What can a young person do before the age of 18?
Verified 26 January 2024 - Directorate for Legal and Administrative Information (Prime Minister)
You are under the age of 18, and you want to know what your rights are? Are you wondering if you need the consent or permission of your parents or guardian (if you have one) to perform everyday acts? We present you with the information you need to know.
The information differs depending on whether you are a French national or not.
At any age and on your own, you can:
- Make a simple complaint
- Learn about your rights in a justice and law center or a departmental center for access to law (CDAD)
- Benefit from legal aid
- To be heard by a judge in civil proceedings (e.g. family judge if his parents divorce, judge children if he is in danger, guardianship judge)
- Testify or be heard, tried and eventually convicted in criminal proceedings
- Enter the Defender of Rights of a claim
- Exercise its rights of access, rectification and opposition to computer files containing information about him
Who shall I contact
In principle, you can travel alone in France as long as you have an ID.
However, even if you have the ability to travel alone, some carriers (airline, railway, marine) will require you to be accompanied by a major third party.
In principle, you can't leave France without your papers and authorization to leave the territory at least one of your parents in your possession.
These provisions are valid for any exit from French territory within the European Union.
For travel outside the European Union, you will need to present, depending on the country, a passport, an exit permit and the documents requested by the host country you are traveling to (e.g. visa, on-site reservation, return ticket).
However, if your parents are afraid that you will leave France alone (holidays, fugue,...), they can ask for a opposition to exit from the territory (OST) in case of emergency or travel ban. Once the decision is made, you can no longer leave the territory.
You can get a Vital Card at age 16 (or 12 if you are linked to their parents' account).
Concerning the European Health Insurance Card (EHIC)However, you can request it as soon as you get your social security number.
Any relationship with an adult, whatever it may be, is prohibited and considered non-consensual.
On the other hand, you can have sexual relations with another minor as soon as they are consented (i.e. without violence, coercion, surprise, threat,...).
From 15 years
Sexual relations between a minor and an adult, apart from family relations (parent, grandparent,...) and persons who care for him (instructor, animator,...), are accepted by law.
On the other hand, sexual relations between minors less than 5 years apart are considered to be consensual (i.e. without violence, coercion, surprise, threat, etc.).
Who can help me?
Find who can answer your questions in your region