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Regional and departmental elections (ex-cantonal)

Verified 08 February 2022 - Directorate of Legal and Administrative Information (Prime Minister), Ministry of the Interior

Regional councillors are elected within the framework of the region, departmental councillors are elected within the framework of the canton. The next regional and departmental elections are scheduled for 2027.

Regional elections

French voters on the electoral roll elect regional councillors in regional elections.

Regional councillors are elected for a term of 6 years.

Regional councillors are elected by a mixed system combining the rules of majority and proportional elections.

Round 1

If a list obtains an absolute majority of the votes cast (more than 50%), it gets a quarter of the seats to be filled.

The other seats shall be distributed by proportional representation among all lists which have obtained at least 5% of the votes cast.

Otherwise, a second round is held the following week.

Lists that have obtained at least 10% votes cast may be held in the second round, and possibly merged with the lists which have obtained at least 5% votes.

Round 2

The top-ranked list gets a quarter of the seats to be filled.

The other seats shall be distributed by proportional representation among the lists which have obtained at least 5% of the votes cast in the second round.

Some local authorities with special status are not concerned by regional elections:

  • Mayotte
  • New Caledonia
  • French Polynesia
  • Saint Barthelemy
  • Saint Martin
  • Saint Pierre and Miquelon
  • Wallis and Futuna

Departmental elections

French voters on the electoral lists elect departmental councillors in the departmental elections.

Departmental councillors are elected for a term of 6 years.

For each canton, a binomial (woman-man) is elected by majority vote at 2 rounds.

Round 1

To be elected on 1to turn, the binome must obtain:

  • at least an absolute majority of the votes cast (more than 50%)
  • and a number of votes equal to at least 25% of registered voters.

If no binomial is elected from 1to in turn, a second round is held.

Round 2

In the second round, the two leading pairs can hold.

The others may continue only if they have obtained a number of votes at least equal to 12,5% of registered voters.

The duo who gets the most votes in the second round is elected.

Since the creation of the Métropole de Lyon, Rhône department now concerns only certain communes. To find out if your municipality is part of the Metropole or the department, you can use this module:

Does my municipality depend on the Metropole de Lyon or the Rhône department?

Some local authorities with special status are not affected by departmental elections:

  • City of Paris
  • Guyana
  • Martinique
  • New Caledonia
  • French Polynesia
  • Saint Barthelemy
  • Saint Martin
  • Saint Pierre and Miquelon
  • Wallis and Futuna