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Building permits

Verified 04 août 2020 - Directorate for Legal and Administrative Information (Prime Minister)

Dematerialization of building permit applications

Article 62 of Act No. 2018-1021 of 23 November 2018 on the development of housing, development and digital technologies (ELAN Act) provides that all communes with more than 3,500 inhabitants must have dematerialized procedures to receive and instruct applications for planning permission and planning certificate at 1to January 2022.

This page will be updated as soon as the law comes into force.

The building permit is an urban planning authorization issued by the town hall of the municipality where your project is located. It concerns new constructions, even without foundation, of more than 20 m² of floor surface or Ground Right of Way.. For existing buildings, extension work and change of destination may also be subject to permits. Work not covered by a building permit shall in principle be subject to prior declaration of work.

A building permit is required for the construction of an individual house of more than 20 m². The use of an architect is mandatory to develop your architectural project if floor surface your future construction exceeds 150 m².

A detached house built for your personal use is not subject to the regulations on accessibility for the disabled. However, houses to be rented, made available or sold must comply with these rules. They must be constructed and arranged in such a way as to be accessible regardless of the disability. Accessibility requirements relate to outdoor traffic, accommodation and car parking.

Application for a building permit

You can use a remote service to help you build your file or fill out a form.

Assistance in planning applications

Your application for a building permit can be made on a remote service with input help.

Form

Your application for a building permit can be made on a form.

Application for a building permit is sent by registered mail with request for a notice of reception or filed at the town hall, by the owner of the land. It may also be made by one or more other authorized persons.

The construction permit file includes the following documents:

  • Form
  • Declaration of the elements necessary to calculate the charges (from which the development tax or payment for sub-density)
  • Attachment form that identifies the parts you want to supply according to your project

Certain documents must be attached to the file:

  • Situation plan of the land within the municipality which specifies its scale and its orientation in relation to the north
  • Mass plane of buildings, rated in the 3 dimensions that specifies its scale and the orientation of the land in relation to the north
  • Cross-section plan of the ground specifying the location of the construction in relation to the terrain profile
  • Notice describing the terrain and presenting the project
  • Plan of facades and roofs for all projects. It must show the initial and future state when the project has the effect of modifying the facades or roofs
  • Graphic Document such as freehand sketches or computer simulations. It allows to appreciate the insertion of the project in its environment
  • Photo to place the land in its near environment
  • Photo to place the land in its distant environment

Other parts may be required, depending on your project.

  FYI : the list of attachments listed in the form is exhaustive. The administration can't ask you for more documents.

In metropolitan France, you will also attach to your building permit file, a certificate of recognition of thermal regulation..

You will have to go back to town hall:

  • 4 full folders
  • 5 additional copies of the situation plan
  • 5 additional copies of the mass plan
  • 5 additional copies of the cutting plan

Additional copies may be requested if your project is located in a protected area.

Upon receipt of your application for a permit, the town hall issues you or sends you a receipt. It shall contain a registration number indicating the starting point of the date from which the work may begin.

If your file is incomplete, the town hall has 1 month to claim the missing documents. You will then have 3 months to complete it. If you do not provide the missing parts, your application will be considered rejected.

A notice of application for a permit is posted in the town hall within 15 days of your filing and during the entire period of investigation of the file. This notice specifies the essential characteristics of your project.

Who shall I contact

Instruction time

General case

Instruction time is 2 months for a detached house and its annexes and 3 months for other projects.

Outstanding Heritage Site

The investigation period is 3 months. You will be notified within one month of filing your PC application.

On the edge of a historical monument

The investigation period is 3 months. You will be notified within one month of filing your PC application.

Decisions of the City Hall

A building permit shall be granted if the planned work complies with the rules on land use, location, destination, nature, architecture, dimensions, the reorganization of the constructions and the development of their surroundings.

The planned construction must respect the rules of the local town planning plan in force in the municipality.

If a planning certificate has been issued

If the permit is filed within 18 months of the issuance of the planning certificate, the planning, tax and participation rules apply as they existed at the date of the certificate. They cannot be questioned.

If the project is located in a subdivision

During the 5 years following the approval of the house, the town hall applies the same rules of town planning. Where the subdivision has been the subject of a preliminary declaration of work (SOW), this 5-year period shall begin on the date of non-opposition. Where a development permit has been issued, the time limit shall begin on the date of completion of the development work.

City hall response

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Acceptance

The decision of the town hall takes the form of a decree. This decision is sent to you by registered letter with notice of receipt or by email.

  Warning : within 3 months of the date of the permit decision, the town hall may withdraw a permit if it considers that it was issued illegally.

Refusal

Refusal of a building permit takes the form of a reasoned order. It must also indicate the means and time limits for appeal. This decision is sent to you by registered letter with notice of receipt or by email.

You can ask the town hall to review its position within 2 months of the refusal by registered letter with notice of receipt.

Who shall I contact

No response 

If you do not receive a reply from the town hall after the end of the investigation period, permit is tacitly granted.. Upon your request, the town hall can issue you a certificate attesting to its absence of opposition. If you do not obtain this certificate within 2 months of your request, you can appeal to the administrative tribunal..

