In what cases is a child French?
Verified 31 October 2022 - Directorate for Legal and Administrative Information (Prime Minister)
The French nationality of a child, be it born in France or not, depends mainly on the nationality of his parents.
A child is French by birth, i.e by parentage, if at least one of his parents is French.
Never mind that the child either born in France or abroad.
And never mind that the parents either married or not, provided that the child's filiation is legally established in respect of the French parent.
The nationality of a parent is established the day of birth of the child and during his minority.
The child's French nationality remains acquired even if his filiation is disputed after his majority.
If the parent loses French nationality while its child is majorHowever, this has no effect on the child's nationality.
If the parent becomes French while its child is majorHowever, this has no effect on the child's nationality.
The minor child becomes French when one of his parents becomes French if the 2 conditions the following are completed:
- The child resides usually with this parent (or alternatively in the case of divorce or separation)
- The child's name is appropriate in the decree of naturalization or the statement of French nationality of the parent (marriage, ascendant, sibling)
If the parent becomes French while the child is of age, this has no effect on the child's nationality.
It is possible to ask for naturalization of a minor child remained a foreigner when one of his parents became a Frenchman. The child must, however, reside in France with that parent since at least 5 years on the date of the application.
Alone adoption by the plenary assigns the French nationality at birth .
Indeed, the full adoption confers on the child a news parentage which replaces its original parentage.
Adoption decided abroad has an effect on the nationality of the adopted child only if it corresponds to a full adoption in France.
the Kafala is not an adoption within the meaning of French law.
A child born in France of foreigner parents is French by birth only in one of the 3 situations following:
- At least one of her parents was born in France (regardless of nationality)
- Or at least one of his parents was born in Algeria before 3 July 1962
- Or he is born stateless in France
if the child born in France of foreigner parents is in another situation, he may become French from age 13 years, subject to conditions.
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