Selecting a language will automatically trigger the translation of the page content.

How to become French?

Verified 22 juillet 2019 - Directorate for Legal and Administrative Information (Prime Minister)

The 2 main ways to become French are the declaration of nationality and naturalization. The declaration concerns you if you are related to a French person (spouse), descendant(e) brother or sister, etc.). Naturalization is subject to several conditions. Special rules apply to children born in France to foreign parents. Finally, it is possible to become French again if you have lost French nationality.

You were born abroad

You live in France

You can become French by declaration if you are related to a French person:

You can become French by naturalization, under conditions, if you are in one of the following situations:

  • You have refugee status
  • You're from a francophone country and you speak french because it's your mother tongue
  • You're from a francophone country and have been schooled 5 years or more in an institution teaching in French
  • You served in the French army
  • You joined the French army or an allied army in time of war
  • You have rendered exceptional services to France
  • You have graduated from a French higher education institution after 2 years of study
  • You can render (or have rendered) important services to France in view of your abilities and talents
  • You have completed an exceptional journey of integration (activities or actions carried out in the civic, scientific, economic, cultural or sports fields...)
  • You have been living in France for 5 years or more

If you are in one of these situations, you can make a application for naturalization..

Exceptionally, French nationality may be granted to you:

You live abroad

You can become French by naturalization, under conditions, if you are in one of the following situations:

  • You work for the French State or an organization whose activity is of particular interest to the French economy or culture
  • You are staying in Monaco
  • You do your national service or are engaged in regular training of the French army
  • You're a national volunteer

If you are in one of these situations, you can make a application for naturalization..

If you are in another situation, contact the naturalization platform that depends on where you live.

You can become French again by declaration if you are in one of the following situations:

  • You have lost your French nationality as a result of a marriage with a foreigner
  • You have lost your French nationality as a result of a change in the nationality of your parents
  • You have held public office

If you're in a different situation, the reintegration into french nationality is carried out by decree under conditions..

You were born in France

If you were born in France to foreign parents, you can become a French citizen by making a declaration in the court of your domicile competent in matters of nationality. The nationality declaration process varies according to your age..