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Seat belt, child or baby car seat: what are the rules?

Verified 03 septembre 2021 - Legal and Administrative Information Directorate (Prime Minister)

For a child

Your child is under 10

A child under the age of 10 must be settled back of the vehicle and be maintained by approved restraint system specific to age, weight and morphology .

However, a child under the age of 10 may be settled in the front if:

  • The child is settled in a back-to-the-road baby device in the front passenger seat, with the airbag disabled
  • The vehicle does not have a rear seat
  • The rear seat of the vehicle is not equipped with a seat belt
  • The rear seats of the vehicle are temporarily unusable
  • The rear seats of the vehicle are occupied by children under 10 years of age, each of whom is restrained by a approved restraint system

The approved restraint system is not mandatory in the following cases:

  • Child whose morphology is adapted to the wearing of seatbelts
  • Child with an exemption medical certificate issued by a doctor approved by the prefecture

The restraint shall have a approval visa certifying that it complies with European standards :

  • The R44 classifies devices into 5 groups corresponding to child weight.
  • The R129 (Isize) classifies seats according to child size (this standard gradually replaces R44).
    All standard seats Isize have Isofix, which has been mandatory in new vehicles since 2011.

  FYI : visit the road safety site for the child restraint system .

A driver who fails to comply with these obligations shall be liable to a fine of up to €750.

In general, this is a flat-rate fine of €135.

Your child is 10 or older

Child 10 years or older must be maintained a seat belt or approved restraint system .

It can be settled front and back vehicle.

A seat belt waiver is possible for medical reasons.

Each seat equipped with a seat belt shall be occupied by a single child.

A driver who fails to comply with these obligations is liable to a fine of up to €750. In general, this is a flat-rate fine of €135.

For an adult

Seat belt use is mandatory front and back vehicle.

Each seat equipped with a seat belt shall be occupied by one person.

A driver or passenger who fails to comply with these obligations shall be liable to a fine of up to €750.

In general, this is a flat-rate fine of €135.

The unattached driver risks 3 point indent of his licence.

However, you may be exempted from wearing a seat belt for medical or professional reasons.

Medical reasons

You are exempt from wearing a seat belt if:

  • Your morphology is clearly unsuitable for wearing a belt
  • You have medical certificate exemption issued by a licenced physician. The medical certificate must indicate its validity. In case of control, you must present it to the police.

Business reasons

You are exempt from wearing a seat belt if you are in one of the following situations:

  • Taxi driver on duty
  • Driver or passenger of a priority general interest vehicle or ambulance, in emergency response
  • Driver or passenger of a utility vehicle who is forced to stop frequently in built-up areas
  • Driver or passenger of a vehicle making door-to-door deliveries in built-up areas

You don't have to take steps to get dispensed.