  Warning : within 3 months of the date of the permit decision, the town hall may withdraw a permit if it considers that it was issued illegally.

Failure to respond may also mean an implicit refusal of a license. This is the case for a project subject to the agreement of the architect of the buildings of France (ABF) when he has delivered an unfavorable opinion or a favorable opinion with prescriptions. The same applies to a project involving a building listed as a historic monument.

Stay of proceedings

City Hall can suspend its decision for 2 years by taking a decision to stay the reasoned decision.

A stay of proceedings may be imposed on an application for authorization of works, constructions or installations in the following cases:

  • The land is part of the perimeter of a Concerted Development Zone (CCA)
  • At the time of the initiation of the pre-utility investigation (DUP) of an operation
  • The planned construction may compromise or make more expensive the execution of public works or the carrying out of a development operation
  • The planned constructions are likely to jeopardize or make more expensive the execution of the future local urban plan (PLU)
  • The project is located in an area to be part of a national park

Once the 2-year stay of the proceedings has expired, the town hall must, on simple confirmation of your application for a building permit, examine your file and decide within 2 months.

  FYI : the owner of a land to which a stay of a decision has been imposed may demand that the community (or the public service which has taken the initiative) purchase its land.

Duration of validity of building permit

The building permit is valid for 3 years. It is out of date if you have not started the work within 3 years or if, after this period, you interrupt it for more than one year.

However, the time limit may be extended 2 times for 1 year. You must apply for at least 2 months before your license expires.. This request for extension is sent on free paper, in 2 copies, by registered letter with notice of receipt or filed in town hall.

City Hall has 2 months to respond. In the absence of a reply, your request for an extension of time is accepted.

There is no time limit to complete your work and you can schedule it. They must be large enough each time and never interrupted for more than a year.

Who shall I contact

Display of building permit in the field

The posting of the building permit on the ground is mandatory.

You must display your permission on a panel as soon as notification of the order or as of the date on which the tacit permit (or the decision not to oppose the prior declaration) is acquired.

The display shall be made by means of a rectangular panel at least 80 cm long and wide.

You can find this type of panel in DIY stores.

The sign shall be so installed that the information contained in it is clearly legible from the public highway or from open spaces to the public during the duration of the work.

The display panel must include the following information:

  • Name
  • Corporate name
  • Name of the architect behind the architectural project
  • Date of issue of permit and number
  • Nature of the project and the area of the land
  • Address of the town hall where the file can be consulted

If the project is planning to build, the billboard shows the floor surface authorized and the height of the structure(s) expressed in meters relative to the natural soil,

If the project involves a subdivision, it shall specify the maximum number of lots planned,

If the project involves a campground or a residential recreational park, it shall give the total number of pitches and, if applicable, the number of pitches reserved for light recreational housing,

If the project involves demolitions, it shall indicate the surface of the building or buildings to be demolished.

The display panel shall be marked as follows:

« Right of appeal: »

« The time limit for legal action is two months from the first day of a continuous two-month period of posting on the ground of this panel (art. R. 600-2 of the Planning Code). »

« Any administrative or contentious appeal must, as soon as it is inadmissible, be notified to the decision-maker and to the beneficiary of the permit or decision taken on the prior declaration. This notification must be sent by registered letter with acknowledgement of receipt within 15 clear days from the filing of the appeal (Art. R. 600-1 of the Planning Code) »..

Thus informed, a third party can consult the project file in the town hall. For 2 months from 1to field posting day, your neighbors can challenge authorization that has been granted to you. They then appeal to the mayor who issued the authorization.

In the absence of a posting, they will be able to challenge the authorization for 6 months from the completion of the work.

The panel must be displayed without interruption and remain in place for the duration of the work. It must be visible from the outside.

The absence of a display of the planning permission on the ground does not make the planning permission illegal. On the other hand, it allows a contentious appeal for the duration of the work and up to 6 months after its completion.

In the event of a dispute, it is up to you to prove that you have completed the posting formalities. To do this, you must establish the following 3 points:

  • Display start date
  • Display regularity
  • Legibility and visibility of the panel

Proof of such display may be established by any means. The judges agreed that the testimony of persons not related to the permit holder could constitute evidence. The beneficiary may also produce a bailiff's report drawn up during the posting period.

You plan to expand your home by raising it or by building, for example, a veranda or a garage. To find out what authorization you will be seeking, you need to know whether your building is located in an urban area of a municipality covered by a local town planning plan (PLU) or a land use plan (POS). You can get this information from your local council.

Who shall I contact

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Urban area of a commune covered by a PLU or a POS

You can realize an extension of 40 m² by filing in town hall a prior declaration of work..

Building permits are required as soon as your expansion is complete more than 40 m² of floor surface or Ground Right of Way..

However, if the work is floor surface or right of way on the ground from your home to more than 150 m², you will apply for a building permit and using an architect from 20 m² extension.

Other area of a municipality covered by a PLU or a POS

You can realize an extension of 20 m² by filing in town hall a prior declaration of work..

If your project creates more than 215 square feet floor surface or Ground Right of WayYou have to apply for a building permit.

Common not covered by a PLU or a POS

You can realize an extension of 20 m² by filing in town hall a prior declaration of work..

