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Real estate diagnosis: energy performance diagnostics (DPE)

Verified 15 octobre 2021 - Legal and Administrative Information Directorate (Prime Minister)

Conduct of an energy audit

An energy audit shall be carried out on the sale of a dwelling belonging to energy classes D, E, F or G with a minimum primary energy consumption of 331 kilowatt hours per m² per year.

An order must be issued to clarify the content of this audit.

That's what it says Article 158 of Act No. 2021-1104 .

The information on this page remains current and will be modified when the order is issued.

The Energy Performance Diagnostic (EPD) is a document that is primarily used to estimate the energy consumption and greenhouse gas emission rates of your home. It only concerns Metropolitan France. It must be included in the technical diagnostic file (DDT) and handed over to the purchaser or tenant in case of sale or rental of your accommodation. Penalties are provided for in particular if the EPR is not in conformity with the regulations.

EHR is primarily used to assess the amount of energy and greenhouse gases in your home.

You must have this diagnosis done by a certified professional.

You must include the DPE in the Technical Diagnostic Record (DDT) and return it to buyer or tenant when you sell or rent your home.

The EPR only concerns Metropolitan France.

The EIP must be carried out in all dwellings, unless the accommodation is intended to be occupied less than 4 months per year.

  Please note : DPE is also required when building a building or building extension.

The EPD must be performed by a certified professional diagnostic.

To find a certified diagnostic, you can help yourself from a directory:

Find a Certified Real Estate Diagnostic

Ministry of Environment

In order to perform the EPD, the diagnostic must meet a specific method and software . From 1to November 2021, the diagnostic will have to respect a new method .

The DPE shall contain at least the following information:

  • Characteristics of your dwelling and description of its heating equipment, production of hot water, cooling, ventilation and for each category of equipment, conditions of their use and management which have an impact on energy consumption
  • Indication of the annual amount of energy consumed or estimated for each category of equipment and assessment of such annual consumption expenditure
  • Assessment of the amount of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions related to the annual amount of energy consumed or estimated
  • Information on renewable energies produced by equipment settled and used in housing
  • Information on the ventilation or ventilation conditions of your accommodation, with recommendations to improve these performance
  • Classification of housing according to a reference scale (label Energy), taking into account the climatic zone and the altitude, made according to the annual amount of energy consumed or estimated reported to the surface of the dwelling, for heating, cooling, hot water production, lighting and auxiliary heating, cooling, hot water and ventilation
  • Classification of accommodation taking into account climatic zone and altitude (label Climate), based on the amount of greenhouse gas emissions reported on the housing surface, for heating, cooling, hot water production, lighting and auxiliary heating, cooling, hot water and ventilation
  • Recommendations to improve the energy performance of your home with an evaluation of its cost and efficiency. These recommendations should not result in an increase in the amount of GHG associated with the annual amount of energy consumed or estimated
  • Last annual maintenance certificate of your boiler
  • Possible elements of assessment on the capacity of the dwelling to ensure thermal comfort in summer

  FYI : the recommendations are only indicative. This is advice on proper use of the accommodation and its facilities.

In particular, the diagnoser must transmit the results of the EHR to the Ecological Transition Agency (Ademe).

Transmission of the energy performance diagnosis (EPD) to the Ademe

Ecological Transition Agency (Ademe)

The Ademe then issues a 13-digit number that will be recorded on the EPD. Without this 13-digit number, the DPE is not valid.

The diagnoser must pass the EPD on to you.

You must integrate the DPE into the Technical Diagnostic Record (DDT) and return it to the future acquirer or future tenant when you sell or rent your home.

The price of EPD varies depending on the year of construction and the size of your accommodation.

It is generally between €100 and €250.

The EPD is valid for 10 years.

  Warning : EPRs completed between 1to January 2018 and June 30, 2021 are valid until December 31, 2024, and those performed between the 1to January 2013 and December 31, 2017 are valid until December 31, 2022.

Advertisements for the sale or rental of real estate that appear in the press, in the premises of real estate professionals or on the Internet must contain certain information about the energy consumption of the housing.

In print

All advertisements must include letters corresponding to the reference scales of the energy and climate rankings.

These endorsements shall be preceded by the words: Energy Class and: Climate Class , must be in upper case and at least equal in size to the characters in the ad text.

In the premises of real estate professionals

Any advertisement displayed must indicate, in a legible and coloured manner, the energy and climate rankings of the good on the reference scales (label Energy and Climate).

On the Internet

Any advertisement must show the energy classification of the property on the reference scale (label Energy).

This statement must be legible and in colour. It must be at least 180 pixels × 180 pixels.

For seller or lessor

Failure to transmit EPD to purchaser or lessee

The purchaser or tenant may appeal to the court to claim damages.

Deceptive advertisement

The purchaser or tenant may appeal to the court to claim damages or even the cancellation of the sale or the lease if the advertisement published in print, on the internet or posted in an agency contains false information.

Use of an uncertified diagnostic

You may be fined €1,500 (€3,000 in case of recurrence).

For Diagnostics

Wrong DPE

The diagnoser is liable for incorrect EPD, unless the error is due to the fact that you have intentionally provided false information about your home or equipment.

You, the buyer or the tenant can appeal to the court to claim damages or even cancellation of the sale or lease.

Exercise without certification

The diagnoser may be fined €1,500 without certification (€3,000 in case of recurrence).

No transmission of DPE to Ademe

The diagnoser may be fined €1,500 if it does not transmit the results of the EPD to the EDA.

Real Estate Professionals

Notary

The notary shall be liable if he has validated the sale in the absence of the DPE or if he has known of misleading information which would mislead the future purchaser.

Purchaser may enter court and obtain damages or even the cancellation of the deed of sale.

In the advertisements for sale or rental of real estate published in the press, in an agency or on the Internet, the notary must provide information on the classification of the energy performance of the real estate. Without this information, he may be fined up to €15 000.

Real estate agent

In the advertisements for sale or rental of property broadcast in the written press, in an agency or on the Internet, the real estate agent must provide information on the classification of the energy performance of the property. Without this information, he may be fined up to €15 000.