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Driving license: supervised driving from 18 years

Verified 01 June 2020 - Directorate for Legal and Administrative Information (Prime Minister)

Supervised driving possible in the event of failure to pass the practical test

Published on 3 June 2020

The law n°2019-1428 of 24 december 2019 on the orientation of mobility and decree n°2020-605 of 18 may 2020 allow a student who has failed the driving test to follow the supervised driving.

The student must have validated minimum skills during the practical driving test.

An order must define these minimum competencies.

The content of this page remains current and will be modified as soon as this Order comes into force.

Supervised learning is possible from the age of 18. It concerns category B of the driving license. Learning has a 1mother initial training phase provided by the car-school (traffic code + 20 hours minimum driving time), and a 2nest supervised driving phase with an attendant. The choice for the supervised driving phase may be made after initial training or after failing the practical test of the license examination.

You must meet the following conditions:

  • 18 years or older
  • Have the agreement of the vehicle insurer

Learning involves 2 steps:

  • Initial training in a car school
  • Supervised driving with an accompanying person

The auto-school must offer you a standard contract for the teaching of driving ..

This contract specifies in particular the program and the course of the training, the price of the training and the administrative services, the obligations of each, the means of payment...

You will be provided with a learning booklet that indicates the objectives of the training.

Initial Training

Initial training shall consist of a theoretical and a practical part.

The practical part must have a minimum of 20 hours of training (including 15 hours on open lanes, or at least 10 hours in the case of a driving simulator).

However, this rule does not apply to the following candidates:

  • You already hold another category of the license, except for categories AM and B1 (the length of the training depends on your progress in learning)
  • You have limited training in driving vehicles equipped with automatic gearboxes (minimum training of 13 hours, including 10 hours on open lanes, or at least 7 hours in the case of driving simulators)

At the end of the training, if the assessment of your acquired skills is good, you will receive an Initial Training Completion Certificate (AFFI).

Supervised driving phase

Before starting the supervised driving phase, you must meet the following conditions:

  • Have passed the code (General Theory Test or GSS) or already held a license category for up to 5 years
  • Holding the certificate of completion of initial training

The supervised driving phase begins with a minimum driving sequence of 2 hours with at least one attendant, on a vehicle of the driving school. A guide is given to the accompanying person.

Throughout supervised driving, you must meet the following conditions:

  • Driving in France (no driving abroad)
  • Road and motorway traffic
  • Circulate at different times of day and night and under different weather conditions
  • Meet specific speed limits
Speed limits

Track Type

Maximum speed

Sections of motorways where speed is limited to 130 km/h

110 kph

Other sections of motorways

100 kph

Roads with 2 carriageways separated by a central platform

100 kph


50 kph

Other routes

80 kph

The accompanying person must meet all of the following conditions:

  • Hold a B license for at least 5 years
  • Obtaining the agreement of his insurance company (the insurer may refuse if the attendant has committed serious offenses)
  • Not having been punished, in the previous 5 years, by a cancelation or invalidation of the driving license

It is possible to have several attendants, inside or outside the family setting.

A distinctive sticker or magnetized sign shall be affixed to the left rear of the vehicle (and to the trailer if necessary).

When you feel ready, you can take (or retake) the practical test of the driver's license exam.


if successful, supervised driving training shall not reduce the probationary period of driving license..