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Amount of rent for a privately owned dwelling

Verified 24 August 2022 - Legal and Administrative Information Directorate (Prime Minister)

The rent of a dwelling (rented with a residential lease or mobility lease) is freely fixed by the owner. But, in the cities located in the tense zone, rent guidelines dialogue box. In these cities, the rent must not exceed a maximum amount when the lease is returned (in the case of a new tenant) and when the lease is renewed (in the case of the same tenant).

To find out if your municipality is located in a tense zone:

Check that a housing is in a tense area

Warning  

Paris, Lille, Hellemmes and Lomme, Lyon and Villeurbanne, Montpellier, Bordeaux and municipalities of Common plain and East Together apply even stricter rules.

Tense Area

Some of the accommodation units are not affected by the rent guidelines, as they are subject to other rules: accommodation 1948 acthousing agreed by Anah (excluding intermediate rent agreements)housing HLM, tourist furniture, subletting.

When the accommodation is rented for 1re The landlord freely fixes the amount of rent.

The owner review rent 1 time per year, provided that this is provided for in the lease.

Warning  

  • In mainland France, where the lease has been signed since August 24, 2022 and concerns accommodation classified F or G (classification indicated on the DPE: titleContent), it is forbidden to revise the rent.
  • In Guadeloupe, Martinique, French Guiana, La Réunion and Mayotte, when the lease is signed after the 1to July 2024 and concerns accommodation classified F or G (classification indicated on DPE: titleContent), it is forbidden to revise the rent.

When the rent is undervalued relative to the market price, the landlord may increase the rent at the renewal of the lease, under certain conditions. But it has to do it within certain rules.

Warning  

a mobility lease cannot be renewed.

The amount of rent applied to the last tenant must be shown in the lease.

The landlord can increase this rent in only some cases.

The date of signing of the lease is decisive:

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Lease signed since August 24, 2022

Rent not revised in last 12 months

If no revision has occurred in the past 12 months, the landlord may increase the rent of the annual variation of IRL published on the date of signature of the new lease.

Warning  

  • In mainland France, where the lease concerns accommodation classified F or G (class indicated on DPE: titleContent), it is forbidden to revise the rent.
  • In Guadeloupe, Martinique, French Guiana, La Réunion and Mayotte, the landlord freely fixes the amount of the rent, regardless of the class of accommodation indicated on the DPE: titleContent. This rule is valid until 1to July 2024.

Work carried out since the departure of the former tenant
Work not less than 50% of the last year of rent

The new rent can be increased when the landlord has financed improvement work (excluding energy-saving work that resulted in a rent increase for reduction of charges) or work that was standards of decency

This work shall:

  • Have been made since the departure of the last tenant, in the common or private areas
  • And be at least 50% of the last year of rent (excluding charges)

If these conditions are met, the annual rent charged with the previous tenant may be increased by 15% of the amount of the work TTC: titleContent.

Warning  

  • In mainland France, where the lease concerns accommodation classified F or G (class indicated on DPE: titleContent), it is forbidden to increase the rent.
  • In Guadeloupe, Martinique, French Guiana, La Réunion and Mayotte, the landlord can increase the rent, regardless of the class of accommodation indicated on the DPE: titleContent. This rule is valid until 1to July 2024.

Work not less than last year of rent

The new rent is freely fixed when the following 2 conditions are met:

  • Of improvement work have been done for less than 6 months
  • The amount of the work is at least equal to the last year of rent

Warning  

  • In mainland France, where the lease concerns accommodation classified F or G (class indicated on DPE: titleContent), it is forbidden to increase the rent.
  • In Guadeloupe, Martinique, French Guiana, La Réunion and Mayotte, the landlord can increase the rent, regardless of the class of accommodation indicated on the DPE: titleContent. This rule is valid until 1to July 2024.

Old undervalued rent

When the rent applied to the former tenant is clearly undervalued, the landlord can increase the rent.

FYI  

It is possible to estimate the undervaluation of rent based on rents usually found for comparable housing in the same geographic area.