If your project creates more than 215 square feet floor surface or Ground Right of Way, you must apply for a building permit.

  Warning : the use of an architect is mandatory for all projects expansion, subject to building permitswhich bring the floor area or the footprint of the existing construction to more than 150 m².

Application for a building permit

You can use a remote service to help you build your file or fill out a form.

Assistance in planning applications

Your application for a building permit can be made on a remote service with input help.

Form

Your application for a building permit can be made on a form.

Application for a building permit is sent by registered mail with request for a notice of reception or filed at the town hall, by the owner of the land. It may also be made by one or more other authorized persons.

The construction permit file includes the following documents:

  • Form
  • Declaration of the elements necessary to calculate the charges (from which the development tax or payment for sub-density)
  • Attachment form that identifies the parts you want to supply according to your project

Certain documents must be attached to the file:

  • Situation plan of the land within the municipality which specifies its scale and its orientation in relation to the north
  • Mass plane of buildings, rated in the 3 dimensions that specifies its scale and the orientation of the land in relation to the north
  • Cross-section plan of the ground specifying the location of the construction in relation to the terrain profile
  • Notice describing the terrain and presenting the project
  • Plan of facades and roofs for all projects. It must show the initial and future state when the project has the effect of modifying the facades or roofs
  • Graphic Document such as freehand sketches or computer simulations. It allows to appreciate the insertion of the project in its environment
  • Photo to place the land in its near environment
  • Photo to place the land in its distant environment

Other parts may be required, depending on your project.

  FYI : the list of attachments listed in the form is exhaustive. The administration can't ask you for more documents.

In metropolitan France, you will also attach to your building permit file, a certificate of recognition of thermal regulation..

You will have to go back to town hall:

  • 4 full folders
  • 5 additional copies of the situation plan
  • 5 additional copies of the mass plan
  • 5 additional copies of the cutting plan

Additional copies may be requested if your project is located in a protected area.

Upon receipt of your application for a permit, the town hall issues you or sends you a receipt. It shall contain a registration number indicating the starting point of the date from which the work may begin.

If your file is incomplete, the town hall has 1 month to claim the missing documents. You will then have 3 months to complete it. If you do not provide the missing parts, your application will be considered rejected.

A notice of application for a permit is posted in the town hall within 15 days of your filing and during the entire period of investigation of the file. This notice specifies the essential characteristics of your project.

Who shall I contact

Instruction time

General case

Instruction time is 2 months for a detached house and its annexes and 3 months for other projects.

Outstanding Heritage Site

The investigation period is 3 months. You will be notified within one month of filing your PC application.

On the edge of a historical monument

The investigation period is 3 months. You will be notified within one month of filing your PC application.

Decisions of the City Hall

A building permit shall be granted if the planned work complies with the rules on land use, location, destination, nature, architecture, dimensions, the reorganization of the constructions and the development of their surroundings.

The planned construction must respect the rules of the local town planning plan in force in the municipality.

If a planning certificate has been issued

If the permit is filed within 18 months of the issuance of the planning certificate, the planning, tax and participation rules apply as they existed at the date of the certificate. They cannot be questioned.

If the project is located in a subdivision

During the 5 years following the approval of the house, the town hall applies the same rules of town planning. Where the subdivision has been the subject of a preliminary declaration of work (SOW), this 5-year period shall begin on the date of non-opposition. Where a development permit has been issued, the time limit shall begin on the date of completion of the development work.

City hall response

Répondez aux questions successives et les réponses s’afficheront automatiquement

Acceptance

The decision of the town hall takes the form of a decree. This decision is sent to you by registered letter with notice of receipt or by email.

  Warning : within 3 months of the date of the permit decision, the town hall may withdraw a permit if it considers that it was issued illegally.

Refusal

Refusal of a building permit takes the form of a reasoned order. It must also indicate the means and time limits for appeal. This decision is sent to you by registered letter with notice of receipt or by email.

You can ask the town hall to review its position within 2 months of the refusal by registered letter with notice of receipt.

Who shall I contact

No response 

If you do not receive a reply from the town hall after the end of the investigation period, permit is tacitly granted.. Upon your request, the town hall can issue you a certificate attesting to its absence of opposition. If you do not obtain this certificate within 2 months of your request, you can appeal to the administrative tribunal..

  Warning : within 3 months of the date of the permit decision, the town hall may withdraw a permit if it considers that it was issued illegally.

Failure to respond may also mean an implicit refusal of a license. This is the case for a project subject to the agreement of the architect of the buildings of France (ABF) when he has delivered an unfavorable opinion or a favorable opinion with prescriptions. The same applies to a project involving a building listed as a historic monument.

Stay of proceedings

City Hall can suspend its decision for 2 years by taking a decision to stay the reasoned decision.

A stay of proceedings may be imposed on an application for authorization of works, constructions or installations in the following cases:

  • The land is part of the perimeter of a Concerted Development Zone (CCA)
  • At the time of the initiation of the pre-utility investigation (DUP) of an operation
  • The planned construction may compromise or make more expensive the execution of public works or the carrying out of a development operation
  • The planned constructions are likely to jeopardize or make more expensive the execution of the future local urban plan (PLU)
  • The project is located in an area to be part of a national park

Once the 2-year stay of the proceedings has expired, the town hall must, on simple confirmation of your application for a building permit, examine your file and decide within 2 months.

