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Permit B: car or van

Verified 03 décembre 2021 - Legal and Administrative Information Directorate (Prime Minister)

Licence B allows you to drive a car (with or without a trailer). To obtain a B licence, you must have 18 years or more. However, the application for the permit can be made immediately 16 years (or 15 years in case of early learning driving). You can register and prepare for the exam (code + driving) via a car school or by yourself. A certificate (CEPC) is issued to you in case of success. This certificate permits driving 4 months waiting for your permit.

Car or van

A B licence permits the driver to drive a vehicle with the following 3 characteristics:

  • It is used for the transport of persons or goods
  • Sound PTAC is less than or equal to 3,5 tons
  • It has 9 seats maximum (driver included)

This vehicle may be coupled to:

  • a trailer with a PTAC of 750 kg or less
  • or a trailer with a PTAC greater than 750 kg if the sum of the PTAC (car + trailer) does not exceed 3 500 kg.

Licence B also allows you to drive a agricultural or forestry vehicle not exceeding 40 km/h, regardless of the weight of its trailer.

The additional reference 96 permit B is required when PTAC the trailer is greater than 750 kg and the PTAC of the vehicle + trailer combination is greater than 3500 kg but less than 4250 kg.

To obtain the additional entry 96, follow a 7-hour training.

The training consists of an out-of-circulation (HC) sequence and an in-circulation (CIR) sequence.

The training is provided by a self-study or by an association of social or professional integration or reintegration.

At the end of this training, you receive a certificate.

This certificate does not authorise driving.

Only the addition of the additional entry 96 on category B of the driving licence gives the right to drive vehicles falling within this category.

This addition is requested by the registered school or association.

2 or 3 wheels (motorcycle, scooter...)

Category B of the driving licence authorises the driving of 2 motor wheels or a 3-wheeled scooter subject to several conditions (training, length of licence B, age).

Camping

Camper less than or equal to 3,5 tons

Permit B permits the conduct of motorhome of which PTAC shall not exceed 3,5 tons.

A B licence permits the driver to drive a vehicle with the following 3 characteristics:

  • It is used for the transport of persons or goods
  • Sound PTAC is less than or equal to 3,5 tons
  • It has 9 seats maximum (driver included)

This vehicle may be coupled to:

  • a trailer with a PTAC of 750 kg or less
  • or a trailer with a PTAC greater than 750 kg if the sum of the PTAC (car + trailer) does not exceed 3 500 kg.

Camper + 3.5 tons

Rules for driving a motorhome of + 3.5 tons

Characteristics of Permit B

Driving with a B licence?

Permit B issued on or after January 20, 1975

No.

You must pass permit C1.

Permit B issued before January 20, 1975, invalidated or cancelled after that date

No.

You must pass permit C1.

Permit B issued before January 20, 1975 obtained following the exchange of a permit issued by another State (European (or not) where the exchange took place after 20 January 1975

No.

You must pass permit C1.

Licence B issued before January 20, 1975 following the validation of a professional diploma when this validation took place after January 20, 1975

No.

You must pass permit C1.

B licence issued before January 20, 1975, obtained following the conversion of a military driver's licence when that conversion took place after January 20, 1975

No.

You must pass permit C1.

Permit B issued before January 20, 1975

Yes

Age

You must have 18 years or older to obtain the B permit.

However, you can enrol in the exam from the age of 16 (or 15 if you are preparing the permit under early learning of driving).

Own ASSR or ASR

If you're under 21 and it's the firstmother class of licence you are issuing, you must hold the 2nd level road safety certificate (ASSR2) or road safety certificate (ASR).

In case of loss or theft of these certificates, you can make a statement on honour [application/pdf - 78.2 KB] .

Citizenship - Nationality

You are French

If you are under the age of 25, you must be in good standing with census obligations.

You are European

If you are a Swiss, Andorran, Monegasque or the European Economic Area (EEA), you must have your personal and/or professional ties for at least 6 months in France.

You are foreigners

You must have lived in France for at least 6 months and have a valid residence permit.

Health

If you have a health problem, you must pass a medical check before applying for a driving licence.

