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Driving licences and medical examinations for health reasons

Verified 06 mai 2022 - Legal and Administrative Information Directorate (Prime Minister)

You have health problem and you wonder if one medical visit is required for pass permit or maintain permit ? You get a layout, e.g. an adapted gearbox or an automatic clutch? We will tell you in which cases the medical examination is mandatory and the steps to follow to do the procedure.

You pass the permit

Step-by-step approach

You must pass a medical examination in the following cases:

  Please note : if you do not have a medical check-up and you are responsible for an accident related to a condition incompatible with driving, you are not not covered by your insurance.

You must contact a registered town physician by the prefect of your department.

This doctor should not be your attending physician.

You can view list of registered physicians on prefectural websites.

The list of accredited doctors is also available in prefectures, sub-prefectures and in the town halls of certain communes.

  FYI : you can take the medical check with a licenced physician in a department other than your home. In this case, it is prudent to include in your file an explanation of the use of a doctor other than that of your department of residence.

General case

Who shall I contact

In Paris

Who shall I contact

You must download and pre-fill the cerfa form no. 14880.

The form is also available in prefecture.

You must also complete a questionnaire about your health.

You can download the order of 28 March 2022 which contains this questionnaire in Annexe III (page 44) )

Also prepare a identification (original) and documents you find useful on health.

The doctor should check your fitness, cognitive and sensory driving.

If you have not already completed the questionnaire regarding your health, the doctor will have you fill it out.

He reviews your file and conducts the medical examination.

The doctor may:

  • Prescribe additional reviews
  • Prescribe a psychotechnical examination with a psychologist who has been registered with the prefect
  • Ask advice from specialised health professionals
  • Request a driving test
  • Request your review by a medical board

If necessary, contact your prefecture to make these enquiries.

General case

Who shall I contact

In Paris

For the LES in Paris, please consult the police prefecture website , taking into account the specificities of the Parisian organisation.

The medical examination, also called medical checkcosts €36.

The average price of a psychotechnical examination is €100 about.

Health Insurance (Social Security) does not cover the costs of medical check-ups or any additional tests.

The doctor gives you the original medical opinion.

The doctor gives the "fit" opinion.

This means that your health is compatible with driving.

Keep medical advice which will be necessary to make your application to drive online on theCHILDREN.

You enrol in the exam driver's licence.

The medical opinion has a validity of 2 years.

  Please note : the prefect is not obliged to follow the medical advice and may object to your registration for the driving licence examination.

The doctor gives you the original medical opinion.

There are 3 possible reviews:

  • Unfit
    This means that your health condition is incompatible with driving.
  • Temporary
    The doctor specifies the duration, between 6 months and 5 years.
  • Restricted fit
    The doctor shall specify the necessary arrangements or equipment.

You receive a mail to inform yourself that submit comments.

At the end of the deadline to collect your comments, the prefect notifyby mail its decision : incapacityability temporary or aptitude restricted.

The letter shall specify remedies and time limits.

You can appeal to the Medical Appeals Board.

However, you must respect the decision of the prefect even if you appeal.

The Board shall examine you, consult the accredited medical practitioner if necessary and transmit its opinion the prefect.

If the Prefect makes a negative decision again, you can request a new medical check in 6 months following this decision.

You can also do a appeal to administrative judge.

You already have a permit

Step-by-step approach

You must pass a medical examination in the following cases:

  Please note : if you do not have a medical check-up and are responsible for an accident related to a condition incompatible with driving, you are not covered by your insurance.

You must contact a registered town physician by the prefect of your department.

This doctor should not be your attending physician.

You can view list of registered physicians on prefectural websites.

The list of accredited doctors is also available in prefectures, sub-prefectures and in the town halls of certain communes.

  FYI : you can take the medical check with a licenced physician in a department other than your home. In this case, it is prudent to include in your file an explanation of the use of a doctor other than that of your department of residence.

Who shall I contact

You must download and pre-fill the cerfa form no. 14880.

The form is also available in prefecture.

You must also complete a questionnaire about your health.

You can download the order of 28 March 2022 which contains this questionnaire in Annexe III (page 44) )

Also prepare a identification (original) and documents you find useful on health.

The doctor should check your fitness, cognitive and sensory driving.

If you have not already completed the questionnaire regarding your health, the doctor will have you fill it out.

He reviews your file and conducts the medical examination.

The doctor may:

  • Prescribe additional reviews
  • Prescribe a psychotechnical examination with a psychologist who has been registered with the prefect
  • Ask advice from specialised health professionals
  • Request a driving test
  • Request your review by a medical board

If necessary, contact your prefecture to make these enquiries.

General case

Who shall I contact

In Paris

For the LES in Paris, please consult the police prefecture website , taking into account the specificities of the Parisian organisation.

The medical examination, also called medical checkcosts €36.

Health insurance does not cover the cost of a medical examination or any additional examinations.

The average price of a psychotechnical examination is €100 about.

However, the medical check is free for a disabled person whose recognised disability rate is equal to or greater than 50%.

The doctor gives you the original medical opinion.

The doctor gives the opinion"Fit".

This means that your health is compatible with driving.

  Warning : the medical advice "Apte" does not allow you to drive until the prefect has made a decision unless your permit is still valid at the time of medical examination.

In case of control by law enforcement, present your driving licence and medical opinion.

The medical opinion has a validity of 2 years.

The application for renewal can be found online on theCHILDREN.

You must attach scanned version of medical opinion other documents requested.

Online application for a driving licence upon expiry

National Secured Securities Agency

Accessible with FranceConnect or identifiers CHILDREN. If you don't have one, you are asked to create an account to have a personal space on the ANTS website.

  Please note : the prefect is not obliged to follow the medical advice. He can make an unfavourable decision.

The doctor gives you the original medical opinion.

There are 3 possible reviews:

  • Unfit
    This means that your health condition is incompatible with driving.
  • Temporary
    The doctor specifies the duration, between 6 months and 5 years.
  • Restricted fit
    The doctor shall specify the necessary arrangements or equipment.

You receive a mail to inform yourself that make your comments.

At the end of the deadline to collect your comments, the prefect notifyby mail its decision : incapacityability temporary or aptitude restricted.

The letter shall specify remedies and time limits.

You can appeal to the medical board of appeal.

However, you must respect the decision of the prefect even if you appeal.

The Board shall examine you, consult the accredited medical practitioner if necessary and transmit its opinion the prefect.

If the Prefect makes a negative decision again, you can request a new medical check in 6 months following this decision.

You can also do aappeal to administrative judge.