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Mandatory equipment for driving a motorcycle

Verified 05 October 2022 - Directorate for Legal and Administrative Information (Prime Minister)

Helmet, gloves, vest, lighting, licence plates... What does the highway code say about mandatory motorcycle equipment? Can you get a fine without a mandatory accessory? This page tells you the rules to know about the equipment required to drive in France with a motorised two or three-wheeler (motorcycle, scooter....) or a motor quadricycle (quad).

Mandatory motorcycle and scooter equipment and penalties for absence

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Compulsory accessories for motorcycles and scooters and penalties for absence

Helmet. The wearing of the helmet is mandatory for the driver and his/her passenger. Failure to comply with this obligation is punishable by a 3-point withdrawal from the licence and a fine of up to €750.

High visibility jacket. When you drive a 2 or 3-wheel drive or an unpowered quadricycle, you must have a high-visibility vest on you or in a stowage of your vehicle. After an emergency stop, you must wear a high-visibility vest if you are forced to leave your vehicle on or around the roadway. Failure to comply with this obligation is punishable by a fine of up to €750.

Gloves. The wearing of gloves is mandatory for the driver and his/her passenger. Failure to comply with this obligation is punishable by a fine of up to € 450. The driver is also at risk of having a point removed from his driving licence.

Functional lighting. All 2 or 3 motorised or quadricycle powered wheels shall be equipped with lights in good working condition at night or when visibility is insufficient. Failure to comply with this obligation is punishable by a fine of up to € 450.

You must wear a helmet to ride a motorcycle, and your passenger.

The headset must be approved, in accordance with the European standard. One white label certificate of ECE type-approval (NF green label tends to disappear).

The headset must be attached.

If you drive your motorcycle without meeting these obligations, you risk withdrawal of 3 points from your licence and fine up to €750.

In general, this is a flat-rate fine of €135.

The fixed asset and impound of the vehicle may be ordered.

Please note

these rules do not apply to you if you are wearing the seat belt that your vehicle is equipped with.

You can test your equipment's safety level online:

Motorcycle: test your equipment (helmet, airbag vest, jacket, gloves, trousers, shoes..)

Reminder

drive with phone in hand or by holding in the ear audio device is prohibited (traffic offence punishable by withdrawal of 3 points from licence and fine standard €135). Only devices integrated into the motorcycle helmet are allowed.

You must wear gloves to ride a motorcycle, and your passenger.

Gloves must be CE Certified Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

You recognise them on their CE label.

If you drive your motorcycle without meeting these obligations, you risk withdrawal of 1 point from your licence and a fine of up to €450.

In general, this is a flat-rate fine of €68.

The fixed asset and impound of the vehicle may be ordered.

Please note

these rules do not apply to you if you are wearing a seat belt with a vehicle equipped with doors and seat belts.

You can test your equipment's safety level online:

Motorcycle: test your equipment (helmet, airbag vest, jacket, gloves, trousers, shoes..)

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General case

To ride a motorcycle, you must have a high visibility vest (jacket, parka, vest, shirt or chest) on you or in your vehicle's storage.

The vest must be EC certified.

If you drive your motorcycle without complying with this obligation, you risk fine up to €38. In general, this is a flat-rate fine of €11.

Following an emergency stop

Following a emergency stop, you put on your high visibility vest if you caused to leave your stationary vehicle on the road or its approaches.

If you do not comply with this obligation, you risk fine up to €750. In general, this is a flat-rate fine of €135.

At night, or during the day when visibility is poor

When riding a motorcycle at nightor day when visibility is insufficient, you and your passenger must wear the high visibility vest out of agglomeration.

If you do not comply with this obligation, you risk fine up to €150.

In general, this is a flat-rate fine of €35.

You can test your equipment's safety level online:

Motorcycle: test your equipment (helmet, airbag vest, jacket, gloves, trousers, shoes..)

Some equipment and clothing are not mandatory, but adapted to riding a motorcycle: jacket, airbag vest, pants, high shoes.

You can test your equipment's safety level online:

Motorcycle: test your equipment (helmet, airbag vest, jacket, gloves, trousers, shoes..)

Your motorcycle must be equipped minimum of traffic lights, crossing, position back and front flashing, lamps stop and a fire rear registration plate.

The lights shall be in good working order.

If you drive your motorcycle without complying with these obligations, you risk a fine of up to €450.

In general, this is a flat-rate fine of €68. The fixed asset and impound of the vehicle may be ordered.

FYI  

one moped may be equipped with flashers but this is not mandatory. Road lights are not for mopeds. Front position lights do not apply to 2-wheel mopeds.

Your motorcycle must be equipped with a lock device.

Failure to comply with this obligation is punishable by fines up to €450.

In general, this is a flat-rate fine of €68.

Your bike must be equipped with an audible warning device (horn) approved.

Failure to comply with this obligation is punishable by fines up to €450.

In general, this is a flat-rate fine of €68.

Your motorcycle must be equipped with a approved exhaust who reduced the polluting emissions and noise.

Failure to comply with this obligation is punishable by fines up to €750.

In general, this is a flat-rate fine of €135.

The fixed asset and impound of the vehicle may be ordered.

Motorcycle: test your equipment (helmet, airbag vest, jacket, gloves, trousers, shoes..)