Through a car school

Upon your request, your school will take care of your registration for the permit exam.

However, you must activate the account created on your behalf on theCHILDREN.

You receive an email to activate the account.

One harmonised prefectural registration number (HLN) is assigned to you when registering for the exam.

Your school needs the following documents to register:

  • If you are French and under 25 years of age, copy of the individual certificate of participation in the defence and citizenship day (JDC) or provisional certificate pending at the JDC or individual exemption certificate
  • If you are a foreigner, proof of your regular stay or, if you are exempt from a residence permit, proof of your presence in France for at least 6 months (payroll, rent receipt...)

By yourself

You can choose to register for the permit yourself.

You must create an account on theCHILDREN and get your IDs.

One harmonised prefectural registration number (HLN) is assigned to you when registering for the exam.

Driver's licence: online request for a NEPH number

National Secured Securities Agency

Accessible with your ID CHILDREN or FranceConnect

To register online, you need the following documents in a scanned version:

  • If you are French and under 25 years of age, copy of the individual certificate of participation in the defence and citizenship day (JDC) or provisional certificate pending at the JDC or individual exemption certificate
  • If you are a foreigner, proof of your regular stay or, if you are exempt from a residence permit, proof of your presence in France for at least 6 months (payroll, rent receipt...)

  Please note : if you are a minor, the application must be made by a person who parental authority.

You pass the code (ETG) via a school car or as a free candidate.

To be exempted from the code, at least one of the following conditions :

  • Have obtained a favourable result for the theoretical test (code) for a maximum of 5 years
  • Have a licence category for 5 years or less, except AM category
  • Have a French driving licence obtained by exchange (code 70) for 5 years or less
    Code 70 must be followed by the following letters: DE (Germany), AT (Austria), BE (Belgium), BG (Bulgaria), CY (Cyprus), HR (Croatia), DK (Denmark), ES (Spain), EE (Estonia), FI (Finland), GR (Greece), HU (Hungary), IE (Ireland), IT (Italy), LV (Latvia), LT (Lithuania), LU (Luxembourg), MT (Malta), NL (Country) Netherlands), PL (Poland), PT (Portugal), CZ (Czech Republic), RO (Romania), SK (Slovakia), SI (Slovenia), SE (Sweden), IS (Iceland), LI (Liechtenstein), NO (Norway).

Code waiver may be granted if you present any of the following:

  • Valid driving licence
  • Certificate of temporary examination of the valid driver's licence, paper or dematerialised (4 months maximum)

  Warning : From 2021, categories A1 or A2 no longer allow a code waiver (general theoretical test or GSS).

Training

Self-school

You're on the first time

The duration of the training is 20 hours minimumincluding 15 hours on taxiways, or at least 10 hours in the case of a driving simulator.

You have an AM or B1 licence

The duration of the training is 20 hours minimumincluding 15 hours on taxiways, or at least 10 hours in the case of a driving simulator.

You have an A, A1 or A2 permit

The duration of the training depends on your progress in learning.

You pass the automatic gearbox licence

The duration of the training is 13 hours minimumincluding 10 hours on taxiways, or at least 7 hours in the case of a driving simulator.

  FYI : if you pass the permit automatic gearbox (restrictive code 78), you will have to follow a training to drive a car to manual. You must wait a minimum 3 months after the permit. Hard training 7 hours. Contact labelled autoschool .

Free candidate

You can prepare for the exam with a loved one free candidate.

Review

If you followed early learning of driving, your initial training completion certificate is verified.

One view test can be achieved.

In the event of an inconclusive test, the examiner shall inform the local driving licence examination department: DDT, DDTM (road education office) or prefecture.

You must then make an appointment to pass a medical check with a licenced physician.

The practical test assesses the following :

  • Compliance with the rules of the road
  • Vehicle knowledge and ability to detect the most important technical defects
  • Control control and vehicle handling
  • Ability to ensure its own safety and that of other users on any type of road
  • Ability to perceive and anticipate traffic hazards and to act appropriately
  • Knowledge of basic first aid concepts
  • Degree of autonomy in the realisation of a journey
  • Ability to drive while respecting the environment and adopting a courteous and considerate behaviour towards other users

Practical test 32 minutes.

