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Seat belt, child or baby car seat: what are the rules?

Verified 03 September 2021 - Legal and Administrative Information Directorate (Prime Minister)

For a child

Car seats: at what age?

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A child under the age of 10 must be restrained in an approved restraint system adapted to its morphology. A child 10 years of age or older must be fastened with a seat belt.

Your child is under 10

A child under the age of 10 must be settled back of the vehicle and be maintained by approved restraint system specific to age, weight and morphology .

However, a child under the age of 10 may be settled in the front if:

  • The child is settled in a back-to-the-road baby device in the front passenger seat, with the airbag disabled
  • The vehicle does not have a rear seat
  • The rear seat of the vehicle is not equipped with a seat belt
  • The rear seats of the vehicle are temporarily unusable
  • The rear seats of the vehicle are occupied by children under 10 years of age, each of whom is restrained by a approved restraint system

The approved restraint system is not mandatory in the following cases:

  • Child whose morphology is adapted to the wearing of seatbelts
  • Child with an exemption medical certificate issued by a doctor approved by the prefecture

The restraint shall have a approval visa certifying that it complies with European standards :

  • The R44 classifies devices into 5 groups corresponding to child weight.
  • The R129 (Isize) classifies seats according to child size (this standard gradually replaces R44).
    All standard seats Isize have Isofix, which has been mandatory in new vehicles since 2011.

FYI  

visit the road safety site for the child restraint system .

A driver who fails to comply with these obligations shall be liable to a fine of up to €750.

In general, this is a flat-rate fine of €135.

Your child is 10 or older

Child 10 years or older must be maintained a seat belt or approved restraint system .

It can be settled front and back vehicle.

A seat belt waiver is possible for medical reasons.

Each seat equipped with a seat belt shall be occupied by a single child.

A driver who fails to comply with these obligations is liable to a fine of up to €750. In general, this is a flat-rate fine of €135.

For an adult

Seat belt use is mandatory front and back vehicle.

Each seat equipped with a seat belt shall be occupied by one person.

A driver or passenger who fails to comply with these obligations shall be liable to a fine of up to €750.

In general, this is a flat-rate fine of €135.

The unattached driver risks 3 point indent of his licence.

However, you may be exempted from wearing a seat belt for medical or professional reasons.

Medical reasons

You are exempt from wearing a seat belt if:

  • Your morphology is clearly unsuitable for wearing a belt
  • You have medical certificate exemption issued by a licenced physician. The medical certificate must indicate its validity. In case of control, you must present it to the police.
Business reasons

You are exempt from wearing a seat belt if you are in one of the following situations:

  • Taxi driver on duty
  • Driver or passenger of a priority general interest vehicle or ambulance, in emergency response
  • Driver or passenger of a utility vehicle who is forced to stop frequently in built-up areas
  • Driver or passenger of a vehicle making door-to-door deliveries in built-up areas

You don't have to take steps to get dispensed.