Roadworthiness tests for private cars and motorhomes (category M1)

Verified 11 April 2024 - Directorate for Legal and Administrative Information (Prime Minister)

What is a roadworthiness test for a vehicle of up to 3.5 tons (car) vehicle of category M1 (private car, motorhome of 3.5 tons maximum)? What sound does your car have to pass the roadworthiness test? When to make the 1er control? What is the price of the roadworthiness test? Where to find a licensed center? What are the controlled functions? What is the counter-visit? This page tells you what you need to know about roadworthiness testing.

One private car (VP) is subject to a technical inspection, whatever it is thermal, hybrid or electric.

FYI  

Roadworthiness tests shall not relieve the vehicle owner of the obligation to to keep in good working order and in satisfactory condition for maintenance.

The 1er roadworthiness tests are to be carried out within 6 months before 4e anniversary of the 1re putting into service of the vehicle.

Control is at your initiative. You don't get a summons.

Example :

For a vehicle put into circulation on 1er october 2020, 1er roadworthiness test to take place between 1er April 2024 and September 30, 2024.

You may contact any center technical inspection approved in France.

You can use a on-line service for find the center technical inspection closest to you.

You must present the original of the registration certificate carte grise (new name of the vehicle) except in certain situations.

The expense of the roadworthiness tests are at the expense of the owner of the vehicle.

The price periodic technical inspection and counter-inspection services are center-specific variables.

Prices must be displayed at the main entrance of the center in a visible and legible manner.

The prices are classified by type of energy : petrol, diesel, gas, hybrid, electric.

You can use a online service for know the prices charged by technical control centers:

To know the prices charged by the technical inspection centers

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The functions checked during the roadworthiness test of a car are as follows:

· Vehicle identification. For example, license plate.

· Braking equipment. For example, platelets, disks.

· Management. For example, steering wheel, housing.

· Visibility. For example, windshields, mirrors.

· Lights, reflectors and electrical equipment

· Axles, wheels, tires, suspension

· Chassis and chassis accessories

· Other equipment. For example, seat belts, horn.

· Nuisances: pollution, noise level

The controller should check 133 checkpoints concerning the following functions:

  • Identification of the vehicle: vehicle documents, registration plate...
  • Equipment for braking : platelets, disks...
  • Direction : steering wheel, housing...
  • Visibility : windshield, mirrors...
  • Lights, reflective devices and electrical equipment (in particular those of an electric vehicle such as the battery, the charging cable, the tractor battery box, etc.)
  • Axles, wheels, tires, suspension
  • Chassis and chassis accessories
  • Other equipment: safety belts, horn (audible warning device)...
  • Nuisance : pollution, noise level

The result of roadworthiness tests depends of faults established and their severity level.

  • Minor failure : there are no consequences on the safety of the vehicle or on the environment
  • Major Failure : it may jeopardize the safety of the vehicle, have a negative impact on the environment or endanger other road users
  • Critical Failure : it constitutes a direct and immediate danger to road safety or has a serious effect on the environment

Roadworthiness tests shall entail a result :

  • Favorable (A) in the absence of a major and critical failure
  • Unfavorable (S) if there is at least major failure
  • Unfavorable (R) if there is at least one critical failure

The period of validity of the roadworthiness test varies according to result obtained.

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Favorable result (A)

In the case of a favorable result (no deficiencies found), the validity of the check shall be 2 years.

There is no counter-visit to make.

Unfavorable result for major failure (S)

In the event of an unfavorable result for major failure(S), the validity of the check shall be 2 months from the date of the periodic roadworthiness test.

One counter-visit must be completed within 2 months after the periodic roadworthiness test.

You are not required to make a counter-visit to the approved center where the deficiencies were found.

During the counter-visit, the controller check that the faults found during the roadworthiness tests have been repaired.

In case of favorable result of the counter-visit, the validity of the counter-visit is 2 years from date of unfavorable periodic roadworthiness test at the origin of the counter-visit.

Example :

Date of unfavorable periodic inspection: 5 January 2023

Date of favorable counter-visit: February 2, 2023

Period of validity of the counter-visit (date of the next periodic inspection): 5 January 2025

Unfavorable result for critical failure (R)

In the event of an unfavorable result for critical failure (R), the validity of the check shall be limited to day of inspection.

One counter-visit must be completed within 2 months after the periodic roadworthiness test.

You are not required to make a counter-visit to the approved center where the deficiencies were found.

During the counter-visit, the controller check that the faults found during the roadworthiness tests have been repaired.

In case of favorable result of the counter-visit, the validity of the counter-visit is 2 years from date of unfavorable periodic roadworthiness test at the origin of the counter-visit.

Example :

Date of unfavorable periodic inspection: 5 January 2023

Date of favorable counter-visit: February 2, 2023

Period of validity of the counter-visit (date of the next periodic inspection): 5 January 2025

FYI  

the modification of the vehicle registration shall not affect the validity of the roadworthiness test. For example, following the registration of a second-hand vehicle.

You are given a report after each roadworthiness test.

The minutes shall include the following points:

  • Nature of the control (periodic technical inspection, counter-inspection)
  • Date of control
  • Outcome control (favorable, unfavorable for major failure, unfavorable for critical failure)
  • Limit of validity of control
  • Nature of the next check (periodic inspection, counter-inspection)
  • Identification of the center control and controller
  • Identification of the vehicle
  • Mileage record
  • Information on unfavorable roadworthiness tests
  • Failures and Severity Levels (critical, major, minor, mileage recorded in roadworthiness)
  • Measurements taken

FYI  

It shall no longer be possible to include the following in the report of the roadworthiness test non-rolling vehicle.

Technical inspection report

The report which is given to you after the check constitutes the proof that the roadworthiness test has been carried out.

In case of loss of the minutes, you can request a duplicate and a certificate from the center where the check was carried out.

Carte grise completed with stamp registration certificate

Carte grise The inspector shall place a stamp on the vehicle registration certificate (VRC), stamp registration certificate.

This stamp specifies the result technical inspection and its deadline.

The certificate of registration carte grise (person) of the vehicle constitutes a proof of roadworthiness tests if it is completed with the stamp registration certificate or with the expiry date of the check.

FYI  

The controller also places on the vehicle a thumbnail which indicates the expiry date of the check carried out.

The owner of the vehicle who fails to comply with the requirements of the roadworthiness test shall be penalized by a fine up to €750.

As a general rule, it is a flat-rate fine of €135.

In the event of control by the police (police or gendarmerie), a detention order can be taken.

Carte grise In this case, the driver's registration certificate (new name of the vehicle) shall be used.

One traffic record valid 7 days it is given to him to do the roadworthiness test.

Carte grise In order to retrieve the vehicle, the driver must submit to the police or gendarmerie the report of the roadworthiness test attesting to its satisfactory result.

The vehicle impoundment it may also be decided:

  • in the absence of presentation for compulsory technical inspections,
  • or in the event that the prescribed repairs or alterations are not carried out.

In the event of a dispute as to the result of the roadworthiness test, the means of appeal are displayed in the center who issued the report.

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