  FYI : the owner of a land to which a stay of a decision has been imposed may demand that the community (or the public service which has taken the initiative) purchase its land.

Duration

The building permit is valid for 3 years. It is out of date if you have not started the work within 3 years or if, after this period, you interrupt it for more than one year.

However, the time limit may be extended 2 times for 1 year. You must apply for at least 2 months before your license expires.. This request for extension is sent on free paper, in 2 copies, by registered letter with notice of receipt or filed in town hall.

City Hall has 2 months to respond. In the absence of a reply, your request for an extension of time is accepted.

There is no time limit to complete your work and you can schedule it. They must be large enough each time and never interrupted for more than a year.

Who shall I contact

Field Display

The posting of the building permit on the ground is mandatory.

You must display your permission on a panel as soon as notification of the order or as of the date on which the tacit permit (or the decision not to oppose the prior declaration) is acquired.

The display shall be made by means of a rectangular panel at least 80 cm long and wide.

You can find this type of panel in DIY stores.

The sign shall be so installed that the information contained in it is clearly legible from the public highway or from open spaces to the public during the duration of the work.

The display panel must include the following information:

  • Name
  • Corporate name
  • Name of the architect behind the architectural project
  • Date of issue of permit and number
  • Nature of the project and the area of the land
  • Address of the town hall where the file can be consulted

If the project is planning to build, the billboard shows the floor surface authorized and the height of the structure(s) expressed in meters relative to the natural soil,

If the project involves a subdivision, it shall specify the maximum number of lots planned,

If the project involves a campground or a residential recreational park, it shall give the total number of pitches and, if applicable, the number of pitches reserved for light recreational housing,

If the project involves demolitions, it shall indicate the surface of the building or buildings to be demolished.

The display panel shall be marked as follows:

« Right of appeal: »

« The time limit for legal action is two months from the first day of a continuous two-month period of posting on the ground of this panel (art. R. 600-2 of the Planning Code). »

« Any administrative or contentious appeal must, as soon as it is inadmissible, be notified to the decision-maker and to the beneficiary of the permit or decision taken on the prior declaration. This notification must be sent by registered letter with acknowledgement of receipt within 15 clear days from the filing of the appeal (Art. R. 600-1 of the Planning Code) »..

Thus informed, a third party can consult the project file in the town hall. For 2 months from 1to field posting day, your neighbors can challenge authorization that has been granted to you. They then appeal to the mayor who issued the authorization.

In the absence of a posting, they will be able to challenge the authorization for 6 months from the completion of the work.

The panel must be displayed without interruption and remain in place for the duration of the work. It must be visible from the outside.

The absence of a display of the planning permission on the ground does not make the planning permission illegal. On the other hand, it allows a contentious appeal for the duration of the work and up to 6 months after its completion.

In the event of a dispute, it is up to you to prove that you have completed the posting formalities. To do this, you must establish the following 3 points:

  • Display start date
  • Display regularity
  • Legibility and visibility of the panel

Proof of such display may be established by any means. The judges agreed that the testimony of persons not related to the permit holder could constitute evidence. The beneficiary may also produce a bailiff's report drawn up during the posting period.

One pool above ground and a swimming pool with foundations are both considered as buildings.

A building permit is required for all swimming pools with a pool area exceeding 100 m². The same is true of an indoor pool with an area of between 10 and 100 m² and a fixed or mobile roof with a height above the ground of more than 1.80 m

  Warning : the installation of a pool shelter is subject to a permit to build in the perimeter of a remarkable heritage site, in the vicinity of historic monuments or in a listed or pending site.

Application for a building permit

You can use a remote service to help you build your file or fill out a form.

Assistance in planning applications

Your application for a building permit can be made on a remote service with input help.

Form

Your application for a building permit can be made on a form.

Application for a building permit is sent by registered mail with request for a notice of reception or filed at the town hall, by the owner of the land. It may also be made by one or more other authorized persons.

The construction permit file includes the following documents:

  • Form
  • Declaration of the elements necessary to calculate the charges (from which the development tax or payment for sub-density)
  • Attachment form that identifies the parts you want to supply according to your project

Certain documents must be attached to the file:

  • Situation plan of the land within the municipality which specifies its scale and its orientation in relation to the north
  • Mass plane of buildings, rated in the 3 dimensions that specifies its scale and the orientation of the land in relation to the north
  • Cross-section plan of the ground specifying the location of the construction in relation to the terrain profile
  • Notice describing the terrain and presenting the project
  • Plan of facades and roofs for all projects. It must show the initial and future state when the project has the effect of modifying the facades or roofs
  • Graphic Document such as freehand sketches or computer simulations. It allows to appreciate the insertion of the project in its environment
  • Photo to place the land in its near environment
  • Photo to place the land in its distant environment

Other parts may be required, depending on your project.

  FYI : the list of attachments listed in the form is exhaustive. The administration can't ask you for more documents.

