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Rent your second home (furnished with tourism)

Verified 20 août 2020 - Directorate for Legal and Administrative Information (Prime Minister)

It is possible to make your secondary residence a furnished with tourism, that is to say, you can rent it for a passing clientele, for its exclusive use and for short periods. Several steps need to be taken. It is possible to ask for its ranking, as would a hotelier.

The furnished tourist accommodation is individual accommodation type villas, apartments, furnished studios offered for rent. The following 3 conditions must be met:

  • It is for the exclusive use of the tenant (you must not be present)
  • The tenant does not live there (passing customers)
  • The tenant resides there for a short period (day, week or month rental) and for a maximum of 90 days for the same client

In order to qualify as furnished, the accommodation must include the following equipment:

  • Furniture
  • Bedding
  • Gas cooker or hot plates
  • Refrigerator
  • Kitchen utensils

If you own a house and want to rent it as a tourist apartment, you must first check that the condominium rules do not prohibit it. This restriction is generally imposed in buildings for use of exclusively bourgeois dwelling where any professional activity is prohibited.

It is mandatory to declare your furnished tourism in town hall.

The procedure for doing so depends on the municipality in which your secondary residence is located.

3 procedures exist:

  • In very big cities, you have to get a change of use authorization then make the declaration of your accommodation in the town hall. This is the case when the city council uses a report number.. These include the cities of Paris, Annecy, Aix-en-Provence, Biarritz, Bordeaux, Cannes, Lyon, Nice, Strasbourg, Toulouse and Tours.
  • In the big cities, you have to declare your furnished in town hall, then get a change of use authorization (declaration and authorization). This is particularly the case for other cities with more than 200,000 inhabitants, or located in the Hauts-de-Seine, the Seine-Saint-Denis and the Val-de-Marne. However, any municipality may decide to impose this procedure.
  • In other cities, you have to declare your furniture (declaration only) in the town hall, without having to obtain authorization.

Ask your town hall to find out what procedure is in effect.

Who shall I contact

Very large city

Application for change of use authorization

You must obtain an authorization from the town hall in order to change the use of your accommodation in tourism furnished (passage in tourist furnished).

Failure to do so shall be punished by a civil fine of up to €50,000.. The initial restoration of the accommodation and a penalty of €1,000 per day and per m2 can be ordered.

  FYI : the granting of such authorization may be subject to compliance with a rule compensation.. This rule requires you to purchase an equivalent area of a commercial space that you will have to transform into a residential space. Ask your local council.

If you are granted authorization, you must then change the destination of the premises to hotel accommodation.

Furnished declaration

You must declare the accommodation at the town hall in order to obtain a declaration number.

Contact your town hall to find out how.

Who shall I contact

Upon receipt of your declaration, the town hall will immediately issue you an acknowledgement of receipt including a declaration number. This number must be indicated in each advertisement of offer to rent this accommodation.

  FYI : not to declare your accommodation in town hall is punishable by a civil fine up to €5,000..

You will need to include this number in all rental offer listings for your accommodation.

Big City

Furnished declaration

You must declare the accommodation in town hall. Failure to comply with this obligation shall be punishable by a fine of up to €450..

You must use the following service:

Declare a furnished tourist in town hall

Ministry of Economy

This teleservice allows you to fill out directly the form cerfa n°14004, which is used to declare in town hall a furnished tourist.

Once completed, the form is automatically sent to your town hall, if it uses this teleservice.

If not, you can download the completed form online and then print it. It must then be sent to your town hall by registered mail with acknowledgement of receipt or deposited at the town hall.

Application for change of use authorization

You must obtain a permission from the town hall to change the use of your accommodation in furnished tourism.

Failure to comply with this obligation shall be punishable by a civil fine of up to €50,000.. In case of conviction, the initial restoration of the dwelling and a penalty of €1,000 per day and per m2 can be ordered.

  FYI : the granting of such authorization may be subject to compliance with a rule compensation.. This rule requires you to purchase an equivalent area of a commercial space that you will have to transform into a residential space. Ask your local council.

Other city

You must declare the accommodation in town hall. Failure to comply with this obligation shall be punishable by a fine of up to €450..

You must use the following service:

Declare a furnished tourist in town hall

Ministry of Economy

This teleservice allows you to fill out directly the form cerfa n°14004, which is used to declare in town hall a furnished tourist.

