Category B weapons for a sports shooter (weapons subject to authorization)

Verified 04 April 2024 - Directorate for Legal and Administrative Information (Prime Minister)

What Class B weapons can be acquired and possessed for sport shooting? How do I apply for permission? What is the duration of the authorization? How do I store guns at home? Here are the key rules to know about these Class B weapons.

This is of handguns (revolver, pistol) and of long guns (gun, rifle):

Tableau - Main category B weapons used for sport shooting (excluding ammunition)

Type of weapon

Weapon

Features

Handgun (pistol, revolver)

Handgun + converted handgun not included in other categories

1-shot ring percussion handgun

1-shot long gun

Long gun

Total length of 80 cm +

or barrel length of 45 cm to +

Weapon of the following calibers: 7,62 × 39, 5,56 × 45, 5,45 × 39, 12,7 × 99, 14,5 × 114

Unless the weapon is classified in category A

Manual Repeating Long Gun

Manual repeating shoulder gun

Projectile less than 20 mm in diameter

31 hits maximum without replenishment

Long gun

Total length of 80 cm +

or barrel length of 45 cm to +

Repeatedly smooth-barreled shoulder gun

Total length of 80 cm +

or barrel length of 60 cm to +

Repeating shoulder firearm with pump-type recharging device

Smooth-barreled weapon and certain rifled guns

Weapon of the following calibers: 7,62 × 39, 5,56 × 45, 5,45 × 39, 12,7 × 99, 14,5 × 114

Unless the weapon is classified in category A

Automatic or semi-automatic repeating long guns

Semi-automatic repeating shoulder firearm, center-fire

Projectile less than 20 mm in diameter

Maximum 11 moves without replenishment

Semi-automatic repeating shoulder firearm with ring percussion

Projectile less than 20 mm in diameter

31 hits maximum without replenishment

Long gun

Total length of 80 cm +

or barrel length of 45 cm to +

Semi-automatic repeating smooth-barreled shoulder gun

Total length of 80 cm +

or barrel length of 60 cm to +

Semi-automatic repeating long gun

Looks like an automatic weapon

Weapon of the following calibers: 7,62 × 39, 5,56 × 45, 5,45 × 39, 12,7 × 99, 14,5 × 114

Unless the weapon is classified in category A

You must complete all of the following conditions to possess a Class B weapon for sport shooting:

  • Be of age or, if you are a minor, be a selected shooter participating in international competitions or at least 12 years of age
  • Not be enrolled in FINIADA: titleContent
  • Do not have on your criminal record bulletin no. 2 of convictions for certain offenses: murder, murder, torture, acts of barbarism, willful violence, rape, sexual assault, drug trafficking...
    It is the prefecture that makes the request for a ballot.
  • Not behave in a way that would make you or others fear the use of the weapon
  • Not be subject to a prohibition on possessing or carrying a weapon as part of a protection order for victims of violence
  • Not to have been or be admitted to psychiatric care without consent unless you present a medical certificate of less than 1 month.
    The medical certificate must be issued by one of the following health professionals: psychiatrist practitioner, hospital teacher, doctor of the psychiatric infirmary of the police prefecture for Paris, expert approved by the courts, specialist doctor
  • Be in a physical or mental state consistent with possession of a Class B weapon
  • Present a valid license from the Fédération française de tir (for certain category B weapons)

You're an adult

Authorization to acquire or possess a Category B weapon is to be requested online since february 27, 2024 after creating a SIA account.

Prepare the following documents:

  • Birth certificate extract with marginal entries less than 3 months old.
    In the absence of marginal entries, attach a certificate of non-inclusion in the civil register and/or in the annexed civil register.
    If you were born abroad, the birth certificate must be drawn up by a registrar French.
  • Favorable opinion of the Fédération française de tir on the acquisition and possession of weapons excluding their elements. This favorable opinion is linked to the regular practice of shooting.

Weapons Information System (AIS) - Owner Space

When you purchase a weapon from a gunsmith, the weapon is automatically transferred to your digital rack.

