Road safety

From 1 Apr. 2024

The roadworthiness test for two-wheelers put in place from 15 April 2024

Publié le 02 avril 2024 - Directorate for Legal and Administrative Information (Prime Minister)

Roadworthiness tests are now compulsory for two-wheelers, three-wheelers and four-wheelers, following a decree published in Official Journal October 24, 2023. However, its implementation is staggered according to the date of the first registration of the vehicles. For older ones, the first roadworthiness test is to be carried out between 15 April and 14 August 2024.

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The new roadworthiness test applied to two-wheelers, three-wheelers or four-wheeled motorized vehicles must enable you to check the condition of your vehicle, to be aware of any defects and to have them repaired. This mandatory periodic inspection concerns L-category vehicles, therefore in particular:

  • mopeds;
  • motorcycles;
  • scooters;
  • motor tricycles;
  • light and heavy quadricycles.

This new roadworthiness test shall be phased in according to the following timetable:

  • if your vehicle was registered before 1er January 2017, its first check shall be carried out by 31 December 2024. If your vehicle was otherwise put into circulation before 1er January 2017 and the anniversary date of its first entry into circulation is before 15 April, that check shall be carried out between 15 April and 14 August 2024;
  • if your vehicle was registered between 1er January 2017 and 31 December 2019, its first check shall be carried out in 2025;
  • if it was registered between 1er January 2020 and 31 December 2021, its first check is to be carried out in 2026;
  • if your vehicle was registered after 1er in january 2022, its first roadworthiness test will have to be carried out within 4 and a half to 5 years of its entry into service.

The period of validity of this roadworthiness test shall be 3 years.

Please note

motorcycles used in the context of sporting competitions, and belonging to a person holding a license issued by a sports federation, are not affected by the introduction of this technical inspection.

Where to go for the roadworthiness test?

Certain control centers already approved for the inspection of light or heavy vehicles shall benefit from an extension of that approval between 15 April 2024 and 14 April 2025, allowing them to inspect L-category vehicles. In order to be eligible for this extension of approval, they must have at least one of the qualifications required for the inspection of powered two-wheelers, three-wheelers or quadricycles.

It is therefore necessary to ask the inspection centers whether they are authorized to inspect your vehicle.

Please note

the price is not regulated by the State. It is therefore freely determined by the managers of the control centers.

How is the roadworthiness test performed?

During the roadworthiness test, the trader shall check in particular:

  • the condition of the brakes;
  • the absence of excessive noise and polluting emissions;
  • the condition of steering equipment (steering wheel, handlebars, column);
  • the operation of lamps, reflectors and electrical equipment;
  • the condition of the mirrors;
  • the condition of the axles, wheels, tires and suspensions.

During the inspection, you may be present in the inspection area at the invitation only of the controller, to assist the controller in handling your vehicle in accordance with the instructions given to you by the controller and the safety instructions. For certain categories of vehicle (such as light motor quadricycles), this authorization is not possible.

At the end of the roadworthiness test, the vehicle shall be assigned:

  • a favorable outcome in the absence of a major and critical failure;
  • an unfavorable result for major failures where at least one failure is found but none of a critical level. In this case, repairs must be carried out and a counter-inspection carried out within two months of this unfavorable result obtained during the roadworthiness test;
  • an unfavorable result for critical failures, where at least one critical failure is found. In this case, the vehicle is no longer allowed to circulate from midnight on the day of the test; you can no longer use it until the repairs are done and a counter-inspection is carried out, imperatively within two months after the first technical test.

Please note

the failures are classified as follows

  • minor, if they have no significant impact on the safety of the vehicle or on the environment;
  • if they are likely to compromise the safety of the vehicle, to have a negative impact on the environment or to endanger other road users;
  • if they constitute a direct and immediate danger to road safety or if they have a serious impact on the environment.