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In what cases can a child be considered dependent for RSA?

Verified 01 mai 2022 - Legal and Administrative Information Directorate (Prime Minister)

A child is considered to be dependent on you when you effectively and permanently support his or her maintenance costs (education, clothing, food and accommodation) and he or she is permanently resident in France. A child considered dependent by your Caf or MSA may not be tax. For RSA, the adult over the age of 25 cannot be considered as dependent.

Before 6 years

A child is considered dependent on you in one of the following cases:

  • It is your effective and permanent charge

More generally, a person is dependent on you when you pay for the maintenance of education, clothing, food and housing.

The dependent child may be recognised or not, adopted or entrusted for adoption, ward of the Nation or collected.

  FYI : according to the administrative judge, the child in alternative care is the responsibility of the two parents. Therefore, if they are eligible for the SSA, each parent can receive half of the dependent child's mark-up.

A child who has his or her family ties in France and who lives there permanently is considered to be dependent on his or her parents. However, if your child completes one or more temporary stays outside France, which last more than 3 months during the calendar year, he or she will no longer be considered dependent.

If you receive new assistance (e.g., housing assistance) or income (e.g., when hiring in CDD), you should report it to your Caf or CMSA.

All overpayment must be refunded.

Between 6 and 16 years

A child is considered dependent on you in one of the following cases:

  • It is your effective and permanent charge

More generally, a person is dependent on you when you pay for the maintenance of education, clothing, food and housing.

The dependent child may be recognised or not, adopted or entrusted for adoption, ward of the Nation or collected.

Schooling is compulsory for a child aged between 6 and 16 years. In this age group, family allowance of the Caf or CMSA are paid if the child is in one of the following situations:

  • He is enrolled in a school
  • It home-educated (e.g. in the National Centre for Distance Education - Cned)
  • His health prevented him from attending a school regularly

  FYI : according to the administrative judge, the child in alternative care is the responsibility of the two parents. Therefore, if they are eligible for the SSA, each parent can receive half of the dependent child's mark-up.

A child who has his or her family ties in France and who lives there permanently is considered to be dependent on his or her parents. However, if your child completes one or more temporary stays outside France, which last more than 3 months during the calendar year, he or she will no longer be considered dependent.

If you receive new assistance (e.g., housing assistance) or income (e.g., when hiring in CDD), you should report it to your Caf or CMSA.

All overpayment must be refunded.

Between 16 and 25 years

From the age of 16, the dependent child can work. Thus, the condition of the child's remuneration must be the object of great attention on your part. Any change in the composition of your home should be reported to your Caf or CMSA. In the absence of a return, you must repay an overpayment.

A child is considered dependent on you in one of the following cases:

  • It is at your effective and permanent charge. If the child arrived in your home after 17e birthday, they must have a relationship with you until the 4the degree included (first cousins).

More generally, a person is dependent on you when you pay for the maintenance of education, clothing, food and housing.

The dependent child may be recognised or not, adopted or entrusted for adoption, ward of the Nation or collected.

A child who has his or her family ties in France and who lives there permanently is considered to be dependent on his or her parents. However, if your child completes one or more temporary stays outside France, which last more than 3 months during the calendar year, he or she will no longer be considered dependent.

It depends if dependent child enter the labour force or is a student, and if his remuneration is less than or more than €1,008.51.

If the child continues his or her studies

The wages received by the student are appreciated over an average of 6 months (of the 1to October to March 31 and from March 1to April to September 30).

The total remuneration over a semester is then divided by 6.

  • If this average does not exceed €1,008.51 (55% of Smic), the young child remains dependent for the 6 months concerned.
    Example: for the young person who €1,120.43 net in July and August, the monthly average for the period of 1to April to 30 September is €2,240.86 divided by 6, or €373.47. Since this amount is below the ceiling, family benefits are therefore maintained in full for the entire period.
  • If the average exceeds the ceiling, the young person no longer counts for benefit calculation only for months where the monthly ceiling has been exceeded.

The Smic taken into account depends on the period concerned:

  • between October and March, the Smic is in force on 1to October
  • between April and September, this is the smic in force on 1to April.

  FYI : if the young person works during the holidays and does not resume his or her studies afterwards, the ceiling is assessed monthly from the 1to months of activity, not 6 months.

If he works all year

If the child has entered the labour force and is working, his or her monthly net income cannot exceed €1,008.51 (55% of Smic).

If his or her remuneration exceeds the ceiling for a particular month, the entitlement to benefits for that month shall be waived.

Change in household composition

If the composition of your household changes or you receive new income or assistance, you should report this change to your home as soon as possible Caf or CMSA.

Example :

If you receive new housing assistance or are hired in CDD, you must report this change.

Non-cumulation principle

It is no longer possible to report the dependent child if he or she applies for a benefit at Caf or MSA.

For example, if the child has moved from your home and wishes to receive housing assistance, you must report your change of situation to your home as soon as possible Caf or CMSA.

Overpayment must be refunded.