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Home: outside work

Verified 13 juillet 2020 - Directorate for Legal and Administrative Information (Prime Minister)

You can do some work outside your home freely. Depending on their nature and size, it may be necessary to apply for planning permission (prior declaration or building permit).

Generally, maintenance or repairs that do not alter the exterior appearance of your home are not subject to any authorization. This may be the case, in particular, for the following works:

  • Repair or repair of a roof
  • Replacement of doors and windows
  • Replacing a gutter
  • Repairing a chimney

However, if the work or repairs result in a change in the exterior appearance of your home, an authorization is required: they are subject to prior declaration or at a request from building permit, depending on their size and characteristics. This is also the case for expansion works and new constructions.

Who shall I contact

It is possible to fence off its land to prevent access. However, if there is easement on your land, you can close it on the condition that you leave a passage for your neighbor (for example, by adding a door).

Where should your fence be?

Before closing your land, you must limit, if not already done.

Boundary delineates your land, i.e., the dividing line between your land and that of your neighbor.

You must install the fence behind the dividing line between your land and your neighbor's land. If you put your fence on the land boundary, your fence encroaches on your neighbor's land. In such cases, the judge may require the demolition of the vessel by referring the matter to the court.

Even if your fence is located on your land, it should not be an inconvenience to your neighbor. The court could be sued for damages or the demolition of your fence if the court considers that your fence damages the sunshine of its land.

  Please note : 2 neighboring owners may decide to install a fence on the separate boundary of their land, sharing the cost. Before installing it, you must establish a joint-service agreement with the notary. The maintenance and repair work of a semi-detached fence is subject to specific rules..

Can you freely choose the characteristics of your fence?

The rules to follow depend on the type of fence (wall, hedge, fence or palisade):

Wall

What are the rules to follow?

You must contact the planning department of your town hall to find out if there are local rules provided for by the local planning plan (PLU) or the communal map or by local uses

Who shall I contact

In the absence of applicable local rules:

  • If your land is located in a municipality of less than 50,000 inhabitants, your wall including the chaperone (top of the roof-shaped wall) must respect a minimum height of 2.60 meters
  • If your land is located in a commune of 50,000 inhabitants or more, your wall including the chaperone (top of the roof-shaped wall) must respect a minimum height of 3.20 meters

Do you need planning permission (prior declaration or building permit)?

Before you build the wall, you'll have to do a prior declaration of work at the town hall if:

  • the local town planning plan (PLU) requires it
  • or if the wall height is 2 meters or more
  • or if your land is located in an area where this is required. It can be the edges of a listed heritage site or a historical monument, a listed site (classified or awaiting classification), an area delimited by the PLU, an area defined by the municipality or theEPCI..

If your land does not correspond to any of these situations, you do not need planning permission.

Vegetable fence (hedge formed by trees or shrubs)

What are the rules to follow?

Plantations such as trees, shrubs and shrubs can be planted near the separating boundary of your land and that of your neighbor, provided that a minimum distance is respected.

This minimum distance may be fixed by local rules provided for by existing special regulations or by constant and recognized local uses. To find out about the existence of these local rules, you must ask your local council.

Who shall I contact

If there are no local rules, the minimum distance to be respected from the neighboring land varies depending on the height of your plantation:

  • Where the height of the plantation is less than or equal to 2 meters, the minimum distance to be respected in the neighboring property limit shall be 0,5 meters.
  • Where the height of the plantation is greater than 2 meters, the minimum distance to be respected in the neighboring property limit shall be 2 meters.

The distance is measured from the middle of the tree trunk. The height of the plantation is measured from the ground to the top of the tree.

If you don't follow these rules, your neighbor may require that your fence be torn or reduced to legal height..

  Please note : there are rules about maintenance of plantations (hedges and trees) and fruit picking located near your neighbor's land.

Do you need planning permission (prior declaration or building permit)?

Before you build the wall, you'll have to do a prior declaration of work at the town hall if:

  • the local town planning plan (PLU) requires it
  • or if your land is located in an area where this is required. It can be the edges of a listed heritage site or a historical monument, a listed site (classified or awaiting classification), an area delimited by the PLU, an area defined by the municipality or theEPCI..

Other type of fence (fencing, palisade, ...)

What are the rules to follow?

You must contact the planning department of your town hall to find out if there are local rules provided for by the local planning plan (PLU) or the communal map or by local uses

Who shall I contact

In the absence of applicable local rules:

  • if your land is located in a commune of less than 50,000 inhabitants, your wall including the chaperon (top of the roof-shaped wall) must respect a minimum height of 2.60 meters
  • if your land is located in a commune of 50,000 inhabitants or more, your wall including the chaperon (top of the roof-shaped wall) must respect a minimum height of 3.20 meters

Do you need planning permission (prior declaration or building permit)?

Before you build the wall, you'll have to do a prior declaration of work at the town hall if:

  • the local town planning plan (PLU) requires it
  • or if your land is located in an area where this is required. It can be the edges of a listed heritage site or a historical monument, a listed site (classified or awaiting classification), an area delimited by the PLU, an area defined by the municipality or theEPCI..

  FYI : there are other rules that depend on the specifics of your field (land in housing estate, near a road, ...).

You can set up an outdoor terrace on one level, that is not raised or very low raised, without having to ask for a permit.

On the other hand, the terraces requiring an elevation are subject to prior declaration or building permit, depending on the surface created.

In the absence of legal and administrative details on whether or not an elevation is significant, it is preferable to consult the planning department of your municipality before starting the work.

Who shall I contact

The construction of a veranda changes the exterior appearance of your home. One prior declaration or a request for building permit is necessary, depending on the size of the construction.

  FYI : the rules joint must also be respected.