In metropolitan France, you will also attach to your building permit file, a certificate of recognition of thermal regulation..

You will have to go back to town hall:

  • 4 full folders
  • 5 additional copies of the situation plan
  • 5 additional copies of the mass plan
  • 5 additional copies of the cutting plan

Additional copies may be requested if your project is located in a protected area.

Upon receipt of your application for a permit, the town hall issues you or sends you a receipt. It shall contain a registration number indicating the starting point of the date from which the work may begin.

If your file is incomplete, the town hall has 1 month to claim the missing documents. You will then have 3 months to complete it. If you do not provide the missing parts, your application will be considered rejected.

A notice of application for a permit is posted in the town hall within 15 days of your filing and during the entire period of investigation of the file. This notice specifies the essential characteristics of your project.

Who shall I contact

Instruction time

General case

Instruction time is 2 months for a detached house and its annexes and 3 months for other projects.

Outstanding Heritage Site

The investigation period is 3 months. You will be notified within one month of filing your PC application.

On the edge of a historical monument

The investigation period is 3 months. You will be notified within one month of filing your PC application.

Decisions of the City Hall

A building permit shall be granted if the planned work complies with the rules on land use, location, destination, nature, architecture, dimensions, the reorganization of the constructions and the development of their surroundings.

The planned construction must respect the rules of the local town planning plan in force in the municipality.

If a planning certificate has been issued

If the permit is filed within 18 months of the issuance of the planning certificate, the planning, tax and participation rules apply as they existed at the date of the certificate. They cannot be questioned.

If the project is located in a subdivision

During the 5 years following the approval of the house, the town hall applies the same rules of town planning. Where the subdivision has been the subject of a preliminary declaration of work (SOW), this 5-year period shall begin on the date of non-opposition. Where a development permit has been issued, the time limit shall begin on the date of completion of the development work.

City hall response

Répondez aux questions successives et les réponses s’afficheront automatiquement

Acceptance

The decision of the town hall takes the form of a decree. This decision is sent to you by registered letter with notice of receipt or by email.

  Warning : within 3 months of the date of the permit decision, the town hall may withdraw a permit if it considers that it was issued illegally.

Refusal

Refusal of a building permit takes the form of a reasoned order. It must also indicate the means and time limits for appeal. This decision is sent to you by registered letter with notice of receipt or by email.

You can ask the town hall to review its position within 2 months of the refusal by registered letter with notice of receipt.

Who shall I contact

No response 

If you do not receive a reply from the town hall after the end of the investigation period, permit is tacitly granted.. Upon your request, the town hall can issue you a certificate attesting to its absence of opposition. If you do not obtain this certificate within 2 months of your request, you can appeal to the administrative tribunal..

  Warning : within 3 months of the date of the permit decision, the town hall may withdraw a permit if it considers that it was issued illegally.

Failure to respond may also mean an implicit refusal of a license. This is the case for a project subject to the agreement of the architect of the buildings of France (ABF) when he has delivered an unfavorable opinion or a favorable opinion with prescriptions. The same applies to a project involving a building listed as a historic monument.

Stay of proceedings

City Hall can suspend its decision for 2 years by taking a decision to stay the reasoned decision.

A stay of proceedings may be imposed on an application for authorization of works, constructions or installations in the following cases:

  • The land is part of the perimeter of a Concerted Development Zone (CCA)
  • At the time of the initiation of the pre-utility investigation (DUP) of an operation
  • The planned construction may compromise or make more expensive the execution of public works or the carrying out of a development operation
  • The planned constructions are likely to jeopardize or make more expensive the execution of the future local urban plan (PLU)
  • The project is located in an area to be part of a national park

Once the 2-year stay of the proceedings has expired, the town hall must, on simple confirmation of your application for a building permit, examine your file and decide within 2 months.

  FYI : the owner of a land to which a stay of a decision has been imposed may demand that the community (or the public service which has taken the initiative) purchase its land.

Duration

The building permit is valid for 3 years. It is out of date if you have not started the work within 3 years or if, after this period, you interrupt it for more than one year.

However, the time limit may be extended 2 times for 1 year. You must apply for at least 2 months before your license expires.. This request for extension is sent on free paper, in 2 copies, by registered letter with notice of receipt or filed in town hall.

City Hall has 2 months to respond. In the absence of a reply, your request for an extension of time is accepted.

There is no time limit to complete your work and you can schedule it. They must be large enough each time and never interrupted for more than a year.

Who shall I contact

Field Display

The posting of the building permit on the ground is mandatory.

You must display your permission on a panel as soon as notification of the order or as of the date on which the tacit permit (or the decision not to oppose the prior declaration) is acquired.

The display shall be made by means of a rectangular panel at least 80 cm long and wide.

You can find this type of panel in DIY stores.

The sign shall be so installed that the information contained in it is clearly legible from the public highway or from open spaces to the public during the duration of the work.

