What can a young person do before the age of 18?
Verified 02 March 2022 - Directorate for Legal and Administrative Information (Prime Minister)
Only the young adult or emancipated minor full independence. Before age 18, the young person must obtain, in the vast majority of cases, the agreement or authorization of his parents (who have parental authority) or of his guardian if he has one.
At any age and alone, young people can:
- File a complaint
- Inquire about your rights in a house of justice and law or a departmental center for access to law (CDAD)
- Benefit from legal aid
- To be heard by a judge in civil proceedings (e.g. family judge if his parents divorce, judge children if he is in danger, guardianship judge)
- Testify or be heard, tried and eventually convicted in criminal proceedings
- Enter the Defender of Rights of a claim
- Exercise its rights of access, rectification and opposition to computer files containing information about him
Who shall I contact
Who shall I contact
In principle, children can travel alone in France as long as they have an identity document.
However, even if the young person has the capacity to travel alone, some carriers (airline, railway, marine) will require the minor to be accompanied by a major third party. This service is most often charged.
In principle, a minor cannot leave France without his or her documents and authorization to leave the territory at least one of his parents in his possession.
These provisions are valid for any departure from French territory within the European Union.
For travel outside the European Union, the minor will have to present, depending on the country, a passport, an authorization to leave the territory and the documents requested by the host country to which he is going (example: visa, reservation on the spot, return ticket,...).
However, when a parent fears that his minor child will leave France alone (terrorism, holidays, fugue,...), he can ask for a opposition to exit from the territory (OST) in case of emergency or travel ban. Once the decision is made, the child can no longer leave the territory.
A minor can obtain a Vital Card at age 16 (or 12 if they are attached to their parents' account).
Concerning the European Health Insurance Card (EHIC)He can apply for it as soon as he gets his social security number.
Any relationship with an adult, whatever it may be, is prohibited and considered non-consensual.
On the other hand, minors can have sexual relations with each other as soon as they are consented to (that is to say, without violence, coercion, surprise, threat, etc.).
From 15 years
Sexual relations between a minor and an adult, apart from family relations (parent, grandparent,...) and persons who care for him (instructor, animator,...), are accepted by law.
On the other hand, sexual relations between minors less than 5 years apart are considered to be consensual (i.e. without violence, coercion, surprise, threat, etc.).
Who can help me?
Find who can answer your questions in your region
- Empowerment of a minorService-Public.fr
- Sexual offenses against minorsService-Public.fr
- Ten tips for staying clean on the webNational Commission for Informatics and Freedoms (Cnil)
- Site jeunes.gouv.frMinistry responsible for youth
- The youth area of the Cnil websiteNational Commission for Informatics and Freedoms (Cnil)
- National universal serviceMinistry of Education