The basic rent (excluding expenses) is equal to reference rent increased

Warning  

For a lease signed since August 18, 2022, rent supplement is not allowed if the housing has at least 1 of these characteristics: sanitary on the landing, signs of humidity on some walls, DPE: titleContent Class F or G, windows letting the air through (without ventilation grid), vis-à-vis less than 10 m, infiltration or flooding coming from the outside, problems of water evacuation during the last 3 months, degraded electrical installation, poor exposure of the main room.

If a rent supplement applies, the rent is equal to the sum of the basic rent and the rent supplement.

The amount of the rent supplement and the housing characteristics that justify it must be indicated in the lease.

Protest

The tenant may contest the rent supplement by first seizing the departmental conciliation board within 3 months from the date of signature of the lease. It is up to the landlord to prove that the rent supplement is justified.

If the Conciliation Commission reaches an agreement, the amount of the rent shall be that fixed by the conciliation document issued by the Commission. This new amount applies from the effective date of the lease.

But if the disagreement persists, the tenant has 3 months from the receipt of the opinion of the commission to ask, protection litigation judge of the court on which the dwelling depends, to cancel or reduce the rent supplement. The amount of rent fixed by the judge's decision shall apply from the date of entry into force of the lease.

FYI  

in case mobility lease, prior recourse to the conciliation board is not possible. However, it is possible to appeal to judicial conciliator.

Basic Rent

Base Rent Amount

The basic rent (amount of rent excluding charges and excluding rent supplement) shall not exceed reference rent increased effective on the date of signature of the lease.

FYI  

it is possible to know the reference rents.

If basic rent exceeds reference rent increased, the tenant can request a rent reduction from the landlord (rent reduction action).

The tenant can send this proposal to the owner:

  • Either by registered letter with acknowledgement
  • Either by act of the Commissioner of Justice (formerly act of the judicial officer)
  • Either hand-delivered against receipt or outflow

The proposal shall contain the following elements:

Rent Information

The lease must indicate:

  • the basic rent (amount of rent excluding charges and excluding rent supplement)
  • the reference rent and reference rent increased in force on the date of signature of the lease and which correspond to the category of the accommodation (location, number of rooms...)

FYI  

it is possible to know the reference rents.

If this is not the case, the tenant has 1 month from the effective date of the lease to send to the owner by registered mail with acknowledgement of receipt a notice to do it.

The landlord has 1 month to respond from the date of receipt of the tenant's proposal.

In the absence of a reply or in the event of the owner's refusal within this time limit, the tenant may enter the protection litigation judge the court on which the house depends, to get a reduction of the rent, if necessary.

Rent supplement

Terms

The landlord may apply a rent supplement if the following 2 conditions are met:

  • The accommodation has special characteristics (location, comfort)
  • The basic rent (excluding expenses) is equal to reference rent increased

Warning  

For a lease signed since August 18, 2022, rent supplement is not allowed if the housing has at least 1 of these characteristics: sanitary on the landing, signs of humidity on some walls, DPE: titleContent Class F or G, windows letting the air through (without ventilation grid), vis-à-vis less than 10 m, infiltration or flooding coming from the outside, problems of water evacuation during the last 3 months, degraded electrical installation, poor exposure of the main room.

If a rent supplement applies, the rent is equal to the sum of the basic rent and the rent supplement.

The amount of the rent supplement and the housing characteristics that justify it must be indicated in the lease.

Protest

The tenant may contest the rent supplement by first seizing the departmental conciliation board within 3 months from the date of signature of the lease. It is up to the landlord to prove that the rent supplement is justified.

If the Conciliation Commission reaches an agreement, the amount of the rent shall be that fixed by the conciliation document issued by the Commission. This new amount applies from the effective date of the lease.

But if the disagreement persists, the tenant has 3 months from the receipt of the opinion of the commission to ask, protection litigation judge of the court on which the dwelling depends, to cancel or reduce the rent supplement. The amount of rent fixed by the judge's decision shall apply from the date of entry into force of the lease.

FYI  

in case mobility lease, prior recourse to the conciliation board is not possible. However, it is possible to appeal to judicial conciliator.

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