You must confirm the purchase of the weapon online through your account AIS: titleContent.

If you do not, the purchase is automatically validated after 5 days.

FYI  

If you submitted an application in paper format before February 27, 2024, you do not need to resubmit the application online. However, you must create an SIA account in order to receive authorization.

You're a minor

You participate in international competitions

Authorization to acquire and possess a Class B firearm must be obtained by mail.

Your file must contain the following documents:

  • Application Form cerfa no. 12644 completed and signed
  • Valid identity document (valid residence card or residence permit for a foreigner)
  • Proof of domicile
  • Declaration on the honor of a compliant installation in your home (safe, strong cabinet, strong room with armored door)
  • Birth certificate extract with marginal entries less than 3 months old. If you were born abroad, the birth certificate must be drawn up by a registrar French.
  • Valid shooting license, issued by the French Shooting Federation
  • Favorable opinion of the Fédération française de tir on the acquisition and possession of weapons excluding their elements. This favorable opinion is linked to the regular practice of shooting.
  • Proof of selection at international competitions

Send your file to the prefecture of your home.

Who shall I contact

You're in a different situation

If you are 12 years of age or older, you can apply for authorization to possess a Class B weapon for sport shooting.

The request is made by mail.

Your file must contain the following documents:

  • Application Form cerfa no. 12644 completed and signed
  • Valid identity document (valid residence card or residence permit for a foreigner)
  • Proof of domicile
  • Declaration on the honor of a compliant installation in your home (safe, strong cabinet, strong room with armored door)
  • Birth certificate extract with marginal entries less than 3 months old. If you were born abroad, the birth certificate must be drawn up by a registrar French.
  • Valid shooting license, issued by the French Shooting Federation
  • Favorable opinion of the Fédération française de tir on the acquisition and possession of weapons excluding their elements. This favorable opinion is linked to the regular practice of shooting.
  • Certificate of a person exercising parental authority mentioning that the weapon is held for the purpose of sport shooting

Send your file to the prefecture of your home.

Who shall I contact

You're an adult

You had one or more permissions when creating your SIA account as of February 27, 2024

When you create your SIA account, you are granted a new single authorization.

This new authorization is the title of possession of all your category B weapons.

The new authorization is valid until the end of validity date of the most recent authorization you had before the creation of your account.

The new permission replaces the permission(s) you had before creating your SIA account. These old authorizations are no longer valid.

You're in a different situation

Authorization to acquire and possess a Class B weapon shall be granted for 5 years .

You're a minor

Authorization to acquire and/or possess a Category B weapon shall be granted for 5 years .

You're an adult

You participate in national or international competitions

You can acquire and hold to the maximum 15 weapons authorized for sport shooting.

If you have more than 15 weapons, you have until December 31, 2024 to regularize your situation (divestment or neutralization).

You don't compete

You're a first-time applicant

You are first-time applicant if you are in one of these three situations :

  • You're asking for 1re once an authorization to acquire and possess weapons.
  • You were just 18 years old and, before your majority, you had a minor-specific authorization to possess weapons
  • You had an authorization to acquire and possess weapons, but you were registered in the FINIADA: titleContent

You are first-time applicant if you are in one of these three situations :

  • You're asking for 1re once an authorization to acquire and possess weapons.
  • You were just 18 years old and, before your majority, you had a minor-specific authorization to possess weapons
  • You had an authorization to acquire and possess weapons, but you were registered in the FINIADA: titleContent

You can hold as much as possible 6 weapons authorized for sport shooting for 5 years from your 1re detention order.

These weapons may only be used in the shooting stands of sports associations approved for shooting.

You're in a different situation

You can acquire and hold to the maximum 15 weapons authorized for sport shooting.

These weapons may only be used in the shooting stands of sports associations approved for shooting.

If you have more than 15 weapons, you have until December 31, 2024 to regularize your situation (divestment or neutralization).

You are under 12 years of age or older

Of specific rules apply to a minor who practices sport shooting.