The display panel must include the following information:

  • Name
  • Corporate name
  • Name of the architect behind the architectural project
  • Date of issue of permit and number
  • Nature of the project and the area of the land
  • Address of the town hall where the file can be consulted

If the project is planning to build, the billboard shows the floor surface authorized and the height of the structure(s) expressed in meters relative to the natural soil,

If the project involves a subdivision, it shall specify the maximum number of lots planned,

If the project involves a campground or a residential recreational park, it shall give the total number of pitches and, if applicable, the number of pitches reserved for light recreational housing,

If the project involves demolitions, it shall indicate the surface of the building or buildings to be demolished.

The display panel shall be marked as follows:

« Right of appeal: »

« The time limit for legal action is two months from the first day of a continuous two-month period of posting on the ground of this panel (art. R. 600-2 of the Planning Code). »

« Any administrative or contentious appeal must, as soon as it is inadmissible, be notified to the decision-maker and to the beneficiary of the permit or decision taken on the prior declaration. This notification must be sent by registered letter with acknowledgement of receipt within 15 clear days from the filing of the appeal (Art. R. 600-1 of the Planning Code) »..

Thus informed, a third party can consult the project file in the town hall. For 2 months from 1to field posting day, your neighbors can challenge authorization that has been granted to you. They then appeal to the mayor who issued the authorization.

In the absence of a posting, they will be able to challenge the authorization for 6 months from the completion of the work.

The panel must be displayed without interruption and remain in place for the duration of the work. It must be visible from the outside.

The absence of a display of the planning permission on the ground does not make the planning permission illegal. On the other hand, it allows a contentious appeal for the duration of the work and up to 6 months after its completion.

In the event of a dispute, it is up to you to prove that you have completed the posting formalities. To do this, you must establish the following 3 points:

  • Display start date
  • Display regularity
  • Legibility and visibility of the panel

Proof of such display may be established by any means. The judges agreed that the testimony of persons not related to the permit holder could constitute evidence. The beneficiary may also produce a bailiff's report drawn up during the posting period.

A building permit is required if you are creating a building that is independent of your home right of way on the ground or floor surface is more than 20 m².

  Please note : if the surface of your construction project is between 5 and 20 m², you will have to deposit a prior declaration of work.

If your project has a footprint and a floor area of less than 5 m², it is not subject to planning permission. You must, however, consult the local planning plan (PLU) or the planning document in its place. Your project must respect the rules of the planning code and the PLU.

Application for a building permit

You can use a remote service to help you build your file or fill out a form.

Assistance in planning applications

Your application for a building permit can be made on a remote service with input help.

Form

Your application for a building permit can be made on a form.

Application for a building permit is sent by registered mail with request for a notice of reception or filed at the town hall, by the owner of the land. It may also be made by one or more other authorized persons.

The construction permit file includes the following documents:

  • Form
  • Declaration of the elements necessary to calculate the charges (from which the development tax or payment for sub-density)
  • Attachment form that identifies the parts you want to supply according to your project

Certain documents must be attached to the file:

  • Situation plan of the land within the municipality which specifies its scale and its orientation in relation to the north
  • Mass plane of buildings, rated in the 3 dimensions that specifies its scale and the orientation of the land in relation to the north
  • Cross-section plan of the ground specifying the location of the construction in relation to the terrain profile
  • Notice describing the terrain and presenting the project
  • Plan of facades and roofs for all projects. It must show the initial and future state when the project has the effect of modifying the facades or roofs
  • Graphic Document such as freehand sketches or computer simulations. It allows to appreciate the insertion of the project in its environment
  • Photo to place the land in its near environment
  • Photo to place the land in its distant environment

Other parts may be required, depending on your project.

  FYI : the list of attachments listed in the form is exhaustive. The administration can't ask you for more documents.

In metropolitan France, you will also attach to your building permit file, a certificate of recognition of thermal regulation..

You will have to go back to town hall:

  • 4 full folders
  • 5 additional copies of the situation plan
  • 5 additional copies of the mass plan
  • 5 additional copies of the cutting plan

Additional copies may be requested if your project is located in a protected area.

Upon receipt of your application for a permit, the town hall issues you or sends you a receipt. It shall contain a registration number indicating the starting point of the date from which the work may begin.

If your file is incomplete, the town hall has 1 month to claim the missing documents. You will then have 3 months to complete it. If you do not provide the missing parts, your application will be considered rejected.

A notice of application for a permit is posted in the town hall within 15 days of your filing and during the entire period of investigation of the file. This notice specifies the essential characteristics of your project.

Who shall I contact

Instruction time

General case

Instruction time is 2 months for a detached house and its annexes and 3 months for other projects.

Outstanding Heritage Site

The investigation period is 3 months. You will be notified within one month of filing your PC application.

On the edge of a historical monument

The investigation period is 3 months. You will be notified within one month of filing your PC application.

Decisions of the City Hall

A building permit shall be granted if the planned work complies with the rules on land use, location, destination, nature, architecture, dimensions, the reorganization of the constructions and the development of their surroundings.

The planned construction must respect the rules of the local town planning plan in force in the municipality.

If a planning certificate has been issued

If the permit is filed within 18 months of the issuance of the planning certificate, the planning, tax and participation rules apply as they existed at the date of the certificate. They cannot be questioned.