But the increase in rent must not exceed 50% of the difference between the following 2 sums:

  • Amount of rent determined by reference to rents in the vicinity for comparable housing
  • Last rent applied to the previous tenant, possibly revised on the IRL if this has not been done in the last 12 months

Warning  

  • In mainland France, where the lease concerns accommodation classified F or G (class indicated on DPE: titleContent), it is forbidden to increase the obviously undervalued rent.
  • In Guadeloupe, Martinique, French Guiana, La Réunion and Mayotte, the landlord can increase rent that is clearly undervalued, regardless of the class of accommodation indicated on the DPE: titleContent. This rule is valid until 1to July 2024.

Lease signed before August 24, 2022

Rent not revised in last 12 months

If no revision has occurred in the past 12 months, the landlord may increase the rent of the annual variation of IRL published on the date of signature of the new lease.

Work carried out since the departure of the former tenant
Work not less than 50% of the last year of rent

The new rent may be increased when the following 2 conditions are met:

  • The owner financed improvement work (excluding energy-saving work that resulted in a rent increase for reduction of charges) or work that was standards of decency
  • When the housing is located in the metropolis, its primary energy consumption is less than 331 kWh per m2 per year. An energy performance diagnosis less than 4 years old must attest to this.

This work shall:

  • have been carried out since the departure of the last tenant, in the common or private areas
  • be at least 50% of the last year of rent (excluding charges)

If these conditions are met, the annual rent charged with the previous tenant may be increased by 15% of the amount of the work TTC: titleContent.

Work not less than last year of rent

The new rent is freely fixed when the following 3 conditions are met:

  • Of improvement work have been done for less than 6 months
  • The amount of the work is at least equal to the last year of rent
  • When the housing is located in the metropolis, its primary energy consumption is less than 331 kWh per m2 per year. An energy performance diagnosis less than 4 years old must attest to this.
Old undervalued rent

It is possible to increase the rent applied to the former tenant when the following 2 conditions are met:

  • This rent is undervalued. It is possible to estimate the undervaluation of rent based on rents usually found for comparable housing in the same geographic area.
  • When the housing is located in the metropolis, its primary energy consumption is less than 331 kWh per m2 per year. An energy performance diagnosis less than 4 years old must attest to this.

When these 2 conditions are met, the rent can be increased. However, the increase in rent must not exceed 50% of the difference between the following 2 sums:

  • Amount of rent determined by reference to rents in the vicinity for comparable housing
  • Last rent applied to the previous tenant, possibly revised on the IRL if this has not been done in the last 12 months

The rule to apply depends on the date the lease was signed:

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Lease signed since August 24, 2022

In mainland France, the landlord freely fixes the rent of a house classified A, B, C, D or E. But the rent of a house classified F or G must not be higher than the last rent applied to the previous tenant.

FYI  

In addition, the landlord freely fixes the amount of rent, regardless of the class of the dwelling. This rule is valid until 1to July 2024.

Lease signed before August 24, 2022

The landlord freely fixes the rent.

Other

The landlord can freely set the amount of rent he wishes to apply, whether it is an empty or furnished dwelling.

The owner may revise rent 1 times a year provided that this is provided for in the lease.

Warning  

  • In mainland France, where the lease has been signed since August 24, 2022 and concerns accommodation classified F or G (classification indicated on the DPE: titleContent), it is forbidden to revise the rent.
  • In Guadeloupe, Martinique, French Guiana, La Réunion and Mayotte, when the lease is signed after the 1to July 2024 and concerns accommodation classified F or G (classification indicated on DPE: titleContent), it is forbidden to revise the rent.

If the rent is clearly undervalued, the landlord can offer the tenant a new higher rent, respecting a procedure.

Warning  

  • In mainland France, where the lease concerns accommodation classified F or G (class indicated on DPE: titleContent), it is forbidden to increase the obviously undervalued rent.
  • In Guadeloupe, Martinique, French Guiana, La Réunion and Mayotte, the landlord can increase rent that is clearly undervalued, regardless of the class of accommodation indicated on the DPE: titleContent. This rule is valid until 1to July 2024.

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