You participate in international competitions

You can hold as much as possible 15 weapons authorized for sport shooting.

If you have more than 15 weapons, you have until December 31, 2024 to regularize your situation (divestment or neutralization).

You're in a different situation

You can detain up to 3 weapons 1-stroke ring-percussion handfire.

These weapons may only be used in the shooting stands of sports associations approved for shooting.

Please note

The carcasses and lower parts of cylinder head boxes are taken into account in the weapons quota since 1er September 2023. This rule applies regardless of when they were acquired. Other weapon components remain excluded from the quota for weapons acquisition and possession. If you exceed the weapons quota, you have until August 31, 2024 to regularize your situation (divestment or neutralization).

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General case

To purchase a Category B power system, you must present the authorization of the weapon or body or, if necessary, the lower part of the breech box held.

You can purchase the following power systems:

  • Category A1 (11 to 30 strokes, intended for insertion into a semi-automatic repeating central-fire long gun)
  • Category B

You can buy and hold to the maximum 10 power systems by weapon.

Speed Sporty Shooting (SST)

You can buy and own the following power systems provided you have the certificate of the French Shooting Federation:

  • For a handgun, delivery system for firing more than 20 rounds
  • For a long gun, a power supply system capable of firing more than 30 rounds

You can buy and hold to the maximum 10 power systems by weapon.

You can buy as much as possible 3,000 cartridges per weapon authorized for sport shooting, for 12 consecutive months.

There are no limitations on the ammunition items for the calibers of the weapons you have.

You must keep your Class B weapon, its components and ammunition, in one of two ways:

  • In a safe or a strong cabinet suitable for the type of material held
  • In a strong point having an armored door and whose doors are protected by bars.

You're an adult

You must apply for renewal not later than 3 months before the date of expiry of the authorization.

If you do not comply with this deadline, the authorization shall not be renewed unless there is a justified obstacle to doing so. For example, hospitalization.

The request is made online via your SIA account.

The documents to be provided shall be identical to the original application for authorization

A receipt is issued to you via your SIA account.

This receipt shall be deemed to constitute provisional authorization from the date of expiry of the authorization until the decision on renewal.

Weapons Information System (AIS) - Owner Space

Warning  

If you do not request the renewal of the authorization in time, you have to divest yourself of your weapon and ammunition or do neutralize your gun.

You're a minor

You must apply for renewal not later than 3 months before the date of expiry of the authorization.

If you do not comply with this deadline, the authorization shall not be renewed unless there is a justified obstacle to doing so. For example, hospitalization.

The request is made by mail to the prefecture of your home.

The documents to be provided shall be identical to the initial application for authorization.

A receipt is issued.

This receipt shall be deemed to constitute provisional authorization from the date of expiry of the authorization until the decision on renewal.

Who shall I contact

Warning  

If you do not request the renewal of the authorization in time, you have to divest yourself of your weapon and ammunition or do neutralize your gun.

Authorization for the acquisition and possession of a Class B weapon, or its renewal, may be refused or withdrawn in the following cases:

  • For any reason public policy or personal safety
  • If you do not meet or no longer meet the required conditions

You must to divest you of the weapon in a three-month period following the notification refusal or withdrawal.

FYI  

if you have not renewed your sport shooting license, the authorization shall cease to be valid at the end of a period of 3 months following the expiry date of the license.

Buying, selling, or possessing one or more Class B weapons without authorization is sanctioned by a 5-year prison sentence and one fine of €75,000.

The prison sentence is 10 years and the fine of €500,000 in case of infringement committed in an organized band.

The following offenses are punishable by a fine of up to €750 :

  • Move to another department without informing the prefecture of your new home
  • Purchase or possess more than 10 weapon power systems

The additional penalties the following may be added:

  • Prohibition of possession or carrying, for a maximum of 5 years, a weapon subject to authorization
  • Confiscation of one or more weapons
  • Withdrawal of the hunting license with prohibition to apply for a new license for up to 5 years

Weapons Information System (AIS) - Owner Space

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