If the project is located in a subdivision

During the 5 years following the approval of the house, the town hall applies the same rules of town planning. Where the subdivision has been the subject of a preliminary declaration of work (SOW), this 5-year period shall begin on the date of non-opposition. Where a development permit has been issued, the time limit shall begin on the date of completion of the development work.

City hall response

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Acceptance

The decision of the town hall takes the form of a decree. This decision is sent to you by registered letter with notice of receipt or by email.

  Warning : within 3 months of the date of the permit decision, the town hall may withdraw a permit if it considers that it was issued illegally.

Refusal

Refusal of a building permit takes the form of a reasoned order. It must also indicate the means and time limits for appeal. This decision is sent to you by registered letter with notice of receipt or by email.

You can ask the town hall to review its position within 2 months of the refusal by registered letter with notice of receipt.

Who shall I contact

No response 

If you do not receive a reply from the town hall after the end of the investigation period, permit is tacitly granted.. Upon your request, the town hall can issue you a certificate attesting to its absence of opposition. If you do not obtain this certificate within 2 months of your request, you can appeal to the administrative tribunal..

  Warning : within 3 months of the date of the permit decision, the town hall may withdraw a permit if it considers that it was issued illegally.

Failure to respond may also mean an implicit refusal of a license. This is the case for a project subject to the agreement of the architect of the buildings of France (ABF) when he has delivered an unfavorable opinion or a favorable opinion with prescriptions. The same applies to a project involving a building listed as a historic monument.

Stay of proceedings

City Hall can suspend its decision for 2 years by taking a decision to stay the reasoned decision.

A stay of proceedings may be imposed on an application for authorization of works, constructions or installations in the following cases:

  • The land is part of the perimeter of a Concerted Development Zone (CCA)
  • At the time of the initiation of the pre-utility investigation (DUP) of an operation
  • The planned construction may compromise or make more expensive the execution of public works or the carrying out of a development operation
  • The planned constructions are likely to jeopardize or make more expensive the execution of the future local urban plan (PLU)
  • The project is located in an area to be part of a national park

Once the 2-year stay of the proceedings has expired, the town hall must, on simple confirmation of your application for a building permit, examine your file and decide within 2 months.

  FYI : the owner of a land to which a stay of a decision has been imposed may demand that the community (or the public service which has taken the initiative) purchase its land.

Duration

The building permit is valid for 3 years. It is out of date if you have not started the work within 3 years or if, after this period, you interrupt it for more than one year.

However, the time limit may be extended 2 times for 1 year. You must apply for at least 2 months before your license expires.. This request for extension is sent on free paper, in 2 copies, by registered letter with notice of receipt or filed in town hall.

City Hall has 2 months to respond. In the absence of a reply, your request for an extension of time is accepted.

There is no time limit to complete your work and you can schedule it. They must be large enough each time and never interrupted for more than a year.

Who shall I contact

Field Display

The posting of the building permit on the ground is mandatory.

You must display your permission on a panel as soon as notification of the order or as of the date on which the tacit permit (or the decision not to oppose the prior declaration) is acquired.

The display shall be made by means of a rectangular panel at least 80 cm long and wide.

You can find this type of panel in DIY stores.

The sign shall be so installed that the information contained in it is clearly legible from the public highway or from open spaces to the public during the duration of the work.

The display panel must include the following information:

  • Name
  • Corporate name
  • Name of the architect behind the architectural project
  • Date of issue of permit and number
  • Nature of the project and the area of the land
  • Address of the town hall where the file can be consulted

If the project is planning to build, the billboard shows the floor surface authorized and the height of the structure(s) expressed in meters relative to the natural soil,

If the project involves a subdivision, it shall specify the maximum number of lots planned,

If the project involves a campground or a residential recreational park, it shall give the total number of pitches and, if applicable, the number of pitches reserved for light recreational housing,

If the project involves demolitions, it shall indicate the surface of the building or buildings to be demolished.

The display panel shall be marked as follows:

« Right of appeal: »

« The time limit for legal action is two months from the first day of a continuous two-month period of posting on the ground of this panel (art. R. 600-2 of the Planning Code). »

« Any administrative or contentious appeal must, as soon as it is inadmissible, be notified to the decision-maker and to the beneficiary of the permit or decision taken on the prior declaration. This notification must be sent by registered letter with acknowledgement of receipt within 15 clear days from the filing of the appeal (Art. R. 600-1 of the Planning Code) »..

Thus informed, a third party can consult the project file in the town hall. For 2 months from 1to field posting day, your neighbors can challenge authorization that has been granted to you. They then appeal to the mayor who issued the authorization.

In the absence of a posting, they will be able to challenge the authorization for 6 months from the completion of the work.

The panel must be displayed without interruption and remain in place for the duration of the work. It must be visible from the outside.

The absence of a display of the planning permission on the ground does not make the planning permission illegal. On the other hand, it allows a contentious appeal for the duration of the work and up to 6 months after its completion.

In the event of a dispute, it is up to you to prove that you have completed the posting formalities. To do this, you must establish the following 3 points:

  • Display start date
  • Display regularity
  • Legibility and visibility of the panel

Proof of such display may be established by any means. The judges agreed that the testimony of persons not related to the permit holder could constitute evidence. The beneficiary may also produce a bailiff's report drawn up during the posting period.

