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Licence B: Car or van

Verified 01 November 2022 - Directorate for Legal and Administrative Information (Prime Minister)

Licence B allows you to drive a car (with or without a trailer). To obtain a B licence, you must have 18 years or more. However, the application for the permit can be made as soon as 16 years (or 15 years in case of early learning driving). You can register and prepare for the exam (code + driving) via a car school or by yourself. A certificate (CEPC) is issued to you in case of success. This certificate permits driving 4 months waiting to receive your licence.

Car or van

A B licence permits the driver to drive a vehicle that has the following 3 characteristics:

  • It shall be used for the carriage of persons or goods
  • Sound PTAC is less than or equal to 3,5 tons
  • It has 9 seats maximum (driver included)

This vehicle may be coupled to:

  • a trailer with a PTAC of 750 kg or less
  • or a trailer with a PTAC greater than 750 kg if the sum of the PTAC (car + trailer) does not exceed 3 500 kg.

The B licence also allows you to drive a agricultural or forestry vehicle with a speed not exceeding 40 km/h, regardless of the weight of its trailer.

The additional reference 96 Permit B is required when PTAC: titleContent the trailer is greater than 750 kg and that the PTAC of the vehicle + trailer combination is greater than 3500 kg but less than 4250 kg.

To obtain the additional entry 96, follow a 7-hour training.

The training consists of an out-of-circulation (HC) sequence and an in-circulation (CIR) sequence.

The training is provided by a self-study or by an association of social or professional integration or reintegration.

At the end of this training, you will receive a certificate.

This certificate does not allow you to drive.

Only the addition of the additional entry 96 on category B of the driving licence you gives the right to drive vehicles falling within this category.

This addition is requested by the registered school or association.

2 or 3 wheels (motorcycle, scooter...)

Category B of the driving licence authorises the driving of 2 motor wheels or a 3-wheeled scooter subject to completion several conditions (training, length of licence B, age).

Camping

Camper less than or equal to 3,5 tons

Permit B allows the conduct of a motorhome of which PTAC shall not exceed 3,5 tons.

A B licence permits the driver to drive a vehicle that has the following 3 characteristics:

  • It shall be used for the carriage of persons or goods
  • Sound PTAC is less than or equal to 3,5 tons
  • It has 9 seats maximum (driver included)

This vehicle may be coupled to:

  • a trailer with a PTAC of 750 kg or less
  • or a trailer with a PTAC greater than 750 kg if the sum of the PTAC (car + trailer) does not exceed 3 500 kg.

Camper + 3.5 tons

Rules for driving a motorhome of + 3.5 tons

Characteristics of Permit B

Driving with a B licence?

Permit B issued on or after January 20, 1975

No.

You must pass permit C1.

Permit B issued before January 20, 1975, invalidated or cancelled after that date

No.

You must pass permit C1.

Permit B issued before January 20, 1975 obtained following the exchange of a permit issued by another State (European (or not) where the exchange took place after 20 January 1975

No.

You must pass permit C1.

Licence B issued before January 20, 1975 following the validation of a professional diploma when this validation took place after January 20, 1975

No.

You must pass permit C1.

B licence issued before January 20, 1975, obtained following the conversion of a military driver's licence when that conversion took place after January 20, 1975

No.

You must pass permit C1.

Permit B issued before January 20, 1975

Yes

Age

You must have 18 years or older to obtain the B permit.

However, you can enrol in the exam from the age of 16 (or 15 if you are preparing the permit under early learning of driving).

Own ASSR or ASR

If you're under 21 and it's the firstmother class of licence you are issuing, you must hold the 2nd level road safety certificate (ASSR2) or road safety certificate (ASR).

In case of loss or theft of these certificates, you can make a statement on honour.

Citizenship - Citizenship

You are French

If you are under the age of 25, you must be in compliance with the defence and citizenship day (JDC).

You are European

If you are a national of Switzerland, Andorra, Monaco or the European Economic Area (EEA), you must have your personal and/or professional ties for at least 6 months in France.

You're foreigners

You must have lived in France for at least 6 months and have a valid residence permit.

Health status

If you have a health problem, you have to pass a medical check before applying for a driving licence.

Through a car school

Upon your request, your school will take care of your registration for the permit exam.

However, you must activate the account created on your behalf on theTWO: titleContent.

You receive an email to activate the account.

One harmonised prefectural registration number (HLN) is assigned to you when registering for the exam.

Your school needs the following documents for your registration:

  • For 1re application for a permit, if you are a french national, 17 years of age or older, but not older than 25 years of age, copy of the individual certificate of participation in the defence and citizenship day (JDC) or provisional certificate pending at the JDC or individual certificate of exemption
  • If you are a foreigner, proof of your regular stay or, if you are exempt from a residence permit, proof of your presence in France for at least 6 months (payroll, rent receipt...)
On your own

You can choose to register for the permit yourself.

One harmonised prefectural registration number (HLN) is assigned to you when registering for the exam.

The online service is accessible with FranceConnect or identifiers TWO: titleContent.

