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Declaration of birth

Verified 20 September 2021 - Directorate of Legal and Administrative Information (Prime Minister), Ministry of Justice

The birth declaration is mandatory for all children. It must be done by a person who has attended the birth (in practice, it is often the father). In case of birth of a French child at the foreigner, the declaration of birth must be made according to specific formalities. The declaration is used to establish the birth certificate.

The 7 essential steps at birth

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The 7 essential steps at birth - plus de détails dans le texte suivant l’infographie
Crédits: Direction de l'information légale et administrativeInfographie - The 7 essential steps at birth

1/ Civil status (mandatory)

Declare Birth

・ Within 5 business days

・ In the hospital, at the town hall

・ Who does it? The father or another person

・ Documents to be provided: Medical or midwife attestation, parental identification cards

2/ Social security

Declare the birth and update the Vitale card. Possible (and recommended) to request the attachment of the child to the 2 parents' vital cards

・ Upon leaving maternity

・ On the Ameli.fr website, or by telephone (at 3646) or by mail (from your primary health insurance fund)

・ Who does it? Parents

・ Documents to be provided: Nothing

3/ Caf

Declare Birth

・ From birth

・ On the Caf.fr website. If no Caf account, send by mail the change of situation form (available on caf.fr)

・ Who does it? One of the two parents

・ Documents to be provided: Nothing

If you are covered by the agricultural plan, the procedure is to be done with the MSA.

4/ Health Complementary

Report Birth

・ From birth

・ To the mutual

・ Who does it? Each parent if the mutuals are different

・ Documents to be provided: Mutual variable

5/ Birth Leave

Request a birth leave. It is a minimum of 3 days (except Sundays and public holidays). These days are paid.

・ At a date near birth

・ To the 2nd parent employer

・ Who does it? 2nd Parent

・ Documents to be provided: Copy of the child's birth certificate

6/ Paternity leave

Request paternity and foster care leave.

・ 25 calendar days to be taken in 1 or more times within 6 months of birth (11 days to be taken within 4 months if it occurred before July 1, 2021). Minimum of 4 days following birth leave.

・ Application 1 month before the date of delivery or 1 month before the beginning of the leave, depending on the date of departure

・ With the employer of the 2nd parent, and, for leave compensation, with Social Security

・ Who does it? 2nd Parent

・ Documents to be provided: For mail to Social Security: copy of the child's birth certificate (or family record) + document justifying the link with the mother (if leave is not requested by the father)

7/ Taxes

Report birth, to adjust the withholding tax rate to the number of dependants

・ After birth (within 60 days)

・ On the Impots.gouv.fr site

・ Who does it? One or both, depending on the situation

・ Documents to be provided: Nothing

Born in France

The birth certificate is mandatory for all children born in France. If it is not done within a certain period, legal regularisation is necessary. Criminal penalties are incurred.

General case

The declaration must be made within 5 days of the day of delivery.

The day of delivery is not counted in the time limit of birth declaration.

If the last day falls on a Saturday, a Sunday, a public holiday or a non-working day, this period shall be extended until 1toworking day next.

Guyana

The declaration must be made within 5 days of the day of delivery.

The time limit is increased to 8 days for the following municipalities: Apatou, Awala-Yalimapo, Camopi, Grand Santi, Iracoubo, Mana, Maripasoula, Ouanary, Papaïchton, Regina, Saint-Elie, Saint-Georges, Saint-Laurent du Maroni, Saul, Sinnamary.

The day of delivery is not counted in the time limit of birth declaration. Where the last day of the period is a Saturday, a Sunday, a public holiday or a non-working day, that period shall be extended to 1toworking day next.

General case

The birth is declared by the father, or otherwise by the doctor, midwife or other person who attended the birth.

The birth declaration is made at the town hall of the place of birth.

The birth certificate is written immediately by a registrar.

FYI  

in some public hospitals, a registrar is on duty in the maternity department to register birth certificates.

Who shall I contact
Birth of a child in a female couple

Birth is declared by 2e mother, or otherwise by the doctor, midwife or other person who attended the delivery.

The birth declaration is made at the town hall of the place of birth.