Once completed, the form is automatically sent to your town hall, if it uses this teleservice.

If not, you can download the completed form online and then print it. It must then be sent to your town hall by registered mail with acknowledgement of receipt or deposited at the town hall.

You must request your registration in the Mermaid directory of theInsee.. This formality is free. You must apply to the court of commerce of the place of the rented dwelling using a form.

Declaration of commencement of activity - natural person engaged in a self-employed activity (P0i)

Cerfa n° 11921*05 - Ministry of Economy
Other number : P0i

Concerns self-employed activities.

For example, a non-professional furnished rental agent must address this form to the commercial court registry.

Once this process is completed, a SIRET number will be assigned to you by theInsee.. This number will be posted on your supplementary income statement.. In fact, income from renting, as a non-professional rental, is subject to progressive income tax structure.. Beyond of a certain amount, you will also have to pay social contributions.

  Please note : if you use an internet platform to rent your home, they must provide you in january with a document showing the gross amount of transactions made the previous year.

Depending on your situation (location and personal use of the leased property), you may have to pay the business property tax. You should consult the business tax department (BIT) of the location of the rental unit to find out whether or not you will have to pay this tax.

Benefits of classification

The classification of a furnished tourist allows to indicate its level of comfort and equipment to the customer. There are 5 categories (from 1 to 5 stars).

  FYI : the classification sometimes allows to benefit from tax advantages (exemption of the housing tax and the property tax in ZRR , flat-rate reduction on rental income for micro-enterprises). Moreover, it avoids the application of an increased tourist tax.

Apply for exemption from the housing tax for guest rooms and furnished tourism located in rural revitalization zone (ZRR)

Cerfa n° 13567*02 - Ministry of Finance
Other number : 1205-GD

Property tax exemption on properties built for hotels, furnished with tourism and bed and breakfast located in rural revitalization zone (ZRR)

Cerfa n° 15532*01 - Ministry of Finance
Other number : 6671-D-SD

How do I get the ranking?

You can request the classification of your furnished tourism to the accredited or accredited evaluating body of your choice (listed on the lists of the Atout France website ) using a form.

Request for classification of a furnished tourist

Cerfa n° 11819*03 - Ministry of Tourism

The evaluating body shall carry out a classification visit of the dwelling. In the month following the visit, he will give you a certificate of visit including the following:

  • Report and control grid
  • Proposal for a decision to classify your furniture for the category mentioned in the inspection report

You have 15 days from receipt of the visit certificate to refuse the classification proposal. After this period and in the absence of a refusal, the classification is acquired.

The decision is valid for 5 years. It indicates the following:

  • Your name (and possibly the name of your agent)
  • Address of the furnished tourist, capacity expressed in number of persons who can be accommodated and category of its classification

  Warning : due to the Covid-19 crisis, rankings that expire between March 12, 2020 and April 30, 2021 are extended to 1to May 2021 without renewal.

You have the obligation to display the classification decision in a visible way inside the furnished.

In the event of the absence or serious inadequacy of the maintenance of your furniture, the prefect may remove it from the list of classified furniture.

If the advertised description or the displayed classification does not correspond to the characteristics of your furnished apartment, the tenant may refer the matter to the Departmental Directorate of Population Protection (DDPP or DDCSPP) for deceptive marketing.

If you are using an intermediary (intermediary or negotiator, or digital platform provider), they must inform you of your obligations (declaration, application for authorization).

Before the publication or posting of the rental advertisement, you must provide this intermediary with a certificate of honor stating:

  • that you have fulfilled these prior obligations (declaration, or even authorization for change of use),
  • the dwelling is not your principal residence,
  • and the housing declaration number (if allocated by the city council).

Ads of furnished apartments can be consulted in the town hall, in a tourist office and on online booking sites.

To denounce a deceptive commercial practice on a furnished rental, you can contact the Departmental Directorate for Population Protection (DDPP or DDCSPP).

You must respect the other rules that apply to furnished tourism:

In some communes, you will have to collect the tourist tax with the holidaymaker and return it to the municipality. Since January 2019, if you use an internet platform as a payment intermediary, it is up to him to collect the real city tax ..

To find out the amount of the tourist tax charged by your municipality, you can use a remote service.

City tax rates per municipality

Ministry of Finance