If you don't have an ANTS ID, you can create an account to have a personal space on the ANTS website.

Prepare the following documents in a scanned version:

  • For 1re application for a permit, if you are a french national, 17 years of age or older, but not older than 25 years of age, copy of the individual certificate of participation in the defence and citizenship day (JDC) or provisional certificate pending at the JDC or individual certificate of exemption
  • If you are a foreigner, proof of your regular stay or, if you are exempt from a residence permit, proof of your presence in France for at least 6 months (payroll, rent receipt...)

Driver's licence: online application for a NEPH number

Please note

if you are a minor, the application must be made by a person who parental authority.

You can pass the code (ETG) via a school car or as a free candidate.

To be exempted from passing the code, you must at least one of the following conditions ::

  • Have obtained a favourable result for the theoretical test (code) for a maximum of 5 years
  • Have a licence category for 5 years or less, except AM category
  • Have a French driving licence obtained by exchange (code 70) for 5 years or less
    Code 70 should be followed by the following letters: DE (Germany), AT (Austria), BE (Belgium), BG (Bulgaria), CY (Cyprus, Greek), HR (Croatia), DK (Denmark), ES (Spain), EE (Estonia), FI (Finland), GR (Greece), HU (Hungary), IE (Ireland), IT (Italy), LV (Latvia), LT (Lithuania), LU (Luxembourg), MT (Malta), NL (Netherlands), PL (Poland), PT (Portugal), CZ (Czech Republic), RO (Romania), SK (Slovakia), SI (Slovenia), SE (Sweden), IS (Iceland), LI (Liechtenstein), NO (Norway).

Code waiver may be granted if you present any of the following:

  • Valid driving licence
  • Certificate of temporary examination of the valid driver's licence, paper or dematerialised (4 months maximum)

Warning  

From 2021, categories A1 or A2 no longer allow a code waiver (general theoretical test or GSS).

Training

Self-school

You're on the first time

The duration of the training is 20 hours minimumincluding 15 hours on taxiways, or at least 10 hours in the case of a driving simulator.

You have an AM or B1 licence

The duration of the training is 20 hours minimumincluding 15 hours on taxiways, or at least 10 hours in the case of a driving simulator.

You have an A, A1 or A2 permit

The duration of the training depends on your progress in learning.

You pass the automatic gearbox licence

The duration of the training is 13 hours minimum, including 10 hours on taxiways, or at least 7 hours in the case of a driving simulator.

FYI  

if you pass the permit automatic gearbox (restrictive code 78), you will have to follow a training to drive a car to manual box. You must wait a minimum 3 months after the permit has been issued. Hard training 7 hours. Contact labelled self-school.

Free candidate

You can prepare for the exam with a loved one in free candidate.

Review

If you followed early learning of driving formula, your initial training completion certificate is verified.

One view test can be achieved.

In the event of an inconclusive test, the examiner shall report it to the local driving licence examination department: DDT: titleContent, DDTM: titleContent (road education office) or prefecture.

You must then make an appointment to pass a medical check with a licenced physician.

The practical test assesses the following ::

  • Compliance with the provisions of the Highway Code
  • Knowledge of the vehicle and ability to detect the most important technical defects
  • Control control and vehicle handling
  • Ability to ensure its own safety and that of other users on any type of road
  • Ability to perceive and anticipate traffic hazards and to act appropriately
  • Knowledge of basic first aid concepts
  • Degree of autonomy in the realisation of a journey
  • Ability to drive while respecting the environment and adopting a courteous and considerate behaviour towards other users

Practical test 32 minutes.

The practical test shall include the following: ::

  • At least 25 minutes driving time
  • Performing 2 different manoeuvres (one stop braking and one reverse manoeuvre)
  • Verification of a technical component inside or outside the vehicle (this test is discontinued until 30 June 2022)
  • Road safety issue
  • Question about basic first aid concepts

To be received, you must get 20 points or more and do not make any eliminatory errors.

For example, crossing a continuous line, driving on the left, not respecting a signal that requires stopping.

Please note

registration on RdvPermit allows book online his appointment for the practical examination driver's licence in the following departments ::

Ain (01), Aisne (02), Allier (03), Alpes-de-Haute-Provence (04), Hautes-Alpes (05), Alpes-Maritimes (06), Ardèche (07), Ariège (09), Aude (11), Aveyron (12), Bouches-du - Rhône (13), Calvados (14), Cantal (15), Charente (16), Charente-Maritime (17), Cher (18), Corrèze (19), Côtes-d'Armour (22), Creuse (23), Dordogne (24), Drôme (26 ), Eure (27), Eure-et-Loir (28), Finistère (29), Gard (30), Haute-Garonne (31), Gers (32), Gironde (33), Hérault (34), Ille-et-Vilaine (35), Indre (36), Indre et-Loire (37), Isère (38), Landes (40), Loir-et-Cher (41), Loire (42), Haute-Loire (43), Loire-Atlantique (44), Loiret (45), Lot (46), Lot-et-Garonne (47), Lozère (48), Maine-et-Loire (49), Manche (50), Mayenne (53), Morbihan (56), Nord (59), Oise (60), Orne (61), Pas-de-Calais (62), Puy-de-Dôme (63), Pyrénées-Atlantiques (6 4), Hautes-Pyrénées (65), Pyrénées-Orientales (66), Rhône (69), Sarthe (72), Savoie (73), Haute-Savoie (74), Paris (75), Seine-Maritime (76), Seine-et-Marne (77), Yvelines (7 8), Deux-Sèvres (79), Somme (80), Tarn (81), Tarn-et-Garonne (82), Var (83), Vaucluse (84), Vendée (85), Vienna (86), Haute-Vienne (87), Essonne (91), Hauts-de-Seine (92), Seine-Saint-Denis (93), Val-de-Marne (94) and Val-d'Oise (95), La Réunion (974), Mayotte (Mayotte) 976).