The birth certificate is written immediately by a registrar.

FYI  

in some public hospitals, a registrar is on duty in the maternity department to register birth certificates.

Who shall I contact

General case
  • Medical or midwife attestation
  • Name choice declaration if parents do this
  • Recognition if it was established before birth
  • Certificate of domicile (or residence) of less than 3 months if the child has not yet been recognised
  • Parent ID
  • Family booklet to register the child, if the parents already have a booklet
Birth of a child in a female couple
  • Medical or midwife attestation
  • Advance joint recognition established before notary
  • Name choice declaration if parents do this
  • Recognition if it was established before birth
  • Certificate of domicile (or residence) of less than 3 months if the child has not yet been recognised
  • Parent ID
  • Family booklet to register the child, if the parents already have a booklet

If the birth declaration is not made within the prescribed time limits, the registrar cannot regularise the situation himself. A birth certificate is required.

Regulation before the judge

A lawyer is required to obtain a birth declaration.

Who shall I contact

Civil and criminal sanctions

A person who is required to make the birth declaration but does not act within the required time limits shall incur civil liability in respect of that child (damages for damage caused by the non-declaration).

In addition, she faces a 6-month prison sentence and a fine of €3,750.

Birth in foreigner

Time

In many countries, local legislation obliges foreigner nationals to report births to the local registrar.

You should contact the foreign authorities of the place of birth to find out the time limits and reporting methods.

Approach

When the declaration of birth before the foreign authorities is mandatory, the birth must be declared to the local registrar.

Transcript of local birth certificate

General case

In countries where the declaration to the local registrar is mandatory, parents must then request the transcription of the local birth certificate by the civil registrar of the embassy or consulate.

The registration of the birth by the French consular authorities is not mandatory, but it is essential to obtain a French birth certificate.

The application shall be accompanied by the following supporting documents:

  • Copy of foreigners birth certificate (and translation)
  • Certificate of French nationality (for at least one of the parents)
  • Family Booklet (for update)
  • Copy of the act concerning the recognition signed by the French father for children born out of wedlock

The Embassy or Consulate may request additional documents depending on the context.

Please note

where birth of a child in a female couple, the advance joint recognition must also be presented to the notary.

Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia

The list of supporting documents is to be requested from the consulate general of France competent in the country concerned.

The registration of the birth by the French authorities is not mandatory, but it is essential to obtain a French birth certificate.

Transcription requests should be sent only by post to:

Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Monaco, Poland, Switzerland

The request for transcription and the list of documents to be provided meet specific rules.

The registration of the birth by the French authorities is not mandatory, but it is essential to obtain a French birth certificate.

Transcription requests should be sent only by post to:

Who shall I contact

Approach

Registration of birth by the French consular authorities is not mandatory.

You can choose to register with the civil registration authorities of the country of residence, even in countries where this is not mandatory.

But the registration of the birth by the French authorities is essential to obtain a French birth certificate.

The birth declaration is made with the agents of the French diplomatic or consular authorities.

FYI  

if you are born at sea on a french ship, there is no procedure to follow. The act shall be carried out on board by the commander, master or boss. The deed is entered following the logbook and then transcribed to the central civil registration service of Nantes.

Time

The declaration must be made within 15 days delivery.

The time limit shall be 30 days in the following cases:

  • In Europe for: Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Estonia, Finland, Georgia, Greece, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Kosovo, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Czech Republic, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Sweden, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Turkey, Ukraine
  • In any country outside Europe

Please note

the child recognition by the unmarried father may be made at the time of the birth declaration.

Parts to supply

General case
  • Medical or midwife attestation
  • Name choice declaration if parents do this
  • Recognition if it was established before birth
  • Certificate of domicile (or residence) of less than 3 months if the child has not yet been recognised
  • Parent ID
  • Family booklet to register the child, if the parents already have a booklet
Birth of a child in a female couple
  • Medical or midwife attestation
  • Advance joint recognition established before notary
  • Name choice declaration if parents do this
  • Recognition if it was established before birth
  • Certificate of domicile (or residence) of less than 3 months if the child has not yet been recognised
  • Parent ID
  • Family booklet to register the child, if the parents already have a booklet