Selecting a language will automatically trigger the translation of the page content.

What are the height and distance rules for a fence wall?

Verified 20 July 2020 - Directorate for Legal and Administrative Information (Prime Minister)

The rules to follow depend on the type of fence (wall, hedge, fence or palisade):

Wall

What are the rules to follow?

You must contact the planning department of your town hall to find out if there are local rules:

  • by the local town plan (PLU) or the communal map
  • or local uses
Who shall I contact

In the absence of applicable local rules:

  • if your land is located in a commune of less than 50,000 inhabitants, your wall including the chaperon (top of the roof-shaped wall) must respect a minimum height of 2.60 meters
  • if your land is located in a commune of 50,000 inhabitants or more, your wall including the chaperon (top of the roof-shaped wall) must respect a minimum height of 3.20 meters

Please note

in practice, local rules set the height to be respected.

Do you need planning permission (prior declaration or building permit)?

Before you build the wall, you'll have to do a prior declaration of work at the town hall if:

  • the local town planning plan (PLU) requires it
  • or if the wall height is 2 meters or more
  • or if your land is located in an area where this is required. It can be the edges of a listed heritage site or a historical monument, a listed site (classified or awaiting classification), an area delimited by the PLU, an area defined by the municipality or theEPCI: titleContent..

If your land does not correspond to any of these situations, you do not need planning permission.

Vegetable fence (hedge / trees or shrubs)

What are the rules to follow?

Plantations such as trees, shrubs and shrubs can be planted near the separating boundary of your land and that of your neighbor, provided that a minimum distance is respected.

This minimum distance may be fixed by local rules provided for by existing special regulations or by constant and recognized local uses. To find out about the existence of these local rules, you must ask your local council.

Who shall I contact

If there are no local rules, the minimum distance to be respected from the neighboring land varies depending on the height of your plantation:

  • Where the height of the plantation is less than or equal to 2 meters, the minimum distance to be respected in the neighboring property limit shall be 0,5 meters.
  • Where the height of the plantation is greater than 2 meters, the minimum distance to be respected in the neighboring property limit shall be 2 meters.

The distance is measured from the middle of the tree trunk. The height of the plantation is measured from the ground to the top of the tree.

If you don't follow these rules, your neighbor may require that your fence be torn or reduced to legal height..

Please note

there are rules about maintenance of plantations (hedges and trees) and fruit picking located near your neighbor's land.

Do you need planning permission (prior declaration or building permit)?

Before you build the wall, you'll have to do a prior declaration of work at the town hall if:

  • the local town planning plan (PLU) requires it
  • or if your land is located in an area where this is required. It can be the edges of a listed heritage site or a historical monument, a listed site (classified or awaiting classification), an area delimited by the PLU, an area defined by the municipality or theEPCI: titleContent..
Other fence (fence, fence, ...)

What are the rules to follow?

You must contact the planning department of your town hall to find out if there are local rules:

  • by the local town plan (PLU) or the communal map
  • or local uses
Who shall I contact

In the absence of applicable local rules:

  • if your land is located in a community of less than 50,000 inhabitants, your wall must respect a minimum height of 2.60 meters
  • if your land is located in a community of 50,000 inhabitants or more, your wall must respect a minimum height of 3.20 meters

Please note

in practice, local rules set the height to be respected.

Do you need planning permission (prior declaration or building permit)?

Before you build the wall, you'll have to do a prior declaration of work at the town hall if:

  • the local town planning plan (PLU) requires it
  • or if your land is located in an area where this is required. It can be the edges of a listed heritage site or a historical monument, a listed site (classified or awaiting classification), an area delimited by the PLU, an area defined by the municipality or theEPCI: titleContent..

FYI  

there are other rules relating to the location of your future viewport or the specifics of your field (land in housing estate, near a road, ...).