RdvPermit: Book a place online for the practical driving test

After the practical test, the inspector does not communicate the result orally to you.

You must view online results on the Road Safety website 48 hours after the exam.

If the result is favourable, download your driving licence examination certificate (ECC).

This certificate, together with an identity document, serves as a driving licence for 4 months from the day of the examination.

In case of control of the police, you can present the CEPC paper version or directly on a smartphone or tablet.

The CEPC does not allow driving abroad.

Results of driving licence

FYI  

if you fail a driving test, you cannot take the next test before 2 days (date to date).

To obtain your B licence, the process is different depending on whether it is your 1mother obtaining a driver's licence or adding a category.

1st Permit

Ask your school whether it is taking care of your driving licence or whether it is up to you to ask for it.

If you make the request yourself, it is done online on the website of theTWO: titleContent.

The online service is accessible with FranceConnect or with your ANTS IDs, in French only.

If you don't have an ANTS ID, you can create an account to have a personal space on the ANTS website.

You need the following documents in a scanned version:

  • For 1re application for a permit, if you are a french national, 17 years of age or older, but not older than 25 years of age, copy of the individual certificate of participation in the defence and citizenship day (JDC) or provisional certificate pending at the JDC or individual certificate of exemption
  • If you are a foreigner, proof of your regular stay or, if you are exempt from a residence permit, proof of your presence in France for at least 6 months (payroll, rent receipt...)

Steps to follow ::

1/ Sign in or create an account TWO: titleContent

2/ Click on "New request"

3/ Choose the reason for your application "I request the production of a driving licence"

3/ Complete the entries and add the requested supporting documents

4/ Confirm approach

Online application for a driving licence following passing an examination

You can follow the production and sending of your driving licence online.

The online service is accessible via FranceConnect or with your ID TWO: titleContent , in French only

If you don't have an ANTS ID, you can create an account to have a personal space on the ANTS website.

Once connected to your space TWO: titleContent, you view your request in the dashboard.

Driver's licence: keep track of the progress of your application to drive

Shipping driver's licence is Expert Letter

This is a secure shipment, with hand-over against signature.

  • The address that you specify during the online procedure must be the fullest possible
    (building number, flat number, mailbox number, floor, corridor, staircase, "resident",...)
  • Your mailbox shall submit first name of the person receiving the mail.

If you are absent when passing the factor, you must go to the Post Office in 15 days with your notice of passage or with the number of the Expert Letter.

If you could not go to the Post Office within 15 days, you have nothing to do.

Your permit will be sent to you.

In other cases, contactTWO: titleContent via the contact form:

Who shall I contact

Please note

if it's your 1to driver's licence, it is probationary permit. You must affix the "A" sign on the back of your vehicle.

Adding Category B to your licence

If you already have a driving licence (motorcycle A, A1 or A2), you must add category B on your licence.

If you are taking courses in a car school to prepare for the licence exam, the fees vary depending on the institution and the preparation you choose.

Registration to code cost €30.

If the code fails, you must repay this amount.

The validity of a driving licence (driving licence) format credit card is 15 years.

At the end of this period, renewal is a simple administrative process: there is no driving test or medical check to pass.

However, the period of validity of the title may be reduced for health reasons.

The effective date the title shall be indicated at front, line 4b.

The date of validity of certificate should not be confused with the validity of your licence categories.

Thus, even if your licence is valid for only 15 years, your licence category remains valid for life (except individual restrictions).

The dates on which the categories licences shall be back of the permit columns 10 and 11.

Decrypt driver's licence

Download
Decrypt driver's licence - plus de détails dans le texte suivant l’infographie
Crédits: Direction de l'information légale et administrativeInfographie - Decrypt driver's licence

The infographic explains the information on the driver's licence:

Front of the driving licence:

1. Name of holder

2. First name of the holder

3. Date and place of birth of holder

4a. Date of issue of title

4b. Title End Date

4c Issuing Authority

5. Title number

7. Signature of the holder

9. Categories of licences

Unnumbered legend: symbol and name of the State which issued the driving licence

Back of permit:

9. Categories of licences

10. Date of 1re issuance of each class of licence

11. End date of each licence category

12. Restrictive codes. For example: 01.01 for glasses

Unnumbered Legend: Folder Number (NEPH Number)