The change of destination involves changing the assignment of all or part of a building. For example, a business can become a home.

You must apply for a building permit if the change of destination is accompanied by work that changes the supporting structure or facade of your construction.

  Please note : if you change the destination of all or part of a building without changing the supporting structure or the facade, you must deposit a prior declaration of work..

Application for a building permit

You can use a remote service to help you build your file or fill out a form.

Assistance in planning applications

Your application for a building permit can be made on a remote service with input help.

Form

Your application for a building permit can be made on a form.

Your form must be completed with parts whose list is limited to the form's instructions.

You must submit your file (form and documents to be supplied) to your town hall in 4 copies.

It can be delivered on site or sent by registered letter with notice of receipt.

Who shall I contact

On this occasion, the town hall issues or sends you a receipt with a registration number mentioning the starting point of the date from which the work can begin.

Additional copies are sometimes necessary (for example for work on a building located in a protected area or work submitted to the notice or agreement of the French Buildings...).

To find out if you are in this situation, you must first check with the planning department of your town hall.

Instruction time

General case

Instruction time is 2 months for a detached house and its annexes and 3 months for other projects.

Outstanding Heritage Site

The investigation period is 3 months. You will be notified within one month of filing your PC application.

On the edge of a historical monument

The investigation period is 3 months. You will be notified within one month of filing your PC application.

Decisions of the City Hall

A building permit shall be granted if the planned work complies with the rules on land use, location, destination, nature, architecture, dimensions, the reorganization of the constructions and the development of their surroundings.

The planned construction must respect the rules of the local town planning plan in force in the municipality.

If a planning certificate has been issued

If the permit is filed within 18 months of the issuance of the planning certificate, the planning, tax and participation rules apply as they existed at the date of the certificate. They cannot be questioned.

If the project is located in a subdivision

During the 5 years following the approval of the house, the town hall applies the same rules of town planning. Where the subdivision has been the subject of a preliminary declaration of work (SOW), this 5-year period shall begin on the date of non-opposition. Where a development permit has been issued, the time limit shall begin on the date of completion of the development work.

City hall response

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Acceptance

The decision of the town hall takes the form of a decree. This decision is sent to you by registered letter with notice of receipt or by email.

  Warning : within 3 months of the date of the permit decision, the town hall may withdraw a permit if it considers that it was issued illegally.

Refusal

Refusal of a building permit takes the form of a reasoned order. It must also indicate the means and time limits for appeal. This decision is sent to you by registered letter with notice of receipt or by email.

You can ask the town hall to review its position within 2 months of the refusal by registered letter with notice of receipt.

Who shall I contact

No response 

If you do not receive a reply from the town hall after the end of the investigation period, permit is tacitly granted.. Upon your request, the town hall can issue you a certificate attesting to its absence of opposition. If you do not obtain this certificate within 2 months of your request, you can appeal to the administrative tribunal..

  Warning : within 3 months of the date of the permit decision, the town hall may withdraw a permit if it considers that it was issued illegally.

Failure to respond may also mean an implicit refusal of a license. This is the case for a project subject to the agreement of the architect of the buildings of France (ABF) when he has delivered an unfavorable opinion or a favorable opinion with prescriptions. The same applies to a project involving a building listed as a historic monument.

Stay of proceedings

City Hall can suspend its decision for 2 years by taking a decision to stay the reasoned decision.

A stay of proceedings may be imposed on an application for authorization of works, constructions or installations in the following cases:

  • The land is part of the perimeter of a Concerted Development Zone (CCA)
  • At the time of the initiation of the pre-utility investigation (DUP) of an operation
  • The planned construction may compromise or make more expensive the execution of public works or the carrying out of a development operation
  • The planned constructions are likely to jeopardize or make more expensive the execution of the future local urban plan (PLU)
  • The project is located in an area to be part of a national park

Once the 2-year stay of the proceedings has expired, the town hall must, on simple confirmation of your application for a building permit, examine your file and decide within 2 months.

  FYI : the owner of a land to which a stay of a decision has been imposed may demand that the community (or the public service which has taken the initiative) purchase its land.

Duration

The building permit is valid for 3 years. It is out of date if you have not started the work within 3 years or if, after this period, you interrupt it for more than one year.

However, the time limit may be extended 2 times for 1 year. You must apply for at least 2 months before your license expires.. This request for extension is sent on free paper, in 2 copies, by registered letter with notice of receipt or filed in town hall.

City Hall has 2 months to respond. In the absence of a reply, your request for an extension of time is accepted.

There is no time limit to complete your work and you can schedule it. They must be large enough each time and never interrupted for more than a year.

Who shall I contact

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Buildings built before 1943

The owner of a building destroyed or demolished for less than 10 years has the right to rebuild it in the same way, despite any changes in the planning rules. He has to file a building permit in the town hall.

Buildings built after 1943

The owner of a building destroyed or demolished for less than 10 years has the right to rebuild it in the same way, despite any changes in the planning rules. He has to file a building permit in the town hall.

The local town planning plan, the community map or the plan for the prevention of foreseeable natural hazards may prohibit reconstruction. They can be consulted in the town hall.

Who shall I contact