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Technical inspection of a passenger car

Verified 15 December 2021 - Legal and Administrative Information Directorate (Prime Minister)

You bought a car and you wonder when and where to do the technical inspection and what the price is? Want to know what functions are controlled and how to do if a failure is found? This page shows you the rules to know about technical control.

A particular vehicle (VP) PTAC: titleContent is less than or equal to 3,5 tons subject to technical inspection, whether thermal, hybrid or electric.

Vehicles subject to or exempted from technical inspection

Vehicle type

Technical inspection required?

Private Vehicle (VP)

Yes

Utility

Yes

Camper with a maximum permissible gross vehicle weight (PTAC) of 3,5 t

Yes

Camper with a PTAC greater than 3,5 t

Yes

Heavyweight

Yes

Collection vehicle put into circulation from 1960

Yes

Collection vehicle used as a chauffeured transport car (VTC)

Yes

Collection vehicle released before 1960 and with a maximum TAC of 3,5 t

No

Collection vehicle with a PTAC greater than 3,5 t

No

Car without licence

No

Motorcycle, 2 wheels and 3 wheels

No

Motor quadricycle

No

Caravan with a PTAC of 3.5 tons or less

No

Agricultural tractor

No

Trailer with a TAC of 3.5 tons or less not used for the transport of dangerous goods

No

Car registered in diplomatic or similar services

No

Car registered in the FFECSA series (French Forces and civilian elements stationed in Germany)

No

Technical control shall cover all passenger vehicles (VP).

1to control during the 6 months before the 4e anniversary of 1re entry into service.

No summons are sent. Control is on your initiative.

Example :

For a vehicle put into circulation on 1to July 2018, 1to technical inspection must take place between 1to January 2022 and June 30, 2022.

The next check date will depend on the result of this 1to control.

The technical inspection shall not relieve the vehicle owner of the obligation to maintain serviceability and in satisfactory condition of maintenance.

In any approved centre in France.

You must present the original Certificate of Registration (new name of the carte grise) except in certain situations.

The fees are at the expense of the vehicle owner.

The price periodic technical inspection and back-inspection services variables by centre.

They must be displayed at the centre's main entrance in a visible and legible manner.

Prices are by energy type : gasoline, diesel, gas, hybrid, electric.

You can use online service for prices charged by the technical control centres.

Know prices charged by technical control centres

Functions checked during a car technical inspection

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Functions checked during a car technical inspection - plus de détails dans le texte suivant l’infographie
Crédits: Direction de l'information légale et administrativeInfographie - Functions checked during a car technical inspection

The functions checked during the technical inspection of a car are:

・ Vehicle identification. For example, number plate.

・ Braking equipment. For example, platelets, disks.

・ Direction. For example, steering wheel, housing.

・ Visibility. For example, windscreen, mirrors.

・ Lights, reflective devices and electrical equipment

・ Axles, wheels, tyres, suspension

・ Chassis and chassis accessories

・ Other equipment. For example, seat belts, audible warning.

・ Nuisances: pollution, noise level

The controller shall verify 133 checkpoints concerning the following functions:

  • Identification vehicle: vehicle documents, number plate...
  • Equipment braking : platelets, disks...
  • Direction : steering wheel, housing...
  • Visibility : windscreen, mirrors...
  • Lights, reflective devices and electrical equipment (especially those of an electric vehicle such as the battery, the charging cable, the traction battery box...)
  • Axles, wheels, tyres, suspension
  • Chassis and chassis accessories
  • Other equipment: seat belts, horn (audible warning)...
  • Nuisances : pollution, noise level

At each controlled point, severity level is indicated if a failure is found.

  • Minor Failure : no impact on vehicle safety or the environment
  • Major Failure : which could compromise the safety of the vehicle, have a negative impact on the environment or endanger other road users
  • Critical Failure : posing a direct and immediate threat to road safety or having a serious impact on the environment

In case of major or critical failure, a new control called counter-visit, is to be done after making the necessary repairs.

The checkpoints during a counter visit depend on the major and critical failures observed during the previous check.

The date of the next check depends on the deficiencies found during the technical inspection.

Outcome of the technical inspection according to the deficiencies identified

Deficiencies

Notice

Control Validity

Prescription of a countervisit

Lack of Major and Critical Failure

Favourable (A)

2 years from control

No counter-visit

At least one major failure

Unfavourable (S)

2 months from check

Mandatory within 2 months of technical inspection

At least one critical failure

Unfavourable (R)

Control Day

You do not have to cross-visit the authorised centre where the deficiencies were found.

The counter-visit can be in any approved centre in France.

It is given to you minutes after each technical check.

The minutes shall mention in particular the following:

  • Nature of control (periodic technical inspection, cross-check)
  • Date control
  • Result control (favourable, unfavourable for major failure, unfavourable for critical failure)
  • Limit validity control
  • Nature next check (periodic inspection, cross-check)
  • Centre Identification control and
  • Identification vehicle
  • Mileage statement
  • Unfavourable technical control information
  • Failures and Severity Levels (critical, major, minor, mileage recorded in technical inspection since 20 May 2018, comments)
  • Measures

Controller puts on carte grise stamp indicating result control and deadline :

  • Letter A : result favourable
  • Letter S : unfavourable result for major failures
  • Letter R : unfavourable result for critical failures

The controller shall place a thumbnail that expiry date of the check carried out.

It is no longer possible to include the entry in the minutes of the technical inspection non-rolling vehicle.

FYI  

the modification of the vehicle registration shall not affect the validity of the technical inspection. For example, following registration of a used vehicle.

A fine of up to €750.

As a rule, this is a flat-rate fine of €135.

In case of control by the police or gendarmerie, detention order can be taken.

In this case, the driver's registration certificate (new name of the carte grise) shall be retained.

A valid traffic ticket 7 days shall be handed over to him to perform the technical inspection.

To recover his carte grise, the driver must present to the police station or the gendarmerie the minutes of the technical inspection attesting his satisfactory result.

In case of dispute over the outcome of the technical inspection, remedies are displayed in centre who issued the report.