Undivided bank account

Verified 12 March 2024 - Directorate for Legal and Administrative Information (Prime Minister)

What is a undivided bank account (or undivided)? This is a group bank account on which transactions must be approved by you and all other co-holders. We'll show you the rules you need to know to open, manage, and close this type of account.

An undivided account (or undivided account) is a group bank account. All joint holders have the same rights to the sums deposited in the account within the limit of their share in the division.

The indivisible account is used, in particular, to settle routine proceedings during the division, before the division of a succession.

To operate a single account, you need the agreement of all of its co-owners. Therefore, in principle, any deposit or withdrawal must be made with the signature of all the co-holders of the account.

There are exceptions to this principle of unanimity. This is particularly the case when a precautionary act or an administrative act relating to the property in undivided form must be taken. This is also the case when the court ordered it.

You and your co-owners can also designate a representative of the account for carrying out current banking operations (withdrawal and deposit in particular).


In the absence of a mandate, the banker may be held liable if he executes a banking operation without having obtained the agreement of all the joint holders.

You are not jointly and severally liable for debts unless the account agreement contains a solidarity clause.


The creditor staff of a joint holder cannot have the undivided account entered.

The current accounts or securities accounts may be opened in undivided form. However, you cannot open a savings book in undivided.

You must be at least 2 to open the account.

All future co-owners must be present. You sign a deposit account agreement. You must also choose a common address for receiving mail from the bank.

Please note

the bank may fix a maximum number of joint holders.

Verification of identity

To apply for an account, you must present official identification with a photograph:

  • National identity card
  • Passport
  • EU residence card
  • Other residence permit

A driver's license may be accepted if the photo leaves no doubt about your identity.

Proof of domicile

You must also prove your domicile by providing, for example, one of the following documents:

If you are hosted, the bank may also ask you to provide a proof of accommodation. A template is available:

Acknowledgement of accommodation

Deposit of signature

You must deposit your signature which will be registered by the bank.

If you give a power of attorney on the account, the person concerned will have to deposit his signature.

Decision of the Bank

The bank may accept or refuse to open the account.

Account opening

If the bank agrees to open an account for you, it will inform you of the terms of use.

If it's of a current account, you then sign the bank account agreement. It contains the rules for opening, operating and closing your account.

If this is another account, you sign a specific contract.

Refusal to open

The bank may refuse to open the account, without having to justify its decision.

It must inform you of the possibility to contact the Banque de France to exercise your right to account.

Who shall I contact

Account statements, letters and checkbooks shall bear the names of the joint holders bound together by a "and".

Example :

"M and Mrs.", "Mrs. and Mrs.", "X and Y and Z".

If you are married, you can choose to open the account to your surname or your common name (your wife's name, your husband's name, or a double name). The bank will verify that your username is on your ID.


if you're a single customer, the bank cannot impose upon you the use of Miss.

In guardianship or guardianship, the mention under the guardianship (or guardianship) of, followed by the name of the guardian or curator, is added.

Account opening is free.

The bank may charge you a fee for managing your account. These are the account keeping costs.

Details of these charges must be included in the pricing information, made available to you.

The liability is different depending on the payment incident.

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General case

The law does not provide for no solidarity between the joint holders of an undivided account.

However, the majority of banks provide for a solidarity clause between the joint holders in the agreement opening the undivided account. The bank can then contact any of the joint holders (or their heirs) to regularize debts or payment incidents.

In the absence of a solidarity clause, the bank must contact all joint holders to regularize the account situation.

NSF Check

If an NSF check is rejected, the banking ban may be pronounced against each joint holder, on all their accounts (joint or individual).

However, it is possible to appoint, at the time of opening the account, a single person responsible for the banking ban.

In this case, the prohibition on issuing checks will apply only to the accounts of the designated person responsible.

To designate a single manager, you can use the following document template:

Designate a single manager in the case of NSF checks on a joint or undivided account

The undivided account can be the result of the transformation of a joint account.

The joint account can be converted to undivided account by all the joint holders or by a single joint holder.

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By all co-owners

You must send the bank a signed decoupling letter from all.

An email template is available:

Unlink a joint account

By a single co-holder

You must send a complaint letter, registered with acknowledgement of receipt, to the bank and to each of the joint holders.

You can use the following document templates to do this:

Denounce a joint account with the bank

Denounce a joint account with a joint holder

All management actions must subsequently be carried out with the signature of all joint holders.

The transfer orders or direct debit authorizations previous permanent jobs are canceled.

Other means of payment must be returned to the bank.

The undivided account can be closed at the initiative of the bank or at your initiative.

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At the initiative of the Bank

The account can be closed at the initiative of the bank subject to 2 months' notice and without reason.

At your initiative

This situation occurs in particular when, in a succession, the division between heirs ends.

All co-owners must apply for closure.

The conditions for closing the joint account are the same as those for an individual account.

The account agreement indicates the closing conditions of the account at your request.

In practice, you send a request for cancelation by registered mail with notice of receipt.

A sample letter is available:

Request bank account closure

Remember to keep enough money in your account. This will enable the bank to settle transactions in progress (checks issued in particular) and thus avoid payment incidents.

You must return or destroy all means of payment made available to you.

The transfer or direct debit orders are canceled on the date of receipt of the termination letter.

The bank is closing the account within 30 days maximum from your closing request and the return of means of payment. In practice, this period is generally 10 days.

Please note

in case of a change of bank, you can ask to benefit from the free mobility assistance service.

Within 5 days of the request to close the account, the bank offers you a summary of the automatic transactions that have been made in the last 13 months. For direct debit payments, creditors have 10 days to take into account your new bank details.


the withdrawal of the deposited funds does not close the account. The account is closed but not closed, which may result in inactive account charges.

If your account is open for less than 6 monthsHowever, you may be charged a termination fee.

In case of death of a co-proprietor, the bank is blocking the account.

The consequences differ depending on whether there is money remaining in the account (positive balance) or the account is overdrawn (negative balance).

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Negative balance

If the account has a uncovered, which is a negative balance, the bank sends you a letter asking you to pay the amount due.

The bank must contact all joint holders to regularize the account situation. However, if there is a solidarity clause in the account agreement, the bank may then apply to any of the joint holders (or their heirs) to regularize debts or liabilities. payment incidents.

Positive balance

If there's money left in the account, the bank will refunds the amount at the time of closing. The balance is divided between you and the other joint owners up to the shares of each. The bank sends you a document called balance of any account, specifying the amount that was transmitted to you at the time of closing the account.

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