The practical test shall include the following :

  • Driving phase of at least 25 minutes
  • Performing 2 different manoeuvres (one stop braking and one reverse manoeuvre)
  • Verification of a technical component inside or outside the vehicle (this test is discontinued until 30 June 2022)
  • Road safety issue
  • Question about basic first aid

To be received, you must 20 points or more and do not make any eliminatory errors.

For example, crossing a continuous line, driving on the left, not respecting a signal that requires stopping.

  Please note : registration on  RdvPermit allows book online his appointment for practical examination driver's licence in the following departments :

Ain, Allier, Alpes-Maritimes, Alpes-de-Haute-Provence, Ardèche, Ariège, Aude, Aveyron, Bouches-du-Rhône, Cantal, Corrèze, Creuse, Drôme, Gard, Gers, Gironde, Hautes-Alpes, Haute-Garonne, Haute-Loire, Hautes-Pyrénées, Haute-Savoie, Haute-Vienne , Hérault, Isère, Landes, Loire, Lot-et-Garonne, Lozère, Puy-de-Dôme, Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Pyrénées-Orientales, Rhône, Savoie, Tarn-et-Garonne, Var, Vaucluse.

After the practical test, the inspector does not communicate the result orally to you.

You view online results on the Road Safety website 48 hours after the exam.

If the result is favourable, download your driving licence examination certificate.

This certificate, together with an identity document, serves as a driving licence for 4 months from the day of the examination.

In case of control of the police, you can present CEPC paper version or directly on a smartphone or tablet.

The CEPC does not lead to foreigner.

  FYI : if you fail a driving test, you cannot take the next test before 2 days (date to date).

To obtain your B licence, the process is different depending on whether it is your 1mother obtaining a driving licence or adding a category.

1st Permit

Ask your school whether it is taking care of your driving licence or whether it is up to you.

If you make the request yourself, it is done online on the website of theCHILDREN.

Online application for a driving licence following passing an examination

National Secured Securities Agency

Accessible with FranceConnect or with your IDs. If you don't have one, you are asked to create an account to have a personal space on the ANTS website.

You must provide the following documents in a scanned version:

  • If you are French and under 25 years of age, copy of the individual certificate of participation in the defence and citizenship day (JDC) or provisional certificate pending at the JDC or individual exemption certificate
  • If you are a foreigner, proof of your regular stay or, if you are exempt from a residence permit, proof of your presence in France for at least 6 months (payroll, rent receipt...)

You follow the production and sending of your driving licence online.

Driver's licence: follow the progress of his driving application

National Secured Securities Agency

Accessible with FranceConnect or with your IDs.

Shipping driver's licenceExpert Letter.

This is a secure shipment, with hand-over against signature.

  • The address you specify during the online procedure must be as complete as possible
    (building number, flat number, mailbox number, floor, corridor, staircase, "resident",...)
  • Your mailbox must include the first and last name of the person receiving the mail.

If you are absent when the postman passes, you must go to the Post Office in the 15 days with your notice of passage or with the number of the Expert Letter.

If you couldn't get to the Post Office within 15 days, you don't have to do anything.

Your permit will be sent to you.

In other cases, contactCHILDREN via the contact form:

Who shall I contact

  Please note : if it's your 1to driver's licence trial permit. You must affix the "A" sign on the back of your vehicle.

Adding Category B to your licence

If you already have a driving licence (motorcycle A, A1 or A2), you must add category B on your licence.

If you take courses in a car school to prepare for the licence exam, the fees vary depending on the institution and the preparation chosen.

Registration code cost €30. If the code fails, you must repay this amount.

The validity of a driving licence (driving licence) format credit card is 15 years.

At the end of this period, renewal is a simple administrative process: there is no driving test or medical check.

However, the period of validity of the title may be reduced for health reasons.

The effective date of the title front, line 4b.

The date of validity should not be confused with the validity of your licence categories.

Thus, even if your licence is valid for only 15 years, your licence category remains valid for life (except individual restrictions).

The dates on which the categories licences shall be back permit columns 10 and 11.