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Which licence for which category of vehicles?

Verified 24 November 2022 - Directorate of Legal and Administrative Information (Prime Minister), Ministry of the Interior

What licence to drive a 125 motorcycle? A quad? A van? We tell you what licence to have for each vehicle category.

The following permits authorise the driving of moped ::

However, you do not need a permit if you were born before 1988.

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Light 125 motorcycle

The following permits authorise the driving of light motorcycle ::

Intermediate Power Motorcycle

The following permits authorise the driving of intermediate power motorcycle ::

Large cylinder > 125 cm3

The permit A allows motorbikes to be driven, with or without side-cars, regardless of their power.

Permit A may to be obtained by training (7 hours) after 2 years of detention of category A2.

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Category L5e vehicle with a maximum power of 15 kW

3-wheeled vehicle, equipped with an engine with a capacity greater than 50 cm³. Maximum speed exceeding 45 km/h. Vacuum weight less than or equal to 1000 kg

3-wheeled vehicle, equipped with an engine with a capacity greater than 50 cm³. Maximum speed exceeding 45 km/h. Vacuum weight less than or equal to 1000 kg

The following permits authorise the driving of category L5e vehicle with a power of 15 kW: titleContent maximum (20 hch: titleContent):

Category L5e vehicle with a power exceeding 15 kW

3-wheeled vehicle, equipped with an engine with a capacity greater than 50 cm³. Maximum speed exceeding 45 km/h. Vacuum weight less than or equal to 1000 kg

3-wheeled vehicle, equipped with an engine with a capacity greater than 50 cm³. Maximum speed exceeding 45 km/h. Vacuum weight less than or equal to 1000 kg

The following permits authorise the driving of category L5e vehicle with a power exceeding 15 kW: titleContent (20 hch: titleContent):

The following permits authorise the driving of light motor quadricycle (cart):

However, you do not need a permit if you were born before 1988.

kW: titleContent

The following permits authorise the driving of heavy-duty motor quad ::

Without trailer

The permit B authorises the driving of a vehicle (car or van) which has the following 3 characteristics:

  • Assigned to transport of persons or goods
  • PTAC less than or equal to 3,5 tons
  • 9 seats maximum (driver included)
With trailer

The following permits authorise the driving of a category B (car, van) coupled with a trailer:

Permit required for trailer coupled to a category B vehicle

Trailer Weight

Permit required

750 kg maximum

Permit B

  • PTAC greater than 750 kg
  • Sum of PTAC: titleContent  (car + trailer): 3 500 kg maximum

Permit B

  • PTAC greater than 750 kg
  • Sum of PTAC (car + trailer): greater than 3 500 kg but not more than 4 250 kg

Permit B with additional entry 96)

(entry 96 is obtained by taking a 7-hour course)

  • PTAC greater than 750 kg but not more than 3 500 kg
  • PTAC (vehicle + trailer) greater than 4250 kg

BE permit

Trailer over 3,5 tons of PTAC: titleContent

C1E licence

Without trailer

The permit B allows the driving of a motorhome which has the following 3 characteristics:

  • Assigned to transport of persons
  • PTAC less than or equal to 3,5 tons
  • 9 seats maximum (driver included)
With trailer

The following permits authorise the driving of a category B (motorhome of up to 3.5 tons) coupled with a trailer:

Permit required for trailer coupled to a category B vehicle

Trailer Weight

Permit required

750 kg maximum

Permit B

  • PTAC greater than 750 kg
  • Sum of PTAC: titleContent  (car + trailer): 3 500 kg maximum

Permit B

  • PTAC greater than 750 kg
  • Sum of PTAC (car + trailer): greater than 3 500 kg but not more than 4 250 kg

Permit B with additional entry 96)

(entry 96 is obtained by taking a 7-hour course)

  • PTAC greater than 750 kg but not more than 3 500 kg
  • PTAC (vehicle + trailer) greater than 4250 kg

BE permit

Trailer over 3,5 tons of PTAC: titleContent

C1E licence

The following permits authorise the operation of a motor home exceeding 3.5 tons (less than 7.5 tons):

If you are driving abroad, code 79 must be affixed to the driver's licence (motorhome/motor caravan code including the PTAC exceeds 3.5 tons).

Warning  

You cannot drive a motorhome of more than 3.5 tons with the following B licences:

  • Permit B issued on or after January 20, 1975
  • Permit B issued before January 20, 1975, invalidated or cancelled after that date
  • Permit B issued before January 20, 1975 obtained following the exchange of a permit issued by another State (European (or not) where the exchange took place after 20 January 1975
  • Licence B issued before January 20, 1975 following the validation of a professional diploma when this validation took place after January 20, 1975
  • B licence issued before January 20, 1975, obtained following the conversion of a military driver's licence when that conversion took place after January 20, 1975

The following permits authorise the driving of a lorry whose PTAC: titleContent is between 3,5 and 7,5 tons:

The following permits authorise the driving of a lorry whose PTAC: titleContent is greater than 7,5 tons:

  • Permit C if the PTAC of the trailer does not exceed 750 kg 
  •  EC licence if the PTAC of the trailer exceeds 750 kg

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Car or bus with 9 seats (driver included)

The following permits authorise the driving of a coach or bus 9 places, driver included:

  • Permit D
  • PERMIT if there is a trailer with PTAC: titleContent exceeds 750 kg

Bus or coach with 17 seats (driver included)

The following permits authorise the driving of a coach or bus 17 places, including the driver, and 8 m maximum length  ::

  • D1 Permit
  • D1 Permit if there is a trailer with PTAC: titleContent is not more than 750 kg
  • D1E Licence if there is a trailer with a PTAC of more than 750 kg

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Vehicle attached to an agricultural or forestry holding, ETA or Cuma

ETA: establishment of agricultural works

Cuma: Agricultural equipment co-operative

ETA: establishment of agricultural works

Cuma: Agricultural equipment co-operative

You do not need a licence to drive a vehicle or an agricultural or forestry appliance if 3 are completed:

  • The vehicle is attached to a holding agricultural or forestry ETA: titleContent or Cuma: titleContent
  • You 16 years or older
  • You drive during the activity agricultural or forestry

Vehicle with a speed of 40 km/h or less

The permit B authorises the driving of a vehicle or agricultural or forestry appliance, or equivalent vehicle, whose speed is 40 km/h maximum.

Vehicle with a speed greater than 40 km/h

The following permits authorise the driving of a vehicle or agricultural or forestry appliance, or equivalent vehicle, whose speed is greater than 40 km/h ::

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